List/Grid

Pediatrics Subscribe to Pediatrics

Sugar-sweetened beverages contribute to U. S. obesity epidemic, particularly among children

Sugar-sweetened beverages contribute to U. S. obesity epidemic, particularly among children

In response to the ongoing policy discussions on the role of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on weight and health, The Obesity Society (TOS) concludes that SSBs contribute to the United States’ obesity epidemic, particularly among children. Based on an in-depth analysis of the current research, TOS’s position statement unveiled today provides several recommendations for improving health, including that children minimize their consumption of SSBs. “There’s no arguing with the fact that the high rates of obesity in the U.S Continue reading

Applying math to biology: Software identifies disease-causing mutations in undiagnosed illnesses

Applying math to biology: Software identifies disease-causing mutations in undiagnosed illnesses

A computational tool developed at the University of Utah (U of U) has successfully identified diseases with unknown gene mutations in three separate cases, U of U researchers and their colleagues report in a new study in The American Journal of Human Genetics . The software, Phevor (Phenotype Driven Variant Ontological Re-ranking tool), identifies undiagnosed illnesses and unknown gene mutations by analyzing the exomes, or areas of DNA where proteins that code for genes are made, in individual patients and small families. Sequencing the genomes of individuals or small families often produces false predictions of mutations that cause diseases. Continue reading

Novel stapled peptide nanoparticle combination prevents RSV infection, study finds

Novel stapled peptide nanoparticle combination prevents RSV infection, study finds

New therapies are needed to prevent and treat respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) — a potentially lethal respiratory infection that can severely affect infants, young children and the elderly. Despite a wide range of anti-RSV efforts, there are no vaccines or drugs on the market to effectively prevent or treat the infection. Now researchers at the Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center and Harvard Medical School in Boston, MA, and the James A. Continue reading

Young dads at high risk of depression, too

Young dads at high risk of depression, too

Depression can hit young fathers hard — with symptoms increasing dramatically during some of the most important years of their children’s lives, a new Northwestern Medicine® study has found. Continue reading

Young dads at high risk of depression, too

Young dads at high risk of depression, too

Depression can hit young fathers hard — with symptoms increasing dramatically during some of the most important years of their children’s lives, a new Northwestern Medicine® study has found. Continue reading

Severe obesity on the rise among children in the U.S.

Severe obesity on the rise among children in the U.S.

A new study led by a University of North Carolina School of Medicine researcher finds little to cheer about in the fight against childhood obesity, despite a recent report to the contrary. The study, published online first April 7 in JAMA Pediatrics , found that all classes of obesity in U.S. children have increased over the last 14 years. Continue reading

Severe obesity on the rise among children in the U.S.

Severe obesity on the rise among children in the U.S.

A new study led by a University of North Carolina School of Medicine researcher finds little to cheer about in the fight against childhood obesity, despite a recent report to the contrary. The study, published online first April 7 in JAMA Pediatrics , found that all classes of obesity in U.S. Continue reading

Parental obesity and autism risk in the child: Is paternal obesity a greater risk factor than maternal obesity?

Parental obesity and autism risk in the child: Is paternal obesity a greater risk factor than maternal obesity?

Several studies have looked at possible links between maternal obesity during pregnancy and the risk of developmental disorders in the child. However, paternal obesity could be a greater risk factor than maternal obesity, according to a new study from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. As the first researcher to study the role of paternal obesity in autism, Dr. Continue reading

Potential drug targets in deadly pediatric brain tumors

Potential drug targets in deadly pediatric brain tumors

Researchers studying a rare, always fatal brain tumor in children have found several molecular alterations that drive the cancer, according to a new study from scientists at Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center and McGill University. The findings identify potential new targets for drug treatments. The new research could help physicians choose targeted agents with a better chance of combating pediatric high-grade astrocytomas, which are extremely difficult to treat with radiation and surgery Continue reading

Call for circumcision gets a boost from experts

Call for circumcision gets a boost from experts

In the United States the rate of circumcision in men has increased to 81% over the past decade. In an important new study just published in advance in Mayo Clinic Proceedings authors from Australia and the United States have shown that the benefits of infant male circumcision to health exceed the risks by over 100 to 1. Brian Morris, Professor Emeritus in the School of Medical Sciences at the University of Sydney and his colleagues in Florida and Minnesota found that over their lifetime half of uncircumcised males will contract an adverse medical condition caused by their foreskin. Continue reading