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Potential risk factors for urinary tract infections in young girls

Potential risk factors for urinary tract infections in young girls

Young girls with an intense, red, itchy rash on their outer genital organs may be at increased risk of developing urinary tract infections (UTIs), according to new research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. The treatment may be as simple as better hygiene and avoiding potential irritants such as bubble baths and swimming pools Continue reading

Children with autism have extra synapses in brain: May be possible to prune synapses with drug after diagnosis

Children with autism have extra synapses in brain: May be possible to prune synapses with drug after diagnosis

Children and adolescents with autism have a surplus of synapses in the brain, and this excess is due to a slowdown in a normal brain “pruning” process during development, according to a study by neuroscientists at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC). Continue reading

Missing Protein Restored in Patients with Muscular Dystrophy

Missing Protein Restored in Patients with Muscular Dystrophy

When muscle cell membranes are damaged, the repair protein dysferlin is activated and reseals muscle membrane tears. If this repair protein is altered due to a genetic mutation, the body’s own “quality control” system (the so called proteasome) identifies the protein as being defective and eliminates it. Continue reading

Surprising differences in how teen athletes experience concussion

Surprising differences in how teen athletes experience concussion

With multiple concussions between the two of them, Dan Han and Lisa Koehl’s latest research interest isn’t surprising. “I played competitive soccer through high school and continue to play recreationally,” says Koehl, a doctoral candidate in the University of Kentucky’s Department of Psychology, “so I have firsthand experience with the dynamics that come into play when a teen suffers a concussion.” As a former high school assistant principal in the Chicago public school system, Han was responsible for overseeing student-athletes’ return to school after a concussion. Han left educational administration to pursue his doctorate in neuropsychology Continue reading

Tests to Diagnose Invasive Aspergillosis with 100% Accuracy

Tests to Diagnose Invasive Aspergillosis with 100% Accuracy

The fungal infection invasive aspergillosis (IA) can be life threatening, especially in patients whose immune systems are weakened by chemotherapy or immunosuppressive drugs. Despite the critical need for early detection, IA remains difficult to diagnose. A study in The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics compared three diagnostic tests and found that the combination of nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) detects aspergillosis with 100% accuracy. Continue reading

Less radical procedures offer similar cancer control compared to surgery for kidney cancer patients

Less radical procedures offer similar cancer control compared to surgery for kidney cancer patients

Needle-guided tumor destruction procedures offer near equivalent lengths of local cancer control compared to surgery for patients with small kidney cancer tumors, according to the results of a large study published in the journal European Urology . “If validated, these data suggest that an update to clinical guidelines would be warranted,” says the study’s lead author, R Continue reading

Focal blood-brain-barrier disruption with high-frequency pulsed electric fields

Focal blood-brain-barrier disruption with high-frequency pulsed electric fields

A team of researchers from the Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences have developed a new way of using electricity to open the blood-brain-barrier (BBB). Continue reading

Scientists confirm effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation in MS

Scientists confirm effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation in MS

Date: August 8, 2014 Source: Kessler Foundation Summary: In individuals with MS, patterns of brain activity associated with learning were maintained at six months post training, scientists report in a new article following up on a long term study. Continue reading

Scientists confirm effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation in MS

Scientists confirm effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation in MS

Date: August 8, 2014 Source: Kessler Foundation Summary: In individuals with MS, patterns of brain activity associated with learning were maintained at six months post training, scientists report in a new article following up on a long term study. For the pilot study, participants underwent evaluation of memory performance and brain activity at baseline, immediately following memory retraining, and at 6-month followup. Results showed that the patterns of increased cerebral activation that correlated with learning were maintained at 6-month followup Continue reading

Natural light in office boosts health

Natural light in office boosts health

Office workers with more light exposure at the office had longer sleep duration, better sleep quality, more physical activity and better quality of life compared to office workers with less light exposure in the workplace, reports a new study from Northwestern Medicine and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The study highlights the importance of exposure to natural light to employee health and the priority architectural designs of office environments should place on natural daylight exposure for workers, the study authors said. Employees with windows in the workplace received 173 percent more white light exposure during work hours and slept an average of 46 minutes more per night than employees who did not have the natural light exposure in the workplace. Continue reading