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Search for better biofuels microbes leads to human gut

Search for better biofuels microbes leads to human gut

Scientists have scoured cow rumens and termite guts for microbes that can efficiently break down plant cell walls for the production of next-generation biofuels, but some of the best microbial candidates actually may reside in the human lower intestine, researchers report. Continue reading

Critically ill ICU patients lose almost all of their gut microbes and the ones left aren’t good

Critically ill ICU patients lose almost all of their gut microbes and the ones left aren’t good

Researchers at the University of Chicago have shown that after a long stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) only a handful of pathogenic microbe species remain behind in patients’ intestines. Continue reading

Presence or absence of early language delay alters anatomy of the brain in autism

Presence or absence of early language delay alters anatomy of the brain in autism

Individual differences in early language development, and in later language functioning, are associated with changes in the anatomy of the brain in autism. A new study led by researchers from the University of Cambridge has found that a common characteristic of autism — language delay in early childhood — leaves a ‘signature’ in the brain. Continue reading

Maternal breast milk is risk factor for cytomegalovirus transmission in premature infants

Maternal breast milk is risk factor for cytomegalovirus transmission in premature infants

Premature infants, especially those born with very low-birth-weight (VLBW), are particularly vulnerable to cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection because of their immature immune systems. CMV infection can cause serious disease and, in severe cases, lead to death Continue reading

Statin use during hospitalization for hemorrhagic stroke associated with improved survival

Statin use during hospitalization for hemorrhagic stroke associated with improved survival

Patients who were treated with a statin in the hospital after suffering from a hemorrhagic stroke were significantly more likely to survive than those who were not, according to a study published today in JAMA Neurology . This study was conducted by the same researchers who recently discovered that the use of cholesterol-lowering statins can improve survival in victims of ischemic stroke. Ischemic stroke is caused by a constriction or obstruction of a blood vessel that blocks blood from reaching areas of the brain, while hemorrhagic stroke, also known as intracerebral hemorrhage, is bleeding in the brain Continue reading

Old drug may be key to new antibiotics

Old drug may be key to new antibiotics

McMaster scientists have found that an anticonvulsant drug may help in developing a new class of antibiotics. Although dozens of antibiotics target what bacteria do, their study has looked at how a certain part of bacteria are created, and they found there is a way of stopping it. The discovery is important as there is growing concern worldwide about how antibiotic resistance is making the cures for infections ineffective. Continue reading

Lack of thyroid hormone blocks hearing development

Lack of thyroid hormone blocks hearing development

Fatigue, weight gain, chills, hair loss, anxiety, excessive perspiration — these symptoms are a few of the signs that the thyroid gland, which regulates the body’s heart rate and plays a crucial role in its metabolism, has gone haywire. Now, new research from Tel Aviv University points to an additional complication caused by thyroid imbalance: congenital deafness. Continue reading

Lack of thyroid hormone blocks hearing development

Lack of thyroid hormone blocks hearing development

Fatigue, weight gain, chills, hair loss, anxiety, excessive perspiration — these symptoms are a few of the signs that the thyroid gland, which regulates the body’s heart rate and plays a crucial role in its metabolism, has gone haywire. Now, new research from Tel Aviv University points to an additional complication caused by thyroid imbalance: congenital deafness. Continue reading

Lack of thyroid hormone blocks hearing development

Lack of thyroid hormone blocks hearing development

Fatigue, weight gain, chills, hair loss, anxiety, excessive perspiration — these symptoms are a few of the signs that the thyroid gland, which regulates the body’s heart rate and plays a crucial role in its metabolism, has gone haywire. Now, new research from Tel Aviv University points to an additional complication caused by thyroid imbalance: congenital deafness. Continue reading

Influenza A potentiates pneumococcal co-infection: New details emerge

Influenza A potentiates pneumococcal co-infection: New details emerge

Influenza infection can enhance the ability of the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae to cause ear and throat infections, according to research published ahead of print in the journal Infection and Immunity . Continue reading