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Prebiotic may help patients with intestinal failure grow new and better gut

Prebiotic may help patients with intestinal failure grow new and better gut

ScienceDaily (Oct. 15, 2012) — Adding the right prebiotic to the diets of pediatric patients with intestinal failure could replace intravenous feeding, says a new University of Illinois study. “When we fed the carbohydrate fructooligosacharide (FOS) as a prebiotic, the gut grew and increased in function,” said Kelly A. Continue reading

Minutes of hard exercise can lead to all-day calorie burn

Minutes of hard exercise can lead to all-day calorie burn

ScienceDaily (Oct. 10, 2012) — Time spent in the drudgery of strenuous exercise is a well-documented turn-off for many people who want to get in better shape. In a new study, researchers show that exercisers can burn as many as 200 extra calories in as little as 2.5 minutes of concentrated effort a day — as long as they intersperse longer periods of easy recovery in a practice known as sprint interval training. Continue reading

Exercise could fortify immune system against future cancers

Exercise could fortify immune system against future cancers

ScienceDaily (Oct. 10, 2012) — Researchers may soon be able to add yet another item to the list of exercise’s well-documented health benefits: A preliminary study suggests that when cancer survivors exercise for several weeks after they finish chemotherapy, their immune systems remodel themselves to become more effective, potentially fending off future incidents of cancer. The finding may help explain why exercise can significantly reduce the chances of secondary cancers in survivors or reduce the chances of cancer altogether in people who have never had the disease. Continue reading

Exercise helps ease premature cardiovascular aging caused by type 2 diabetes

Exercise helps ease premature cardiovascular aging caused by type 2 diabetes

ScienceDaily (Oct. 10, 2012) — One of life’s certainties is that everyone ages. Continue reading

Nerve and muscle activity vary across menstrual cycle

Nerve and muscle activity vary across menstrual cycle

ScienceDaily (Oct. 10, 2012) — Numerous studies have shown that female athletes are more likely to get knee injuries, especially anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears and chronic pain, than their male counterparts. While previous research has focused on biomechanical differences as the main source of these problems, a new study suggests another distinction that could play a role: changes across the menstrual cycle in nerves that control muscle activity Continue reading

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012 awarded for discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012 awarded for discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent

ScienceDaily (Oct. 8, 2012) — The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has decided to award The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012 jointly to John B Continue reading

Toward an artificial pancreas: Math modeling and diabetes control

Toward an artificial pancreas: Math modeling and diabetes control

ScienceDaily (Oct. Continue reading

Anthropologist finds evidence of hominin meat eating 1.5 million years ago: Eating meat may have ‘made us human’

Anthropologist finds evidence of hominin meat eating 1.5 million years ago: Eating meat may have ‘made us human’

ScienceDaily (Oct. 3, 2012) — A skull fragment unearthed by anthropologists in Tanzania shows that our ancient ancestors were eating meat at least 1.5 million years ago, shedding new light into the evolution of human physiology and brain development. “Meat eating has always been considered one of the things that made us human, with the protein contributing to the growth of our brains,” said Charles Musiba, Ph.D., associate professor of anthropology at the University of Colorado Denver, who helped make the discovery. Continue reading

Early humans began eating meat earlier than thought: Oldest known evidence of anemia caused by a nutritional deficiency

Early humans began eating meat earlier than thought: Oldest known evidence of anemia caused by a nutritional deficiency

ScienceDaily (Oct. 3, 2012) — A fragment of a child’s skull discovered at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania shows the oldest known evidence of anemia caused by a nutritional deficiency, reports a new paper published Oct Continue reading

Obese brain may thwart weight loss: Diets high in saturated fat, refined sugar may cause brain changes that fuel overconsumption

Obese brain may thwart weight loss: Diets high in saturated fat, refined sugar may cause brain changes that fuel overconsumption

ScienceDaily (Oct. 1, 2012) — “Betcha can’t eat just one!” For obese people trying to lose weight, advertising slogans such as this one hit a bit too close to home as it describes the daily battle to resist high calorie foods Continue reading