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Tag Archives: Body

Emergency aid for overdoses

Emergency aid for overdoses

Every minute counts in the event of an overdose. ETH professor Jean-Christophe Leroux and his team have developed an agent to filter out toxins from the body more quickly and efficiently Continue reading

Blood Test Helps Predict Relapse in Patients with Autoimmune Disease Affecting the Kidneys

Blood Test Helps Predict Relapse in Patients with Autoimmune Disease Affecting the Kidneys

In patients with an autoimmune disease that often involves the kidneys, monitoring the blood for autoantibodies may help doctors predict the chance of relapse. The findings are from a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology ( JASN ). Such measures may help protect patients’ kidney health. Continue reading

Personalized ovarian cancer vaccines developed

Personalized ovarian cancer vaccines developed

Researchers at the University of Connecticut have found a new way to identify protein mutations in cancer cells. The novel method is being used to develop personalized vaccines to treat patients with ovarian cancer. Continue reading

Diabetic men with low testosterone run higher risk of developing atherosclerosis

Diabetic men with low testosterone run higher risk of developing atherosclerosis

Men who have low testosterone and Type 2 diabetes face a greater risk of developing atherosclerosis — a condition where plaque builds up in the arteries — than men who have diabetes and normal testosterone levels, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism ( JCEM ). Atherosclerosis occurs when fats, cholesterol and other substances build up in and on the walls of the body’s arteries. This can restrict blood flow through the body’s blood vessels. Continue reading

Molecular ‘breadcrumb trail’ that helps melanoma spread found

Molecular ‘breadcrumb trail’ that helps melanoma spread found

Cancer Researchers UK scientists have discovered that melanoma cells are drawn to follow the ‘trail’ of a naturally-occurring molecule in the body, which directs this serious type of skin cancer to spread, according to research published in PLOS Biology . The team at the Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute at the University of Glasgow, revealed that melanoma cells give themselves the ‘green light’ to move using the molecule — a type of fatty chemical called lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). This signal prompts them to travel and spread in the body. Continue reading

How metastases develop in the liver

How metastases develop in the liver

In order to invade healthy tissue, tumor cells must leave the actual tumor and enter the bloodstream or lymphatic system. Continue reading

Chemical derived from broccoli sprouts shows promise in treating autism

Chemical derived from broccoli sprouts shows promise in treating autism

Results of a small clinical trial suggest that a chemical derived from broccoli sprouts — and best known for claims that it can help prevent certain cancers — may ease classic behavioral symptoms in those with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The study, a joint effort by scientists at MassGeneral Hospital for Children and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, involved 40 teenage boys and young men, ages 13 to 27, with moderate to severe autism. In a report published online in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences during the week of Oct Continue reading

Chemical derived from broccoli sprouts shows promise in treating autism

Chemical derived from broccoli sprouts shows promise in treating autism

Results of a small clinical trial suggest that a chemical derived from broccoli sprouts — and best known for claims that it can help prevent certain cancers — may ease classic behavioral symptoms in those with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The study, a joint effort by scientists at MassGeneral Hospital for Children and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, involved 40 teenage boys and young men, ages 13 to 27, with moderate to severe autism. In a report published online in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences during the week of Oct Continue reading

Epigenetic changes caused by binge drinking: Overconsumption of alcohol triggers inflammatory response in the liver

Epigenetic changes caused by binge drinking: Overconsumption of alcohol triggers inflammatory response in the liver

Researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine have identified epigenetic protein changes caused by binge drinking, a discovery that could lead to treatments for alcohol-related liver diseases. “We know that chronic alcohol use is damaging to the liver, but binge drinking amplifies that damage,” said Shivendra Shukla, PhD, Margaret Proctor Mulligan Professor at the MU School of Medicine and lead author of the study. Excessive alcohol use is one of the most common causes of chronic liver failure. Continue reading

‘Cyberwar’ against cancer gets a boost from intelligent nanocarriers

‘Cyberwar’ against cancer gets a boost from intelligent nanocarriers

Two years ago, Prof. Eshel Ben-Jacob of Tel Aviv University’s School of Physics and Astronomy and Rice University’s Center for Theoretical Biological Physics made the startling discovery that cancer, like an enemy hacker in cyberspace, targets the body’s communication network to inflict widespread damage on the entire system. Continue reading