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New tool assesses skill development in robotic microsurgery

New tool assesses skill development in robotic microsurgery

A new standardized assessment provides a useful tool for tracking surgeons’ progress as they develop the skills needed to perform robot-assisted microsurgery, reports a study in the October issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery® , the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). “The Structured Assessment of Robotic Microsurgical Skills (SARMS) is the first validated instrument for assessing robotic microsurgical skills,” according to the report by ASPS Member Surgeon Dr Jesse C Continue reading

New guidelines issued for managing peri- and postoperative atrial fibrillation

New guidelines issued for managing peri- and postoperative atrial fibrillation

The American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS) has released new evidence-based guidelines for the prevention and treatment of perioperative and postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) and flutter for thoracic surgical procedures. The guidelines are published in The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Continue reading

New guidelines issued for managing peri- and postoperative atrial fibrillation

New guidelines issued for managing peri- and postoperative atrial fibrillation

The American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS) has released new evidence-based guidelines for the prevention and treatment of perioperative and postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) and flutter for thoracic surgical procedures. Continue reading

Pigs’ hearts transplanted into baboon hosts remain viable more than a year

Pigs’ hearts transplanted into baboon hosts remain viable more than a year

Investigators from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have successfully transplanted hearts from genetically engineered piglets into baboons’ abdomens and had the hearts survive for more than one year, twice as long as previously reported. This was achieved by using genetically engineered porcine donors and a more focused immunosuppression regimen in the baboon recipients, according to a study published in The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery , an official publication of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Cardiac transplantation is the treatment of choice for end stage heart failure. Continue reading

Minimally invasive heart stents prove safer

Minimally invasive heart stents prove safer

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have documented the safety benefits of aortic stent grafts inserted during minimally invasive surgery to repair abdominal aortic aneurysms – weaknesses in the body’s largest artery that can rupture, causing potentially lethal internal bleeding. The study, published July 9 in JAMA Surgery , shows that patients who received the minimally invasive aortic repair procedure had a 42 percent reduction in preventable post-operative complications and a 72 percent reduction in mortality, compared with those who had undergone open repair surgery. The safety of the endovascular “inside blood vessel” procedure also appears to be improving over time, as researchers documented a 37 percent reduction in the likelihood of an avoidable complication between 2003 and 2010. Continue reading

Surgeons report fewer postoperative blood clots using risk-based preventive measures

Surgeons report fewer postoperative blood clots using risk-based preventive measures

Surgery patients are much less likely to get a blood clot in the lower extremities or lungs if they receive preventive treatment based on their individual clotting risk, in addition to walking soon after the operation. Results from a surgical quality improvement study, appearing in the June issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons, indicate that the odds of this common and potentially life-threatening postoperative complication steadily declined after the implementation of a multicomponent prevention program in a hospital’s department of surgery. Researchers at Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., reported that they lowered the frequency of deep venous thromboses — blood clots in a deep vein, usually in a lower extremity — by 84 percent two years after the prevention efforts began, compared with the results two years before the program Continue reading

Five lung transplants performed at hospital in 24 hours

Five lung transplants performed at hospital in 24 hours

Loyola University Medical Center recently performed five successful lung transplants in just over 24 hours. Put in perspective, five is the average number of lung transplants performed each day throughout the entire country. The patients, all doing well, are a teacher, a judge, an executive director, a grandmother and an extraordinary young woman who beat very long odds to undergo a second lung transplant in three years Continue reading

Baby’s life saved after 3-D printed devices were implanted restore his breathing

Baby’s life saved after 3-D printed devices were implanted restore his breathing

In his 18 months of life, Garrett Peterson has never gone home, spending his days in hospital beds tethered to ventilators that even at the highest settings couldn’t prevent his breathing from periodically stopping. His condition was so tenuous that often his parents could not hold him for fear of compromising his breathing. But after surgeons at the University of Michigan’s C.S. Continue reading

‘Fountain of youth’ technique rejuvenates aging stem cells

‘Fountain of youth’ technique rejuvenates aging stem cells

ScienceDaily (Nov. 27, 2012) — A new method of growing cardiac tissue is teaching old stem cells new tricks. Continue reading

Surgeons pilot expandable prosthetic valves for congenital heart disease

Surgeons pilot expandable prosthetic valves for congenital heart disease

ScienceDaily (Oct. 3, 2012) — Surgeons at Boston Children’s Hospital have successfully implanted a modified version of a expandable prosthetic heart valve in several children with mitral valve disease. Continue reading