List/Grid

Tag Archives: biology

Breakthrough harnesses light for controlled chemical reaction

Breakthrough harnesses light for controlled chemical reaction

When chemist Tehshik Yoon looks out his office window, he sees a source of energy to drive chemical reactions. Plants “learned” to synthesize chemicals with sunlight eons ago; Yoon came to the field a bit more recently. But this week, in the journal Science , he and three collaborators detail a way to use sunlight and two catalysts to create molecules that are difficult to make with conventional techniques Continue reading

Tsetse fly genome reveals weaknesses: International 10-year project unravels biology of disease-causing fly

Tsetse fly genome reveals weaknesses: International 10-year project unravels biology of disease-causing fly

Mining the genome of the disease-transmitting tsetse fly, researchers have revealed the genetic adaptions that allow it to have such unique biology and transmit disease to both humans and animals. The tsetse fly spreads the parasitic diseases human African trypanosomiasis, known as sleeping sickness, and Nagana that infect humans and animals respectively. Throughout sub-Saharan Africa, 70 million people are currently at risk of deadly infection Continue reading

Tsetse fly genome reveals weaknesses: International 10-year project unravels biology of disease-causing fly

Tsetse fly genome reveals weaknesses: International 10-year project unravels biology of disease-causing fly

Mining the genome of the disease-transmitting tsetse fly, researchers have revealed the genetic adaptions that allow it to have such unique biology and transmit disease to both humans and animals. The tsetse fly spreads the parasitic diseases human African trypanosomiasis, known as sleeping sickness, and Nagana that infect humans and animals respectively. Throughout sub-Saharan Africa, 70 million people are currently at risk of deadly infection Continue reading

Scientists build new ‘off switch’ to shut down neural activity

Scientists build new ‘off switch’ to shut down neural activity

Nearly a decade ago, the era of optogenetics was ushered in with the development of channelrhodopsins, light-activated ion channels that can, with the flick of a switch, instantaneously turn on neurons in which they are genetically expressed. What has lagged behind, however, is the ability to use light to inactivate neurons with an equal level of reliability and efficiency. Now, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) scientists have used an analysis of channelrhodopsin’s molecular structure to guide a series of genetic mutations to the ion channel that grant the power to silence neurons with an unprecedented level of control Continue reading

Scientists build new ‘off switch’ to shut down neural activity

Scientists build new ‘off switch’ to shut down neural activity

Nearly a decade ago, the era of optogenetics was ushered in with the development of channelrhodopsins, light-activated ion channels that can, with the flick of a switch, instantaneously turn on neurons in which they are genetically expressed. What has lagged behind, however, is the ability to use light to inactivate neurons with an equal level of reliability and efficiency. Now, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) scientists have used an analysis of channelrhodopsin’s molecular structure to guide a series of genetic mutations to the ion channel that grant the power to silence neurons with an unprecedented level of control Continue reading

Why does breast cancer often spread to the lung? Experts explain

Why does breast cancer often spread to the lung? Experts explain

New research led by Alison Allan, PhD, a scientist at Western University and the Lawson Health Research Institute, shows why breast cancer often spreads or metastasizes to the lung. Breast cancer is the number one diagnosed cancer and the number two cause of cancer-related deaths among women in North America Continue reading

Why does breast cancer often spread to the lung? Experts explain

Why does breast cancer often spread to the lung? Experts explain

New research led by Alison Allan, PhD, a scientist at Western University and the Lawson Health Research Institute, shows why breast cancer often spreads or metastasizes to the lung. Breast cancer is the number one diagnosed cancer and the number two cause of cancer-related deaths among women in North America Continue reading

Large-scale identification, analysis of suppressive drug interactions

Large-scale identification, analysis of suppressive drug interactions

Baker’s yeast is giving scientists a better understanding of drug interactions, which are a major cause of hospitalization and illness world-wide. When two or more medications are taken at the same time, one can suppress or enhance the effectiveness of the other. Similarly, one drug may magnify the toxicity of another. Continue reading

Large-scale identification, analysis of suppressive drug interactions

Large-scale identification, analysis of suppressive drug interactions

Baker’s yeast is giving scientists a better understanding of drug interactions, which are a major cause of hospitalization and illness world-wide. When two or more medications are taken at the same time, one can suppress or enhance the effectiveness of the other. Similarly, one drug may magnify the toxicity of another. Continue reading

Blood cells reprogrammed into blood stem cells in mice

Blood cells reprogrammed into blood stem cells in mice

Researchers at Boston Children’s Hospital have reprogrammed mature blood cells from mice into blood-forming hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), using a cocktail of eight genetic switches called transcription factors. Continue reading