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Tag Archives: Aids

Offering option of initial HIV care at home increases use of antiretroviral therapy

Offering option of initial HIV care at home increases use of antiretroviral therapy

LSTM Researchers found that offering adults in Malawi optional home initiation of care following HIV self-testing resulted in a significant increase in the proportion of adults initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) compared with standard HIV care. The results are part of a study that was funded by the Wellcome Trust and published in the July 23/30 issue of JAMA , which is HIV/AIDS themed and released early to coincide with the International AIDS Conference taking place in Melbourne, Australia next week. In 2012 it was estimated that 35 million people worldwide were living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Continue reading

Growth hormone analog may reduce risk of fatty liver disease in HIV-infected patients

Growth hormone analog may reduce risk of fatty liver disease in HIV-infected patients

In a preliminary study, HIV-infected patients with excess abdominal fat who received the growth hormone-releasing hormone analog tesamorelin for 6 months experienced modest reductions in liver fat, according to a study in the July 23/30 issue of JAMA , a theme issue on HIV/AIDS. Patients infected with HIV demonstrate a high prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, estimated at 30 percent to 40 percent Continue reading

Combination treatment for hep C associated with favorable response among HIV patients

Combination treatment for hep C associated with favorable response among HIV patients

HIV-infected patients also infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) who received a combination of the medications sofosbuvir plus ribavirin had high rates of sustained HCV virologic response 12 weeks after cessation of therapy, according to a study in the July 23/30 issue of JAMA , a theme issue on HIV/AIDS. The issue is being released early to coincide with the International AIDS Conference Continue reading

Causes of death shifting in people with HIV

Causes of death shifting in people with HIV

HIV-positive adults in high income countries face a substantially reduced risk of death from AIDS-related causes, cardiovascular disease, and liver disease compared with a decade ago, according to a large international study published in The Lancet. The study which involved nearly 50,000 HIV-positive adults receiving care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) at more than 200 clinics across Europe, USA, and Australia found that overall death rates have almost halved since 1999, while deaths due to AIDS-related causes and cardiovascular disease have declined by around 65% and liver-related deaths by more than 50%. Although deaths from most causes declined over the study period, there was no reduction in death rates from non-AIDS cancers which remained stable over time (1.6 deaths per 1000 years 1999-2000 to 2.1 in 2009-2011) Continue reading

Researchers relate arrests with HIV risk environment

Researchers relate arrests with HIV risk environment

Practices used in policing injection drug users in Russia might contribute to HIV transmission and overdose mortality. A study, conducted by researchers from Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health, in collaboration with St. Continue reading

Safety of fecal transplant to treat C. difficile examined in study

Safety of fecal transplant to treat C. difficile examined in study

Researchers have found that fecal transplantation is effective and safe for treating C. difficile in immunocompromised patients. This is the result of a study led by Colleen Kelly, M.D., a gastroenterologist in the Center for Women’s Gastrointestinal Medicine at The Women’s Medicine Collaborative Continue reading

Marijuana shows potential in treating autoimmune disease

Marijuana shows potential in treating autoimmune disease

A team of University of South Carolina researchers led by Mitzi Nagarkatti, Prakash Nagarkatti and Xiaoming Yang have discovered a novel pathway through which marijuana’s main active constituent, THC, can suppress the body’s immune functions. Their research has been published online in the Journal of Biological Chemistry . Marijuana is the most frequently used illicit drug in the United States, but as more states legalize the drug for medical and even recreational purposes, research studies like this one are discovering new and innovative potential health applications for the federal Schedule I drug. Continue reading

Marijuana shows potential in treating autoimmune disease

Marijuana shows potential in treating autoimmune disease

A team of University of South Carolina researchers led by Mitzi Nagarkatti, Prakash Nagarkatti and Xiaoming Yang have discovered a novel pathway through which marijuana’s main active constituent, THC, can suppress the body’s immune functions. Continue reading

Identification of central nervous system involvement for patients with AIDS-related lymphomas

Identification of central nervous system involvement for patients with AIDS-related lymphomas

Patients with AIDS-related lymphomas (ARL) may face an increased risk of central nervous system involvement (CNSi) compared to other lymphomas. The effect of CNSi on survival outcomes, however, hasn’t been thoroughly examined until now. In a new study led by Fox Chase Cancer Center Hematologist and Oncologist Stefan K Continue reading

Identification of central nervous system involvement for patients with AIDS-related lymphomas

Identification of central nervous system involvement for patients with AIDS-related lymphomas

Patients with AIDS-related lymphomas (ARL) may face an increased risk of central nervous system involvement (CNSi) compared to other lymphomas. The effect of CNSi on survival outcomes, however, hasn’t been thoroughly examined until now. In a new study led by Fox Chase Cancer Center Hematologist and Oncologist Stefan K Continue reading