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Sleep education program spurs preschoolers to snooze 30 minutes longer at night

Sleep education program spurs preschoolers to snooze 30 minutes longer at night

Taking part in an educational sleep program resulted in a 30-minute average increase in sleep duration at a one-month follow-up for preschoolers, according to a new study from the University of Michigan. In the study, published in the journal SLEEP , families in two Head Start programs participated in the Sweet Dreamzzz Early Childhood Sleep Education Program™ Continue reading

Family violence leaves genetic imprint on children

Family violence leaves genetic imprint on children

A new Tulane University School of Medicine study finds that the more fractured families are by domestic violence or trauma, the more likely that children will bear the scars down to their DNA. Researchers discovered that children in homes affected by domestic violence, suicide or the incarceration of a family member have significantly shorter telomeres, which is a cellular marker of aging, than those in stable households. The findings are published online in the latest issue of the journal Pediatrics Continue reading

Single dose of century-old drug approved for sleeping sickness reverses autism-like symptoms in mice

Single dose of century-old drug approved for sleeping sickness reverses autism-like symptoms in mice

In a further test of a novel theory that suggests autism is the consequence of abnormal cell communication, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that an almost century-old drug approved for treating sleeping sickness also restores normal cellular signaling in a mouse model of autism, reversing symptoms of the neurological disorder in animals that were the human biological age equivalent of 30 years old. The findings, published in the June 17, 2014 online issue of Translational Psychiatry , follow up on similar research published last year by senior author Robert K. Continue reading

Diabetes risk: Understanding how children’s bodies process foods

Diabetes risk: Understanding how children’s bodies process foods

With the increase in childhood obesity and the associated increase in type 2 diabetes among children and adolescents, there is growing interest in how children’s bodies process the foods they eat and how obesity and diabetes begin to develop at early ages. Continue reading

Dormant Viruses Re-Emerge in Patients with Lingering Sepsis, Signaling Immune Suppression

Dormant Viruses Re-Emerge in Patients with Lingering Sepsis, Signaling Immune Suppression

A provocative study links prolonged episodes of sepsis — a life-threatening infection and leading cause of death in hospitals — to the reactivation of otherwise dormant viruses in the body. In healthy people, such latent viruses are kept in check by the immune system. But a study by a team at Washington University School of Medicine in St Continue reading

Dormant Viruses Re-Emerge in Patients with Lingering Sepsis, Signaling Immune Suppression

Dormant Viruses Re-Emerge in Patients with Lingering Sepsis, Signaling Immune Suppression

A provocative study links prolonged episodes of sepsis — a life-threatening infection and leading cause of death in hospitals — to the reactivation of otherwise dormant viruses in the body. In healthy people, such latent viruses are kept in check by the immune system. But a study by a team at Washington University School of Medicine in St Continue reading

Vitamin D and the nursing mother

Vitamin D and the nursing mother

Everyone seems to agree that vitamin D is important throughout life. Continue reading

Vitamin D and the nursing mother

Vitamin D and the nursing mother

Everyone seems to agree that vitamin D is important throughout life. Continue reading

Inhaling hypertonic saline decreases hospital admissions in children with bronchiolitis

Inhaling hypertonic saline decreases hospital admissions in children with bronchiolitis

A team of researchers, led by physicians from Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, have found that infants with bronchiolitis who were treated with inhaled hypertonic saline in the emergency department (ED) were less likely to require admission to the hospital compared to infants treated with normal saline. The study, conducted at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles and UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital Oakland, will be published in JAMA Pediatrics on May 26. Bronchiolitis is a respiratory infection common in infants and young children that results in approximately 150,000 hospitalizations each year, with an estimated cost of $500 million. Continue reading

Inhaling hypertonic saline decreases hospital admissions in children with bronchiolitis

Inhaling hypertonic saline decreases hospital admissions in children with bronchiolitis

A team of researchers, led by physicians from Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, have found that infants with bronchiolitis who were treated with inhaled hypertonic saline in the emergency department (ED) were less likely to require admission to the hospital compared to infants treated with normal saline. Continue reading