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Smoking affects heart surgery outcome even a year after quitting

Smoking affects heart surgery outcome even a year after quitting

Jan. 2, 2013 — Smoking cessation even a year prior to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery does not fully normalize the changes smoking has made to the saphenous (leg) veins used for the surgery and may lead to later graft failure, according to a study published in the January 2013 issue of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Continue reading

Immune system changes may drive aggressiveness of recurrent tumors

Immune system changes may drive aggressiveness of recurrent tumors

Dec. 26, 2012 — Nearly half of the 700,000 cancer patients who undergo surgical removal of a primary tumor each year suffer a recurrence of their disease at some point, and many of those patients will eventually die from their disease. Continue reading

Immune system changes may drive aggressiveness of recurrent tumors

Immune system changes may drive aggressiveness of recurrent tumors

Dec. 26, 2012 — Nearly half of the 700,000 cancer patients who undergo surgical removal of a primary tumor each year suffer a recurrence of their disease at some point, and many of those patients will eventually die from their disease. Continue reading

High Levels of Blood-Based Protein Specific to Mesothelioma

High Levels of Blood-Based Protein Specific to Mesothelioma

ScienceDaily (Oct. 10, 2012) — Researchers at NYU School of Medicine have discovered the protein product of a little-known gene may one day prove useful in identifying and monitoring the development of mesothelioma in early stages, when aggressive treatment can have an impact on the progression of disease and patient prognosis Continue reading

Surgeons pilot expandable prosthetic valves for congenital heart disease

Surgeons pilot expandable prosthetic valves for congenital heart disease

ScienceDaily (Oct. 3, 2012) — Surgeons at Boston Children’s Hospital have successfully implanted a modified version of a expandable prosthetic heart valve in several children with mitral valve disease. Continue reading

Anemia negatively impacts heart surgery outcomes, study finds

Anemia negatively impacts heart surgery outcomes, study finds

ScienceDaily (Oct. 1, 2012) — Anemia is now confirmed as a risk factor for illness and even death following cardiac surgery, according to a study published in the October 2012 issue of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery Continue reading

Key immune cell may play role in lung cancer susceptibility

Key immune cell may play role in lung cancer susceptibility

ScienceDaily (Sep. 21, 2012) — Why do many heavy smokers evade lung cancer while others who have never lit up die of the disease? The question has vexed scientists for decades. Continue reading

Wine for swine: Pig study shows that wine has more cardiovascular benefits than vodka

Wine for swine: Pig study shows that wine has more cardiovascular benefits than vodka

ScienceDaily (Sep. 10, 2012) — The next time you call someone a drunken pig, remember this study. Continue reading

New device to replace aortic valve in patients who can’t have open-heart surgery

New device to replace aortic valve in patients who can’t have open-heart surgery

ScienceDaily (Aug. 15, 2012) — UCLA has performed its first transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), using a new device approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to replace an aortic valve in a patient who was not a candidate for open-heart surgery. Continue reading

Scientists find molecule to starve lung cancer and improve ventilator recovery

Scientists find molecule to starve lung cancer and improve ventilator recovery

ScienceDaily (July 6, 2012) — A new research report published online in the FASEB Journal reveals a connection among sugar, cancer, and dependence on breathing machines–microRNA-320a. In the report, Stanford scientists show that the molecule microRNA-320a is responsible for helping control glycolysis. Glycolysis is the process of converting sugar into energy, which fuels the growth of some cancers, and contributes to the wasting of unused muscles such as the diaphragm when people are using ventilators. Continue reading