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Tag Archives: Characteristics

Fewer women than men receive hemodialysis treatment

Fewer women than men receive hemodialysis treatment

Fewer women than men are treated with dialysis for end-stage kidney disease, according to a new comprehensive analysis of sex-specific differences in treatment published this week in PLOS Medicine . The results of the study, conducted by Manfred Hecking with Friedrich Port and colleagues from Arbor Research Collaborative for Health in Ann Arbor, Michigan, suggest that these findings call for further detailed study for the reasons underlying the sex-specific differences in end-stage renal disease treatment. Chronic kidney disease often progresses to end-stage renal disease, which is treated by regular hemodialysis (a process in which blood is purified by passing it through a filtration machine) or by kidney transplantation. Continue reading

Bar attendance supports heavy drinking by young adults in the US-Mexico border region

Bar attendance supports heavy drinking by young adults in the US-Mexico border region

Due to a legal drinking age of 18 years, cheaper alcohol, and marketing tactics of local bars that specifically target youth, Mexico is an attractive and geographically nearby destination where younger U.S. residents legally drink heavily Continue reading

Bar attendance supports heavy drinking by young adults in the US-Mexico border region

Bar attendance supports heavy drinking by young adults in the US-Mexico border region

Due to a legal drinking age of 18 years, cheaper alcohol, and marketing tactics of local bars that specifically target youth, Mexico is an attractive and geographically nearby destination where younger U.S. residents legally drink heavily Continue reading

ADHD: Brains not recognizing angry expressions

ADHD: Brains not recognizing angry expressions

Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior in children with ADHD can result in social problems and they tend to be excluded from peer activities. They have been found to have impaired recognition of emotional expression from other faces. Continue reading

Tick-tock: How to quite literally speed up a woman’s biological clock

Tick-tock: How to quite literally speed up a woman’s biological clock

The metaphor of a ticking clock is often used to refer to a woman’s growing urge — from puberty onwards to menopause — to conceive before her childbearing years are over. New research in Springer’s journal Human Nature shows that there’s more truth to this phrase than you might think. The subtle sound of a ticking clock can quite literally speed up a woman’s reproductive timing Continue reading

How breast cancer ‘expresses itself’

How breast cancer ‘expresses itself’

About one in eight women in the United States will contract breast cancer in her lifetime. Now new research from Tel Aviv University-affiliated researchers, in collaboration with Johns Hopkins University, has provided another tool to help women, clinicians, and scientists searching for a cure to the one of the most widespread yet incurable diseases on the planet. Dr Continue reading

Extensive cataloging of human proteins uncovers 193 never known to exist

Extensive cataloging of human proteins uncovers 193 never known to exist

Striving for the protein equivalent of the Human Genome Project, an international team of researchers has created an initial catalog of the human “proteome,” or all of the proteins in the human body. Continue reading

Breakthrough method for making Janus or patchy capsules

Breakthrough method for making Janus or patchy capsules

Hollow capsules that have a selectively permeable shell are promising candidates as tiny containers for molecules, particles or bubbles, and are becoming increasingly important in a wide variety of applications. But making these kinds of capsules with more than one kind of substance on their shells has been challenging — until now Continue reading

Breakthrough method for making Janus or patchy capsules

Breakthrough method for making Janus or patchy capsules

Hollow capsules that have a selectively permeable shell are promising candidates as tiny containers for molecules, particles or bubbles, and are becoming increasingly important in a wide variety of applications. But making these kinds of capsules with more than one kind of substance on their shells has been challenging — until now Continue reading

Lean patients with fatty liver disease have higher mortality rate

Lean patients with fatty liver disease have higher mortality rate

Despite being of a healthier weight, lean patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have a higher overall mortality rate than patients with NAFLD who are overweight or obese, according to new research presented today at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW). In addition to finding higher mortality rates, an international team of researchers found that lean patients a body mass index (BMI) less than 25 with NAFLD were more likely to be male, non-Caucasian and to have lower rates of chronic conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension. Continue reading