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Tag Archives: City

What can 14th century Venice teach us about Ebola, other emerging threats?

What can 14th century Venice teach us about Ebola, other emerging threats?

The way in which the Italian city of Venice dealt with the outbreak of the plague in the fourteenth century holds lessons on how to even mitigate the consequences of today’s emerging threats, like climate change, terrorism and highly infectious or drug-resistant diseases. So says Dr. Igor Linkov of the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center, and a visiting professor of the Ca Foscari University in Italy Continue reading

Despite significant reduction in smog-producing toxins, the Greater Toronto Area still violates Canada’s standards for ozone air pollution

Despite significant reduction in smog-producing toxins, the Greater Toronto Area still violates Canada’s standards for ozone air pollution

Despite a significant reduction in smog-producing toxins in past decade, GTA still violates Canada’s ozone standards A new study shows that while the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) has significantly reduced some of the toxins that contribute to smog, the city continues to violate the Canada-wide standards for ozone air pollution. Smog, which can cause or aggravate health problems such as asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis, is produced by a set of complex photochemical reactions involving volatile organic compounds (VOCs), nitrogen oxides and sunlight, which form ground-level ozone Continue reading

Advances in preterm birth

Advances in preterm birth

The Aug. 15 edition of the journal Science features a major article about the most important problem in obstetrics: preterm labor. The article, “Preterm labor: one syndrome, many causes,” delivers a powerful message: preterm birth is not one condition, but many, and provides a framework for meeting this challenge. Continue reading

Homeless alcoholics typically began drinking as children

Homeless alcoholics typically began drinking as children

A phenomenological study offers detailed insights into homeless, alcohol-dependent patients often stigmatized by the public and policymakers as drains on the health care system, showing the constellation of reasons they are incapable of escaping social circumstances that perpetuate and exacerbate their problems The study, published online in Annals of Emergency Medicine , was conducted at Bellevue Hospital in New York City, which has a long history of service to the city’s indigent population. Continue reading

Measuring fine dust concentration via smartphone

Measuring fine dust concentration via smartphone

Big cities in the smog: Photos from Beijing and, more recently, Paris clearly illustrate the extent of fine dust pollution. But what about our direct environment? What is the pollution concentration near our favorite jogging route? Continue reading

Rural microbes could boost city dwellers’ health, study finds

Rural microbes could boost city dwellers’ health, study finds

The greater prevalence of asthma, allergies and other chronic inflammatory disorders among people of lower socioeconomic status might be due in part to their reduced exposure to the microbes that thrive in rural environments, according to a new scientific paper co-authored by a University of Colorado Boulder researcher. The article, published in the journal Clinical & Experimental Immunology , argues that people living in urban centers who have less access to green spaces may be more apt to have chronic inflammation, a condition caused by immune system dysfunction Continue reading

Trust overpays staff £1m in error

Trust overpays staff £1m in error

5 January 2013 Last updated at 11:22 ET A London NHS trust has overpaid its staff by a total of nearly £1m a year since 2010, documents have revealed. In one case, a doctor was paid £4,000 a month by Barts and the London NHS Trust for nearly four years for on-call duties he or she was not doing. Continue reading

Emigration of children to urban areas can protect parents against depression

Emigration of children to urban areas can protect parents against depression

ScienceDaily (Dec. 3, 2012) — Parents whose children move far away from home are less likely to become depressed than parents with children living nearby, according to a new study of rural districts in Thailand. The study, led by scientists at King’s College London, suggests that children who migrate to urban areas are more likely to financially support their parents, which may be a factor for lower levels of depression. Continue reading

Residents believe vacant land threatens community, physical and mental health

Residents believe vacant land threatens community, physical and mental health

ScienceDaily (Nov. 30, 2012) — As public health researchers continue efforts to understand the effects of neighborhood conditions on health, residents themselves can provide valuable insights regarding public health issues and potential solutions. A new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania uses in-depth interviews with local residents to examine perspectives on how vacant land affects community, physical, and mental health Continue reading

Homicide spreads like infectious disease

Homicide spreads like infectious disease

ScienceDaily (Nov. 29, 2012) — Homicide moves through a city in a process similar to infectious disease, according to a new study that may give police a new tool in tracking and ultimately preventing murders. Using Newark, N.J., as a pilot case, a team of Michigan State University researchers led by April Zeoli successfully applied public health tracking methods to the city’s 2,366 homicides between 1982 and 2008. Continue reading