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Public smoking bans linked with rapid fall in preterm births, child hospital visits for asthma

Public smoking bans linked with rapid fall in preterm births, child hospital visits for asthma

The introduction of laws banning smoking in public places and workplaces in North America and Europe has been quickly followed by large drops in rates of preterm births and children attending hospital for asthma, according to the first systematic review and meta-analysis examining the effect of smoke-free legislation on child health, published in The Lancet. The analysis of 11 studies done in North America and Europe, involving more than 2.5 million births, and nearly 250 000 asthma exacerbations, showed that rates of both preterm births and hospital attendance for asthma were reduced by 10% within a year of smoke-free laws coming into effect. Continue reading

Public smoking bans linked with rapid fall in preterm births, child hospital visits for asthma

Public smoking bans linked with rapid fall in preterm births, child hospital visits for asthma

The introduction of laws banning smoking in public places and workplaces in North America and Europe has been quickly followed by large drops in rates of preterm births and children attending hospital for asthma, according to the first systematic review and meta-analysis examining the effect of smoke-free legislation on child health, published in The Lancet. The analysis of 11 studies done in North America and Europe, involving more than 2.5 million births, and nearly 250 000 asthma exacerbations, showed that rates of both preterm births and hospital attendance for asthma were reduced by 10% within a year of smoke-free laws coming into effect Continue reading

Cancer researchers find key protein link

Cancer researchers find key protein link

A new understanding of proteins at the nexus of a cell’s decision to survive or die has implications for researchers who study cancer and age-related diseases, according to biophysicists at the Rice University-based Center for Theoretical Biological Physics (CTBP). Experiments and computer analysis of two key proteins revealed a previously unknown binding interface that could be addressed by medication. Results of the research appear this week in an open-source paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Continue reading

No correlation between medical marijuana legalization, crime increase: Legalization may reduce homicide, assault rates

No correlation between medical marijuana legalization, crime increase: Legalization may reduce homicide, assault rates

The legalization of medical marijuana has sparked debate across the nation for decades. Some have argued that medical marijuana’s legalization will lead to higher crime rates Continue reading

No correlation between medical marijuana legalization, crime increase: Legalization may reduce homicide, assault rates

No correlation between medical marijuana legalization, crime increase: Legalization may reduce homicide, assault rates

The legalization of medical marijuana has sparked debate across the nation for decades. Continue reading

Autism begins in pregnancy, according to study: Cortical layers disrupted during brain development in autism

Autism begins in pregnancy, according to study: Cortical layers disrupted during brain development in autism

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the Allen Institute for Brain Science have published a study that gives clear and direct new evidence that autism begins during pregnancy. The study will be published in the March 27 online edition of the New England Journal of Medicine . The researchers — Eric Courchesne, PhD, professor of neurosciences and director of the Autism Center of Excellence at UC San Diego, Ed S. Continue reading

Autism begins in pregnancy, according to study: Cortical layers disrupted during brain development in autism

Autism begins in pregnancy, according to study: Cortical layers disrupted during brain development in autism

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the Allen Institute for Brain Science have published a study that gives clear and direct new evidence that autism begins during pregnancy. The study will be published in the March 27 online edition of the New England Journal of Medicine . Continue reading

Biological testing tool, ScanDrop, tests in fraction of time and cost of industry standard

Biological testing tool, ScanDrop, tests in fraction of time and cost of industry standard

Northeastern University professor of pharmaceutical sciences, Tania Konry, has developed a single instrument that can conduct a wide range of biological scans in a fraction of the time and cost of industry standard equipment. Continue reading

Patient safety merits new review for modified medical devices, physician says

Patient safety merits new review for modified medical devices, physician says

For patient safety, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) should require that clinical data be submitted as part of a more rigorous re-evaluation of medical devices that are modified after approval, according to UC San Francisco physician scientists in a commentary published online March 24, 2014 in the Annals of Internal Medicine . Continue reading

Cold snare polypectomy effective for removal of small colorectal polyps in patients on anticoagulants

Cold snare polypectomy effective for removal of small colorectal polyps in patients on anticoagulants

In recognition of National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month, GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy has published a special issue for March on colorectal cancer. The issue includes a new study that compares cold snare polypectomy with conventional polypectomy for the removal of small colorectal polyps in anticoagulated patients. Continue reading