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Tag Archives: Children

Blood cells reprogrammed into blood stem cells in mice

Blood cells reprogrammed into blood stem cells in mice

Researchers at Boston Children’s Hospital have reprogrammed mature blood cells from mice into blood-forming hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), using a cocktail of eight genetic switches called transcription factors. Continue reading

Blood cells reprogrammed into blood stem cells in mice

Blood cells reprogrammed into blood stem cells in mice

Researchers at Boston Children’s Hospital have reprogrammed mature blood cells from mice into blood-forming hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), using a cocktail of eight genetic switches called transcription factors. Continue reading

Pollutants from coal-burning stoves strongly associated with miscarriages in Mongolia

Pollutants from coal-burning stoves strongly associated with miscarriages in Mongolia

Burning coal for domestic heating may contribute to early fetal death according to a new study by experts from The Saban Research Institute of Children’s Hospital Los Angeles and Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia — the coldest capital city in the world. In a paper published today in the journal BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth , researchers report “alarmingly strong statistical correlations” between seasonal ambient air pollutants and pregnancy loss in Ulaanbaatar (UB), Mongolia. UB has one of the highest levels of air pollution of all world capitals, with sulfide dioxide and particulate matter levels during winter months, which are up to 23 times World Health Organization standards Continue reading

Fat metabolism in animals altered to prevent most common type of heart disease

Fat metabolism in animals altered to prevent most common type of heart disease

Working with mice and rabbits, Johns Hopkins scientists have found a way to block abnormal cholesterol production, transport and breakdown, successfully preventing the development of atherosclerosis, the main cause of heart attacks and strokes and the number-one cause of death among humans. The condition develops when fat builds inside blood vessels over time and renders them stiff, narrowed and hardened, greatly reducing their ability to feed oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle and the brain. In a series of experiments, described April 7 in the journal Circulation , the Johns Hopkins team says it identified and halted the action of a single molecular culprit responsible for a range of biological glitches that affect the body’s ability to properly use, transport and purge itself of cholesterol — the fatty substance that accumulates inside vessels and fuels heart disease Continue reading

‘Brain training’ overcomes tics in Tourette syndrome, study finds

‘Brain training’ overcomes tics in Tourette syndrome, study finds

Teenagers diagnosed with Tourette Syndrome (TS) were slower than their typically developing peers when asked to perform a task that involved them simply moving their eyes to look at targets. However, they significantly outperformed their peers when the task was more demanding and required them to choose between looking at or away from targets. Continue reading

How kids’ brain structures grow as memory develops

How kids’ brain structures grow as memory develops

Our ability to store memories improves during childhood, associated with structural changes in the hippocampus and its connections with prefrontal and parietal cortices. New research from UC Davis is exploring how these brain regions develop at this crucial time. Eventually, that could give insights into disorders that typically emerge in the transition into and during adolescence and affect memory, such as schizophrenia and depression Continue reading

Dog ownership benefits families of children with autism

Dog ownership benefits families of children with autism

Many families face the decision of whether to get a dog. For families of children with autism, the decision can be even more challenging. Now, a University of Missouri researcher has studied dog ownership decisions in families of children with autism and found, regardless of whether they owned dogs, the parents reported the benefits of dog ownership included companionship, stress relief and opportunities for their children to learn responsibility. Continue reading

Dog ownership benefits families of children with autism

Dog ownership benefits families of children with autism

Many families face the decision of whether to get a dog. For families of children with autism, the decision can be even more challenging. Now, a University of Missouri researcher has studied dog ownership decisions in families of children with autism and found, regardless of whether they owned dogs, the parents reported the benefits of dog ownership included companionship, stress relief and opportunities for their children to learn responsibility Continue reading

Young dads at high risk of depression, too

Young dads at high risk of depression, too

Depression can hit young fathers hard — with symptoms increasing dramatically during some of the most important years of their children’s lives, a new Northwestern Medicine® study has found. Continue reading

Hereditary trauma: Inheritance of traumas and how they may be mediated

Hereditary trauma: Inheritance of traumas and how they may be mediated

Extreme and traumatic events can change a person — and often, years later, even affect their children. Researchers of the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich have now unmasked a piece in the puzzle of how the inheritance of traumas may be mediated. The phenomenon has long been known in psychology: traumatic experiences can induce behavioural disorders that are passed down from one generation to the next Continue reading