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Tag Archives: Chicago

Proactive office ergonomics can increase job satisfaction, employee retention

Proactive office ergonomics can increase job satisfaction, employee retention

As the amount of time employees spend at their desks increases, so does musculoskeletal discomfort and other health issues associated with the office environment. Although office ergonomics training programs have been shown to improve employee well-being and productivity, in many cases training occurs only after complaints are logged Continue reading

Comparison of named diet programs finds little difference in weight loss outcomes

Comparison of named diet programs finds little difference in weight loss outcomes

In an analysis of data from nearly 50 trials including about 7,300 individuals, significant weight loss was observed with any low-carbohydrate or low-fat diet, with weight loss differences between diet programs small, findings that support the practice of recommending any diet that a patient will adhere to in order to lose weight, according to a study in the September 3 issue of JAMA . Named or branded (trade-marked) weight loss programs provide structured dietary and lifestyle recommendations via popular books and in-person or online behavioral support and represent a multibillion dollar industry. Debate regarding the relative merit of the diets is accompanied by advertising claiming which macronutrient composition is superior, such as a low-carbohydrate or low-fat diet. Continue reading

Home is where the microbes are

Home is where the microbes are

A person’s home is their castle, and they populate it with their own subjects: millions and millions of bacteria. A study published tomorrow in Science provides a detailed analysis of the microbes that live in houses and apartments. Continue reading

Electric current to brain boosts memory: May help treat memory disorders from stroke, Alzheimer’s, brain injury

Electric current to brain boosts memory: May help treat memory disorders from stroke, Alzheimer’s, brain injury

Stimulating a particular region in the brain via non-invasive delivery of electrical current using magnetic pulses, called Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, improves memory, reports a new Northwestern Medicine® study. The discovery opens a new field of possibilities for treating memory impairments caused by conditions such as stroke, early-stage Alzheimer’s disease, traumatic brain injury, cardiac arrest and the memory problems that occur in healthy aging Continue reading

Gang life brings deep health risks for girls

Gang life brings deep health risks for girls

Being involved in a gang poses considerable health-related risks for adolescent African American girls, including more casual sex partners and substance abuse combined with less testing for HIV and less knowledge about preventing sexually transmitted diseases, according to a new study. Continue reading

Impact of race, ethnicity in motor complete spinal cord injury

Impact of race, ethnicity in motor complete spinal cord injury

Researchers have published a study examining racial and ethnic influences in the outcomes of patients with motor complete spinal cord injury (SCI). The article, “Racial and ethnic disparities in functioning at discharge and follow-up among patients with motor complete SCI,” was published online ahead of print on August 2 by the Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation . Findings included small but significant differences in self-care and mobility at discharge; no differences were apparent at 1-year followup. Continue reading

Beating childhood cancer does not necessarily make survivors healthier adults, study shows

Beating childhood cancer does not necessarily make survivors healthier adults, study shows

Having survived cancer as a child does not necessarily have a ripple effect that makes people lead a healthier lifestyle once they grow up. In fact, in a report derived from a National Cancer Institute-funded study of childhood cancer survivors known as the Chicago Healthy Living Study, investigators found that childhood cancer survivors in no way adhere more closely to guidelines on healthy eating than their cancer-free peers. Continue reading

Treatment developed by biologists shows promise in fighting fibrotic disease

Treatment developed by biologists shows promise in fighting fibrotic disease

A decade after first identifying serum amyloid P (SAP) as a key protein in human blood that controls routine tissue-related processes from scarring to healing, two Texas A&M University scientists and the biotechnology company they co-founded continue to make encouraging progress in the fight against fibrotic disease, a broad class of chronic conditions associated with an estimated 45 percent of U.S. deaths per year. Texas A&M biologists Richard Gomer and Darrell Pilling have collaborated in recent years on several SAP-related advances, from establishing Promedior Inc Continue reading

Treatment developed by biologists shows promise in fighting fibrotic disease

Treatment developed by biologists shows promise in fighting fibrotic disease

A decade after first identifying serum amyloid P (SAP) as a key protein in human blood that controls routine tissue-related processes from scarring to healing, two Texas A&M University scientists and the biotechnology company they co-founded continue to make encouraging progress in the fight against fibrotic disease, a broad class of chronic conditions associated with an estimated 45 percent of U.S. deaths per year. Texas A&M biologists Richard Gomer and Darrell Pilling have collaborated in recent years on several SAP-related advances, from establishing Promedior Inc Continue reading

Animal therapy reduces need for pain medication after joint-replacement surgery

Animal therapy reduces need for pain medication after joint-replacement surgery

Patients recovering from total joint replacement surgery who receive animal-assisted therapy (AAT) require less pain medication than those who do not experience this type of therapy. Continue reading