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Growth hormone analog may reduce risk of fatty liver disease in HIV-infected patients

Growth hormone analog may reduce risk of fatty liver disease in HIV-infected patients

In a preliminary study, HIV-infected patients with excess abdominal fat who received the growth hormone-releasing hormone analog tesamorelin for 6 months experienced modest reductions in liver fat, according to a study in the July 23/30 issue of JAMA , a theme issue on HIV/AIDS. Patients infected with HIV demonstrate a high prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, estimated at 30 percent to 40 percent Continue reading

Combination treatment for hep C associated with favorable response among HIV patients

Combination treatment for hep C associated with favorable response among HIV patients

HIV-infected patients also infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) who received a combination of the medications sofosbuvir plus ribavirin had high rates of sustained HCV virologic response 12 weeks after cessation of therapy, according to a study in the July 23/30 issue of JAMA , a theme issue on HIV/AIDS. The issue is being released early to coincide with the International AIDS Conference Continue reading

Removing gall bladder for suspected common duct stone shows benefit

Removing gall bladder for suspected common duct stone shows benefit

Among patients with possible common duct stones, removal of the gall bladder, compared with endoscopic assessment of the common duct followed by gall bladder removal, resulted in a shorter length of hospital stay without increased illness and fewer common duct examinations, according to a study in the July 9 issue of JAMA . Continue reading

Role of cohesin in cancer revised by researcher

Role of cohesin in cancer revised by researcher

Massive sequencing of cancer genomes brings to light new genes every day that could be involved in the process of tumour formation. Continue reading

Nurses play critical role in responding to global resurgence of pertussis

Nurses play critical role in responding to global resurgence of pertussis

Concerted effort is needed to reverse the ongoing rise in pertussis cases and deaths, especially among children and young people, according to the article by Emily Peake, APRN, MSN, FNP-C, CLC, and Lisa K. McGuire, MSN, MBA-HCM, RN Continue reading

Mitochondrial DNA of first Near Eastern farmers is sequenced for the first time

Mitochondrial DNA of first Near Eastern farmers is sequenced for the first time

The mitochondrial DNA of the first Near Eastern farmers has been sequenced for the first time. In the research, published in the journal PLOS Genetics , experts analysed samples from three sites located in the birthplace of Neolithic agricultural practices: the Middle Euphrates basin and the oasis of Damascus, located in today’s Syria and date at about 8,000 BC. The paper is signed by Daniel Turbón and Alejandro Pérez Pérez, from the Department of Animal Biology of the University of Barcelona (UB); Eva Fernández, from Liverpool John Moores University; Cristina Gamba, Eduardo Arroyo Pardo and Pedro Cuesta, from Complutense University of Madrid; Eva Prats, from the Spanish National Research Council, and Josep Anfruns and Miquel Molist, from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB). Continue reading

Restoring trust in VA health care

Restoring trust in VA health care

In the wake of recent revelations of overly long patient wait times and systematic manipulation and falsification of reported wait-time data, UC Davis and Harvard public policy leaders believe the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health-care system’s problems can be fixed by strong leadership, greater transparency and reforms that refocus the organization on its primary mission of providing timely access to consistently high-quality care. In their Perspective article, published online in the New England Journal of Medicine , authors Kenneth W. Kizer and Ashish K Continue reading

Ban cigarette filters to save environment, suggest researchers

Ban cigarette filters to save environment, suggest researchers

Ban cigarette filters. Start a deposit-return scheme for used butts. Hold manufacturers responsible for clean-ups Continue reading

Medication does not lower risk of fungal infection, death among extremely below weight infants

Medication does not lower risk of fungal infection, death among extremely below weight infants

Use of the antifungal medication fluconazole for six weeks for extremely low birth-weight infants did not significantly reduce the risk of death or invasive candidiasis, a serious infection that occurs when candida (a type of fungus) enters the bloodstream and spreads through the body, according to a study in the May 7 issue of JAMA , a theme issue on child health. This issue is being released early to coincide with the Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting. Continue reading

Low rate of cholesterol testing for children, adolescents

Low rate of cholesterol testing for children, adolescents

Although some guidelines recommend lipid screening for children and adolescents of certain ages, data indicate that only about 3 percent are having their cholesterol tested during health visits, according to a study in the May 7 issue of JAMA , a theme issue on child health. This issue is being released early to coincide with the Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting. Abnormal lipid values occur in 1 in 5 U.S Continue reading