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Fungicides for crops: Worrying link to fungal drug resistance in UK, warns scientists

Fungicides for crops: Worrying link to fungal drug resistance in UK, warns scientists

Crop spraying on British farms could be aiding a life-threatening fungus suffered by tens of thousand of people in the UK each year. New research by British and Dutch scientists has found that Aspergillus — a common fungus that attacks the lungs and is found in soil and other organic matter — has become resistant to life — saving drugs in parts of rural Yorkshire. Continue reading

Virus kills triple negative breast cancer cells, tumor cells in mice

Virus kills triple negative breast cancer cells, tumor cells in mice

A virus not known to cause disease kills triple-negative breast cancer cells and killed tumors grown from these cells in mice, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. Understanding how the virus kills cancer may lead to new treatments for breast cancer Continue reading

Fecal transplants restore healthy bacteria and gut functions

Fecal transplants restore healthy bacteria and gut functions

Fecal microbiota transplantation — the process of delivering stool bacteria from a healthy donor to a patient suffering from intestinal infection with the bacterium Clostridium difficile — works by restoring healthy bacteria and functioning to the recipient’s gut, according to a study published this week in mBio ®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. Continue reading

Viral infections, including flu, could be inhibited by naturally occurring protein

Viral infections, including flu, could be inhibited by naturally occurring protein

By boosting a protein that naturally exists in our cells, an international team of researchers led by the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI), partner with UPMC CancerCenter, has found a potential way to enhance our ability to sense and inhibit viral infections. The laboratory-based discovery, which could lead to more effective treatments for viruses ranging from hepatitis C to the flu, appears in the June 19 issue of the journal Immunity Continue reading

Viral infections, including flu, could be inhibited by naturally occurring protein

Viral infections, including flu, could be inhibited by naturally occurring protein

By boosting a protein that naturally exists in our cells, an international team of researchers led by the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI), partner with UPMC CancerCenter, has found a potential way to enhance our ability to sense and inhibit viral infections. The laboratory-based discovery, which could lead to more effective treatments for viruses ranging from hepatitis C to the flu, appears in the June 19 issue of the journal Immunity . The research is supported by the National Institutes of Health. Continue reading

Immune system precursor cells that fight infection discovered

Immune system precursor cells that fight infection discovered

The innate immune system recognizes infectious agents such as viruses and bacteria. A group of lymphocytes known as “innate lymphoid cells” or ILCs plays a central role in the defense of the human body against infective agents. Professor Andreas Diefenbach of the Research Center Immunology at the Mainz University Medical Center, working in collaboration with scientists at the University of Freiburg, has discovered previously unidentified ILCs that are able to protect epithelial surfaces, such as those of the intestinal mucosa, against infection. Continue reading

Immune system precursor cells that fight infection discovered

Immune system precursor cells that fight infection discovered

The innate immune system recognizes infectious agents such as viruses and bacteria. A group of lymphocytes known as “innate lymphoid cells” or ILCs plays a central role in the defense of the human body against infective agents. Professor Andreas Diefenbach of the Research Center Immunology at the Mainz University Medical Center, working in collaboration with scientists at the University of Freiburg, has discovered previously unidentified ILCs that are able to protect epithelial surfaces, such as those of the intestinal mucosa, against infection Continue reading

Breakthrough in RSV research to help infected children

Breakthrough in RSV research to help infected children

Researchers at Le Bonheur Children’s Hospital and the University of Tennessee Health Science Center announced results today from a clinical trial of a drug shown to safely reduce the viral load and clinical illness of healthy adult volunteers intranasally infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Continue reading

Breakthrough in RSV research to help infected children

Breakthrough in RSV research to help infected children

Researchers at Le Bonheur Children’s Hospital and the University of Tennessee Health Science Center announced results today from a clinical trial of a drug shown to safely reduce the viral load and clinical illness of healthy adult volunteers intranasally infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Detailed results of this study were presented by lead researcher Infectious Disease Specialist John DeVincenzo, MD, this week during a poster discussion session at the American Thoracic Society 2014 International Conference in San Diego. Continue reading

Promising discovery in fight against antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Promising discovery in fight against antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Researchers at the University of British Columbia have identified a small molecule that prevents bacteria from forming into biofilms, a frequent cause of infections. The anti-biofilm peptide works on a range of bacteria including many that cannot be treated by antibiotics. Continue reading