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Removing gall bladder for suspected common duct stone shows benefit

Removing gall bladder for suspected common duct stone shows benefit

Among patients with possible common duct stones, removal of the gall bladder, compared with endoscopic assessment of the common duct followed by gall bladder removal, resulted in a shorter length of hospital stay without increased illness and fewer common duct examinations, according to a study in the July 9 issue of JAMA . Continue reading

Expectant moms turn to internet for pregnancy advice more than they would like

Expectant moms turn to internet for pregnancy advice more than they would like

Pregnant women are using the Internet to seek answers to their medical questions more often than they would like, say Penn State researchers. “We found that first-time moms were upset that their first prenatal visit did not occur until eight weeks into pregnancy,” said Jennifer L. Kraschnewski, assistant professor of medicine and public health sciences, Penn State College of Medicine Continue reading

Of non-marijuana drug users in the ER, nearly all are problem drug users

Of non-marijuana drug users in the ER, nearly all are problem drug users

Of emergency patients who reported any drug other than marijuana as their primary drug of use, 90.7 percent met the criteria for problematic drug use. Among patients who reported cannabis (marijuana) as their primary drug, almost half (46.6 percent) met the criteria for having a drug problem, according to a study published online in Annals of Emergency Medicine. “Of patients who reported any drug use in the previous 30 days, nearly two-thirds were identified as problem drug users,” said lead study author Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos, MD, MPH, or the Department of Emergency Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Mass Continue reading

Time of day crucial to accurately test for diseases, new research finds

Time of day crucial to accurately test for diseases, new research finds

A new study published in the journal PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences) , has found that time of day and sleep deprivation have a significant effect on our metabolism. The finding could be crucial when looking at the best time of day to test for diseases such as cancer and heart disease, and for administering medicines effectively Continue reading

Temperament may contribute to cardiac complications in high blood pressure

Temperament may contribute to cardiac complications in high blood pressure

Temperament has been traditionally associated with high blood pressure. A new study that has appeared in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics has substantiated this issue. Continue reading

Biochemical cascade causes bone marrow inflammation, leading to serious blood disorders

Biochemical cascade causes bone marrow inflammation, leading to serious blood disorders

Like a line of falling dominos, a cascade of molecular events in the bone marrow produces high levels of inflammation that disrupt normal blood formation and lead to potentially deadly disorders including leukemia, an Indiana University-led research team has reported. The discovery, published by the journal Cell Stem Cell , points the way to potential new strategies to treat the blood disorders and further illuminates the relationship between inflammation and cancer, said lead investigator Nadia Carlesso, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of pediatrics at the Indiana University School of Medicine. Continue reading

Sweet genes: New way found by which metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA

Sweet genes: New way found by which metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA

A research team at the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta have discovered a new way by which metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA, the basis of our genetic code. The findings may have important implications for the understanding of many common diseases, including cancer. Continue reading

Women veterans want options, follow up support when dealing with intimate partner violence

Women veterans want options, follow up support when dealing with intimate partner violence

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant health issue faced by women veterans, but little has been known up until now about their preferences for IPV-related care. A new study has found that most of these women support routine screening for IPV and want options, follow-up support, transparent documentation and Veterans Health Administration (VHA) and community resources. These findings appear in the journal Research in Nursing and Health Continue reading

Genetic link to autism found, known as CHD8 mutation

Genetic link to autism found, known as CHD8 mutation

In a collaboration involving 13 institutions around the world, researchers have broken new ground in understanding what causes autism. The results are being published in Cell magazine July 3, 2014: “Disruptive CHD8 Mutations Define a Subtype of Autism in Early Development.” “We finally got a clear cut case of an autism specific gene,” said Raphael Bernier, the lead author, and UW associate professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and the clinical director of the Autism Center at Seattle Children’s. Continue reading

New strategy could uncover genes at the root of psychiatric illnesses

New strategy could uncover genes at the root of psychiatric illnesses

Understanding the basis of psychiatric disorders has been extremely challenging because there are many genetic variants that may increase risk but are insufficient to cause disease. Now investigators reporting in the July 3rd issue of the Cell Press journal Cell Stem Cell describe a strategy that may help reveal how such “subthreshold” genetic risks interact with other risk factors or environmental exposures to affect the development of the nervous system Continue reading