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Deception improved athletic performance

Deception improved athletic performance

Indiana University researchers say a little deception caused cyclists in their 4-kilometer time trial to up their performance even after they realized they had been tricked. Continue reading

Deception improved athletic performance

Deception improved athletic performance

Indiana University researchers say a little deception caused cyclists in their 4-kilometer time trial to up their performance even after they realized they had been tricked. Continue reading

Creatures of habit: Disorders of compulsivity share common pattern, brain structure

Creatures of habit: Disorders of compulsivity share common pattern, brain structure

People affected by binge eating, substance abuse and obsessive compulsive disorder all share a common pattern of decision making and similarities in brain structure, according to new research from the University of Cambridge. In a study published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry and primarily funded by the Wellcome Trust, researchers show that people who are affected by disorders of compulsivity have lower grey matter volumes (in other words, fewer nerve cells) in the brain regions involved in keeping track of goals and rewards. In our daily lives, we make decisions based either on habit or aimed at achieving a specific goal. Continue reading

Artificial lung the size of a sugar cube may replace animal testing

Artificial lung the size of a sugar cube may replace animal testing

What medications can be used to treat lung cancer, and how effective are they? Until now, drug companies have had to rely on animal testing to find out Continue reading

Learning early in life may help keep brain cells alive: Brain cells survive in young who master a task

Learning early in life may help keep brain cells alive: Brain cells survive in young who master a task

Using your brain — particularly during adolescence — may help brain cells survive and could impact how the brain functions after puberty. According to a recently published study in Frontiers in Neuroscience , Rutgers behavioral and systems neuroscientist Tracey Shors, who co-authored the study, found that the newborn brain cells in young rats that were successful at learning survived while the same brain cells in animals that didn’t master the task died quickly. “In those that didn’t learn, three weeks after the new brain cells were made, nearly one-half of them were no longer there,” said Shors, professor in the Department of Psychology and Center for Collaborative Neuroscience at Rutgers. Continue reading

Learning early in life may help keep brain cells alive: Brain cells survive in young who master a task

Learning early in life may help keep brain cells alive: Brain cells survive in young who master a task

Using your brain — particularly during adolescence — may help brain cells survive and could impact how the brain functions after puberty. According to a recently published study in Frontiers in Neuroscience , Rutgers behavioral and systems neuroscientist Tracey Shors, who co-authored the study, found that the newborn brain cells in young rats that were successful at learning survived while the same brain cells in animals that didn’t master the task died quickly. “In those that didn’t learn, three weeks after the new brain cells were made, nearly one-half of them were no longer there,” said Shors, professor in the Department of Psychology and Center for Collaborative Neuroscience at Rutgers. Continue reading

Immunotherapy for prostate cancer in sight

Immunotherapy for prostate cancer in sight

An international study carried out with involvement of the MedUni Vienna is giving hope to patients with advanced prostate cancer. In just a few years’ time, Ipilumumab could be approved as a treatment for the world’s third-most common type of cancer. The immunotherapeutic agent Ipilumumab has been shown to have a markedly positive effect in the treatment of patients who are resistant to conventional hormone treatments and chemotherapy Continue reading

Many mental illnesses reduce life expectancy more than heavy smoking

Many mental illnesses reduce life expectancy more than heavy smoking

Oxford researchers say their figures on life expectancy should galvanize governments and health and social services to put a much higher priority on how mental health services can prevent early deaths. Mental health has not seen the same public health priority as smoking, say the Oxford scientists, despite these stark figures and the similar prevalence of mental health problems. One in four people in the UK will experience some kind of mental health problem in the course of a year, it is estimated. Continue reading

Many mental illnesses reduce life expectancy more than heavy smoking

Many mental illnesses reduce life expectancy more than heavy smoking

Oxford researchers say their figures on life expectancy should galvanize governments and health and social services to put a much higher priority on how mental health services can prevent early deaths. Mental health has not seen the same public health priority as smoking, say the Oxford scientists, despite these stark figures and the similar prevalence of mental health problems. One in four people in the UK will experience some kind of mental health problem in the course of a year, it is estimated Continue reading

Repeated sexual assault victims report more psychological problems than previously thought

Repeated sexual assault victims report more psychological problems than previously thought

According to recent studies, one in five adult women and one in 100 adult men have reported being raped. Continue reading