List/Grid

Tag Archives: College

Lack of facial expression leads to perceptions of unhappiness, new research shows

Lack of facial expression leads to perceptions of unhappiness, new research shows

People with facial paralysis are perceived as being less happy simply because they can’t communicate in the universal language of facial expression, a new study from an Oregon State University psychology professor shows. The findings highlight the important role the face plays in everyday communication and indicates people may hold a prejudice against those with facial paralysis because of their disability, said Kathleen Bogart, an assistant professor of psychology in the College of Liberal Arts at Oregon State University. “People are more wary and more likely to form a negative impression of someone with a disability,” Bogart said Continue reading

Vitamin E intake critical during ‘the first 1,000 days’

Vitamin E intake critical during ‘the first 1,000 days’

Amid conflicting reports about the need for vitamin E and how much is enough, a new analysis published today suggests that adequate levels of this essential micronutrient are especially critical for the very young, the elderly, and women who are or may become pregnant. Continue reading

Nicotine withdrawal reduces response to rewards across species

Nicotine withdrawal reduces response to rewards across species

Cigarette smoking is a leading cause of preventable death worldwide and is associated with approximately 440,000 deaths in the United States each year, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, but nearly 20 percent of the U.S. Continue reading

Increased access to nature trails could decrease youth obesity rates, study finds

Increased access to nature trails could decrease youth obesity rates, study finds

As youth obesity levels in America remain at record high levels, health professionals and policymakers continue to search for solutions to this national health issue. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri and the University of Minnesota have found that local governments can help reduce youth obesity levels by increasing the amount and type of public lands available for recreation. Sonja Wilhelm Stanis, an associate professor of parks, recreation and tourism in the MU College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, found that counties with more non-motorized nature trails and forest lands have higher levels of youth activity and lower youth obesity, while counties with more nature preserves have lower activity levels. Continue reading

Discharged patients return to ER because ‘better safe than sorry’

Discharged patients return to ER because ‘better safe than sorry’

Patients who return to the emergency department within a few days of discharge do so principally because they are anxious about their symptoms and have lost trust in other parts of the health care system, according to the results of a study published online today in Annals of Emergency Medicine . “When asked why they did not follow up as an outpatient, patients reported feeling that their symptoms were too severe to wait until their scheduled appointment or being instructed to return to the ER by the outpatient provider they contacted,” said lead study author Kristin Rising, MD, of the Department of Emergency Medicine at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, Penn. The paper goes on to say that patients’ “decision to return to the emergency department was driven largely by fear and uncertainty regarding their medical conditions as well as a lack of trust in the system to be responsive to their needs.” Other prominent themes related to patients’ limited use of outpatient care included problems accessing care because of lack of insurance, dissatisfaction with a primary care physician and lack of trust in their primary physician Continue reading

Avatars make the Internet sign to deaf people

Avatars make the Internet sign to deaf people

It is challenging for deaf people to learn a sound-based language, since they are physically not able to hear those sounds. Hence, most of them struggle with written language as well as with text reading and comprehension. Continue reading

Quasi-legal drug 15 times stronger than heroin hides in plain sight

Quasi-legal drug 15 times stronger than heroin hides in plain sight

Emergency physicians should expect “an upswing in what on the surface appear to be heroin overdoses,” but are actually overdoses tied to acetyl fentanyl, an opiate that is mixed into street drugs marketed as heroin. The looming threat of another unregulated quasi-legal drug is detailed today online in Annals of Emergency Medicine . “What’s frightening about this emerging street drug is that users themselves may not be aware that they are ingesting it,” said lead study author John Stogner, Ph.D Continue reading

Human milk fat improves growth in premature infants

Human milk fat improves growth in premature infants

For premature infants, adequate growth while in the neonatal intensive care unit is an indicator of better long-term health and developmental outcomes. Researchers at the USDA/ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children’s Hospital have now successfully incorporated a cream supplement into premature infants’ diets that improved their growth outcomes in the NICU. Continue reading

Pinpointing genes that protect against frailty

Pinpointing genes that protect against frailty

Frailty is a common condition associated with old age, characterized by weight loss, weakness, decreased activity level and reduced mobility, which together increase the risk of injury and death. Continue reading

Best way to brush teeth? Even dentists, dental associations don’t agree

Best way to brush teeth? Even dentists, dental associations don’t agree

Advice on how we should brush our teeth from dental associations and toothpaste companies is ‘unacceptably inconsistent’, finds new UCL research. The study, published in the British Dental Journal , looked at the brushing advice given by dental associations across ten countries, toothpaste and toothbrush companies and in dental textbooks Continue reading