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Adolescent alcohol abuse disrupts transitions into early adulthood

Adolescent alcohol abuse disrupts transitions into early adulthood

Prior research has shown strong associations between adolescent alcohol abuse and adverse outcomes in early adulthood. A first-of-its-kind study of linkages between adolescent alcohol abuse and adverse adult outcomes has examined the influence of differences in familial background and shared genetics on this association; findings are consistent with a causal relationship between adolescent drinking and subsequent alcohol-related adult problems that cannot be fully explained by shared genetic and environmental liabilities. Results will be published in the August 2014 online-only issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently available at Early View Continue reading

Live kidney donors face ‘pointless’ insurance troubles

Live kidney donors face ‘pointless’ insurance troubles

Healthy living kidney donors often face pointless post-donation hurdles when seeking or changing health or life insurance, according to results of a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers. “Living donors are some of the healthiest people in the United States Continue reading

Live kidney donors face ‘pointless’ insurance troubles

Live kidney donors face ‘pointless’ insurance troubles

Healthy living kidney donors often face pointless post-donation hurdles when seeking or changing health or life insurance, according to results of a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers. “Living donors are some of the healthiest people in the United States. They’re heavily screened before they’re approved for donation and should be easily insurable,” says study leader Dorry Segev, M.D., Ph.D., M.H.S., an associate professor of surgery and epidemiology at The Johns Hopkins University Continue reading

Growing up on livestock farm halves risk of inflammatory bowel diseases

Growing up on livestock farm halves risk of inflammatory bowel diseases

New research conducted at Aarhus University has revealed that people who have grown up on a farm with livestock are only half as likely as their urban counterparts to develop the most common inflammatory bowel diseases: ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Continue reading

Want a higher GPA in college? Join a gym

Want a higher GPA in college? Join a gym

For those students looking to bump up their grade point averages during college, the answer may not be spending more time in a library or study hall, but in a gym. New Michigan State University research shows that students who were members of the recreational sports and fitness centers on MSU’s campus during their freshman and sophomore years had higher GPAs than those who weren’t. The research also indicated that students with memberships stayed in school longer Continue reading

Young Hispanics often obese, at higher risk for heart diseases

Young Hispanics often obese, at higher risk for heart diseases

Obesity is common among U.S. Hispanics and is severe particularly among young Hispanics, according to research in the Journal of the American Heart Association ( JAHA ). Continue reading

Major gaps in hepatitis C care identified as new drugs, screening efforts emerge

Major gaps in hepatitis C care identified as new drugs, screening efforts emerge

A new meta-analysis published online in PLOS ONE by infectious disease and epidemiology specialists from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania highlights significant gaps in hepatitis C care that will prove useful as the U.S. health care system continues to see an influx of patients with the disease because of improved screening efforts and new, promising drugs. In the largest study of its kind, the team examined data culled from 10 studies between 2003 and 2013 and found that less than 10 percent of people infected with hepatitis C in the United States — 330,000 of nearly 3.5 million people — were cured (achieved viral suppression) with antiviral hepatitis C treatment Continue reading

Young indoor tanning increases early risk of skin cancer

Young indoor tanning increases early risk of skin cancer

Dartmouth researchers have found that early exposure to the ultraviolet radiation lamps used for indoor tanning is related to an increased risk of developing basal cell carcinomas (BCC) at a young age. Their findings are reported in “Early-Onset Basal Cell Carcinoma and Indoor Tanning: A Population-Based Study,” a study that will be published in the July 2014 issue of Pediatrics . Since indoor tanning has become increasingly popular among adolescents and young adults, this research calls attention to the importance of counseling young people about the risk of indoor tanning Continue reading

Effectiveness of PTSD treatments provided by DOD, VA unknown

Effectiveness of PTSD treatments provided by DOD, VA unknown

The U.S. Department of Defense and U.S. Continue reading

Effectiveness of PTSD treatments provided by DOD, VA unknown

Effectiveness of PTSD treatments provided by DOD, VA unknown

The U.S. Department of Defense and U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs should track the outcomes of treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) provided to service members and veterans and develop a coordinated and comprehensive strategy to do so, says a new congressionally mandated report from the Institute of Medicine Continue reading