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Preventing heart disease in New York City children and their caregivers

Preventing heart disease in New York City children and their caregivers

Mount Sinai Heart at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has been awarded a $3.8 million grant by the American Heart Association (AHA) to promote cardiovascular health among high-risk New York City children, and their parents, living in Harlem and the Bronx. With assistance from the NYC Administration for Children’s Services (ACS), the research team’s mission is to reduce each child’s future risk of obesity, heart attack, stroke, and type 2 diabetes Continue reading

Likely origin of lung fungus invading Pacific Northwest found by study

Likely origin of lung fungus invading Pacific Northwest found by study

Cryptococcus gattii , a virulent fungus that has invaded the Pacific Northwest is highly adaptive and warrants global “public health vigilance,” according to a study by an international team led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen). C. gattii , which likely originated in Brazil, is responsible for dozens of deaths in recent years since it was first found in 1999 on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada, well outside its usual tropical habitats Continue reading

Cardiac patients underserved globally due to lack of rehab programs, says researcher

Cardiac patients underserved globally due to lack of rehab programs, says researcher

Rehabilitation programs must become an integral part of cardiac care to significantly reduce the burden of living with heart disease, one of the most common chronic diseases and causes of death globally, according to York University Professor Sherry Grace. “Cardiac rehabilitation is a cost-effective program offering heart patients exercise, education and risk reduction,” says Grace, noting that participation results in 25 per cent less death, lower re-hospitalization rates and better quality of life. Despite these benefits, cardiac rehabilitation is vastly underused, particularly compared with costly revascularization and medical therapy, according to the review Grace conducted with Karam Turk-Adawi in the Cardiovascular Rehabilitation & Prevention Unit, University Health Network (UHN), and Dr. Continue reading

3D printed anatomy to mark a new era for medical training

3D printed anatomy to mark a new era for medical training

The creators of a unique kit containing anatomical body parts produced by 3D printing say it will revolutionize medical education and training, especially in countries where cadaver use is problematical. Continue reading

Women under-represented in academic medicine

Women under-represented in academic medicine

Women are under-represented in academic medicine resulting in a waste of public investment due to loss of research talent. Writing in the July issue of the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine , authors of an essay on women and academic medicine say that as a consequence of female under-representation, some areas of medicine are under-researched at a cost to patients and society. Discriminatory practices and unconscious bias, they say, continue to occur in academic medicine, despite a substantial fall in traditional discrepancies between men and women in medicine in recent years Continue reading

Noninvasive advanced image analysis could lead to better patient care

Noninvasive advanced image analysis could lead to better patient care

Lung cancer patients could receive more precise treatment, and their progress could be better tracked, using a new high-tech method of non-invasive medical imaging analysis, according to a study published by the journal PLOS ONE . Genetic changes increasingly are recognized as driving cancer development. But obtaining evidence of these changes usually requires a biopsy, which can be problematic for sensitive regions of the body such as the lungs. Continue reading

Adults stop anti-rejection drugs after stem-cell transplant reverses sickle cell disease

Adults stop anti-rejection drugs after stem-cell transplant reverses sickle cell disease

Adults have stopped anti-rejection drugs after stem-cell transplant reverses sickle cell disease. NIH trial success suggests a new treatment option for older, sicker patients Continue reading

Surgical treatment for metastatic melanoma of the liver increases overall survival

Surgical treatment for metastatic melanoma of the liver increases overall survival

Surgical resection markedly improves survival among metastatic melanoma patients whose disease is isolated to a few areas in the liver, according to new study findings published in the July issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons . These results mark a departure for melanoma, an aggressive form of skin cancer, that is most often considered fatal once it has spread to the liver and then, not amenable to surgical treatment. In the past, surgical treatment for liver metastases was not considered an option for most patients, as the disease typically spreads to other organs. Continue reading

Reproduction later in life is a marker for longevity in women

Reproduction later in life is a marker for longevity in women

Women who are able to naturally have children later in life tend to live longer and the genetic variants that allow them to do so might also facilitate exceptionally long life spans. Continue reading

Cell division discovery could optimize timing of chemotherapy, explain some cancers

Cell division discovery could optimize timing of chemotherapy, explain some cancers

Research led by the University of Warwick’s Systems Biology Centre and Warwick Medical School in collaboration with groups in Nice and Rotterdam has been able to demonstrate how the cycle of cell division in mammalian cells synchronizes with the body’s own daily rhythm, its circadian clock. The study not only helps to explain why people with sustained disrupted circadian rhythms can be more susceptible to cancer, it may also help establish the optimal time of day to administer chemotherapy. Continue reading