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Cardiac bypass surgery superior to non-surgical procedure for adults with diabetes and heart disease

Cardiac bypass surgery superior to non-surgical procedure for adults with diabetes and heart disease

ScienceDaily (Nov. 4, 2012) — Adults with diabetes and multi-vessel coronary heart disease who underwent cardiac bypass surgery had better overall heart-related outcomes than those who underwent an artery-opening procedure to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, according to the results from an international study Continue reading

High blood pressure damages the brain in early middle age

High blood pressure damages the brain in early middle age

ScienceDaily (Oct. 31, 2012) — Uncontrolled high blood pressure damages the brain’s structure and function as early as young middle-age, and even the brains of middle-aged people who clinically would not be considered to have hypertension have evidence of silent structural brain damage, a study led by researchers at UC Davis has found. Continue reading

Potential way to repair brain damage in multiple sclerosis

Potential way to repair brain damage in multiple sclerosis

ScienceDaily (Oct. 31, 2012) — Researchers at Oregon Health & Science University have discovered that blocking a certain enzyme in the brain can help repair the brain damage associated with multiple sclerosis and a range of other neurological disorders. The discovery could have major implications for multiple sclerosis, complications from premature birth and other disorders and diseases caused by demyelination — a process where the insulation-like sheath surrounding nerve cells in the brain becomes damaged or destroyed Continue reading

Potential way to repair brain damage in multiple sclerosis

Potential way to repair brain damage in multiple sclerosis

ScienceDaily (Oct. 31, 2012) — Researchers at Oregon Health & Science University have discovered that blocking a certain enzyme in the brain can help repair the brain damage associated with multiple sclerosis and a range of other neurological disorders. Continue reading

For many prostate cancer patients, web sites are too difficult to read

For many prostate cancer patients, web sites are too difficult to read

ScienceDaily (Oct. 29, 2012) — Ninety million American adults read below high school levels, so the National Institutes of Health recommends that patient-education materials be written at the fourth-through-six grade level Continue reading

Migraine in children may affect school performance

Migraine in children may affect school performance

ScienceDaily (Oct. 29, 2012) — Children with migraine are more likely to have below average school performance than kids who do not have headaches, according to new research published in the October 30, 2012, print issue of Neurology ®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study of 5,671 Brazilian children ages 5 to 12 found that those with migraine were 30 percent more likely to have below average school performance than those with no headaches Continue reading

Precisely targeted electrical brain stimulation alters perception of faces, study finds

Precisely targeted electrical brain stimulation alters perception of faces, study finds

ScienceDaily (Oct. 23, 2012) — In a painless clinical procedure performed on a patient with electrodes temporarily implanted in his brain, Stanford University doctors pinpointed two nerve clusters that are critical for face perception Continue reading

Promising new biomarker for aggressiveness of prostate cancer

Promising new biomarker for aggressiveness of prostate cancer

ScienceDaily (Oct. 23, 2012) — Research out of Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI) supports the adoption of a new biomarker to measure the aggressiveness of primary prostate tumors. A team of investigators from three institutions, led by Shahriar Koochekpour, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Cancer Genetics, Urology and Oncology in RPCI’s Department of Cancer Genetics, has for the first time produced data showing that levels of serum glutamate, a naturally occurring nonessential amino acid that plays a key role in cancer metabolism, are increased in patients with primary and metastatic prostate cancer Continue reading