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Pediatricians call for a Vitamin K tracking system for babies not getting shots

Pediatricians call for a Vitamin K tracking system for babies not getting shots

Doctors at Monroe Carell Jr. Children’s Hospital at Vanderbilt have seen a rise in late-onset vitamin K deficiency bleeding in young infants due to parents declining the shot at birth Continue reading

Stem cells from some infertile men form germ cells when transplanted into mice

Stem cells from some infertile men form germ cells when transplanted into mice

Stem cells made from the skin of adult, infertile men yield primordial germ cells — cells that normally become sperm — when transplanted into the reproductive system of mice, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Montana State University. The infertile men in the study each had a type of genetic mutation that prevented them from making mature sperm — a condition called azoospermia. The research suggests that the men with azoospermia may have had germ cells at some point in their early lives, but lost them as they matured to adulthood Continue reading

Brain, cognitive reserve protect long-term against cognitive decline, MS researchers find

Brain, cognitive reserve protect long-term against cognitive decline, MS researchers find

Multiple sclerosis researchers have found that brain reserve and cognitive reserve confer a long-term protective effect against cognitive decline. James Sumowski, PhD, lead author of the article, and John DeLuca, PhD, are at Kessler Foundation. Co-authors are from the Manhattan Memory Center, New York, NY, the San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy, and the University of Belgrade, Serbia. Continue reading

MRI-guided biopsy for brain cancer improves diagnosis

MRI-guided biopsy for brain cancer improves diagnosis

Neurosurgeons at UC San Diego Heath System have, for the first time, combined real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology with novel non-invasive cellular mapping techniques to develop a new biopsy approach that increases the accuracy of diagnosis for patients with brain cancer. “There are many different types of brain cancer. Making an accurate diagnosis is paramount because the diagnosis dictates the subsequent course of treatment,” said Clark C Continue reading

In pitching injuries, the elbow is connected to the hip

In pitching injuries, the elbow is connected to the hip

New University of Florida research suggests that a pitcher’s elbow injury could be linked to movement in the hips. Dr Continue reading

Breath Analysis Offers Non-invasive Method to Detect Early Lung Cancer

Breath Analysis Offers Non-invasive Method to Detect Early Lung Cancer

Researchers at the University of Louisville School of Medicine are using breath analysis to detect the presence of lung cancer. Preliminary data indicate that this promising noninvasive tool offers the sensitivity of PET scanning, and has almost twice the specificity of PET for distinguishing patients with benign lung disease from those with early stage cancer. Michael Bousamra II, MD, Associate Professor, Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, is presenting the results of the study at the AATS 2014 Conference on April 29, 2014 Continue reading

Breath Analysis Offers Non-invasive Method to Detect Early Lung Cancer

Breath Analysis Offers Non-invasive Method to Detect Early Lung Cancer

Researchers at the University of Louisville School of Medicine are using breath analysis to detect the presence of lung cancer. Preliminary data indicate that this promising noninvasive tool offers the sensitivity of PET scanning, and has almost twice the specificity of PET for distinguishing patients with benign lung disease from those with early stage cancer. Michael Bousamra II, MD, Associate Professor, Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, is presenting the results of the study at the AATS 2014 Conference on April 29, 2014. Continue reading

Brain tumor cells penetrated by tiny, degradable particles carrying genetic instructions

Brain tumor cells penetrated by tiny, degradable particles carrying genetic instructions

Working together, Johns Hopkins biomedical engineers and neurosurgeons report that they have created tiny, biodegradable “nanoparticles” able to carry DNA to brain cancer cells in mice. The team says the results of their proof of principle experiment suggest that such particles loaded with “death genes” might one day be given to brain cancer patients during neurosurgery to selectively kill off any remaining tumor cells without damaging normal brain tissue Continue reading

Neurologists report on promise of statins, estrogen, telemedicine in Parkinson’s

Neurologists report on promise of statins, estrogen, telemedicine in Parkinson’s

A trio of studies from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania demonstrate new approaches to understanding, treating and potentially staving off Parkinson’s disease (PD). Studies show that factors such as estrogen exposure and statin use have an impact on the onset of Parkinson’s disease. And a new look at telemedicine demonstrates feasibility in providing care for Parkinson’s patients using remote video visits to expand access and center care around the needs of Parkinson’s patients. Continue reading

Revolutionary ‘metamaterial’ has potential to reshape neurosurgery

Revolutionary ‘metamaterial’ has potential to reshape neurosurgery

The development of graphene — a highly advanced metamaterial with many unique and varied properties — may lead to exciting new applications in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases, according to a report in the May issue of Neurosurgery , official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Continue reading