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Tag Archives: Children

Tumor suppressor gene TP53 mutated in 90 percent of most common childhood bone tumor

Tumor suppressor gene TP53 mutated in 90 percent of most common childhood bone tumor

The St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital — Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project found mutations in the tumor suppressor gene TP53 in 90 percent of osteosarcomas, suggesting the alteration plays a key role early in development of the bone cancer. The research was published today online ahead of print in the journal Cell Reports . Continue reading

Drawing conclusions: Children’s drawings during abuse investigations

Drawing conclusions: Children’s drawings during abuse investigations

Is a picture worth only a thousand words? According to Dr. Continue reading

Rural versus urban causes of childhood concussion

Rural versus urban causes of childhood concussion

Researchers at Western University (London, Canada) have found youth living in rural areas are more likely to sustain concussions from injuries involving motorized vehicles such as all-terrain vehicles and dirt bikes, whereas youth living in urban areas suffer concussions mostly as a result of sports. Continue reading

Four in 10 infants lack strong parental attachments

Four in 10 infants lack strong parental attachments

In a study of 14,000 U.S. children, 40 percent lack strong emotional bonds — what psychologists call “secure attachment” — with their parents that are crucial to success later in life, according to a new report. Continue reading

Coal plant closure in China led to improvements in children’s health

Coal plant closure in China led to improvements in children’s health

Decreased exposure to air pollution in utero is linked with improved childhood developmental scores and higher levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a key protein for brain development, according to a study looking at the closure of a coal-burning power plant in China led by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health. The study is the first to assess BDNF and cognitive development with respect to prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), a component of air pollution commonly emitted from coal burning. Results appear online in the journal PLOS ONE Continue reading

Coal plant closure in China led to improvements in children’s health

Coal plant closure in China led to improvements in children’s health

Decreased exposure to air pollution in utero is linked with improved childhood developmental scores and higher levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a key protein for brain development, according to a study looking at the closure of a coal-burning power plant in China led by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health. The study is the first to assess BDNF and cognitive development with respect to prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), a component of air pollution commonly emitted from coal burning. Results appear online in the journal PLOS ONE Continue reading

Blood test may help predict whether a child will become obese

Blood test may help predict whether a child will become obese

Scientists have found that a simple blood test, which can read DNA, could be used to predict obesity levels in children. Researchers at the Universities of Southampton, Exeter and Plymouth used the test to assess the levels of epigenetic switches in the PGC1a gene — a gene that regulates fat storage in the body. Epigenetic switches take place through a chemical change called DNA methylation, which controls how genes work and is set during early life. Continue reading

‘Ban junk food TV ads until 21:00′

‘Ban junk food TV ads until 21:00′

unable to retrieve full-text contentTelevision adverts for unhealthy food aimed at children should be banned until after 21:00, says the Children’s Food Campaign group. Continue reading

Health gap between adult survivors of childhood cancer, siblings widens with age

Health gap between adult survivors of childhood cancer, siblings widens with age

Adult survivors of childhood cancer face significant health problems as they age and are five times more likely than their siblings to develop new cancers, heart and other serious health conditions beyond the age of 35, according to the latest findings from the world’s largest study of childhood cancer survivors. St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital led the research, results of which appear in the March 17 issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology Continue reading

Baby’s life saved after 3-D printed devices were implanted restore his breathing

Baby’s life saved after 3-D printed devices were implanted restore his breathing

In his 18 months of life, Garrett Peterson has never gone home, spending his days in hospital beds tethered to ventilators that even at the highest settings couldn’t prevent his breathing from periodically stopping. His condition was so tenuous that often his parents could not hold him for fear of compromising his breathing. But after surgeons at the University of Michigan’s C.S. Continue reading