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French studies measure benefits of  colorectal cancer screening

French studies measure benefits of colorectal cancer screening

The introduction of biennial colorectal cancer screening in a region of France increased the rate of diagnosis of high risk pre-cancerous adenomas (sometimes called polyps) by 89%, researchers have reported at the ESMO 2014 Congress in Madrid. Dr Vanessa Cottet from INSERM Unité 866 in Dijon, France, and colleagues studied the region of Côte-d’Or, where a registry has been collecting data on adenomas since 1976. Continue reading

Realizing the promise of education: An effective early intervention program for substance exposed babies and toddlers

Realizing the promise of education: An effective early intervention program for substance exposed babies and toddlers

Two decades after its initiation, the University of Miami (UM) Linda Ray Intervention Program for substance-exposed babies and toddlers demonstrates long-term success. The program is designed to help children from birth to three years of age who are developmentally delayed, prenatally exposed to drugs and often with the additional risk of maltreatment, ultimately achieve their developmental milestones and be ready to enter kindergarten ready to learn. The program started in 1993 as an innovative partnership between the UM Linda Ray Intervention Center (LRIC), Miami-Dade Public Schools, Early Steps, Children’s Medical Services, and the Florida Diagnostic and Learning Resources System (FDLRS) and has since expanded to partner with the Juvenile Court in Miami. Continue reading

Slight alterations in microRNA sequences hold more information than previously thought

Slight alterations in microRNA sequences hold more information than previously thought

Researchers have encountered variants or isoforms in microRNAs (miRNAs) before, but assumed that these variants were accidental byproducts. A recent study, published in the journal Oncotarget this month, shows that certain so called isomiRs have abundances that depend on geographic subpopulations and gender and that the most prevalent variant of a given miRNA may not be the one typically listed in the public databases Continue reading

New guidelines issued for managing peri- and postoperative atrial fibrillation

New guidelines issued for managing peri- and postoperative atrial fibrillation

The American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS) has released new evidence-based guidelines for the prevention and treatment of perioperative and postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) and flutter for thoracic surgical procedures. The guidelines are published in The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Continue reading

New guidelines issued for managing peri- and postoperative atrial fibrillation

New guidelines issued for managing peri- and postoperative atrial fibrillation

The American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS) has released new evidence-based guidelines for the prevention and treatment of perioperative and postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) and flutter for thoracic surgical procedures. Continue reading

New biomedical implants heal bones faster, focus on personalized medicine

New biomedical implants heal bones faster, focus on personalized medicine

A major success in developing new biomedical implants with the ability to accelerate bone healing has been reported by a group of scientists from the Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of Malaya. This stems from a project partly funded by HIR and also involves Mr. Continue reading

Experts call for massive global response to tackle Ebola

Experts call for massive global response to tackle Ebola

The current Ebola outbreak now requires a ‘rapid response at a massive global scale,’ according to experts. Continue reading

New genetic targets discovered in fight against muscle-wasting disease

New genetic targets discovered in fight against muscle-wasting disease

Scientists have pinpointed for the first time the genetic cause in some people of an incurable muscle-wasting disease, Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). The international research team led by the University of Leicester say the finding of two target genes opens the possibility of developing drugs to tackle the disease in these patients Continue reading

Rare stem cells hold potential for infertility treatments

Rare stem cells hold potential for infertility treatments

Rare stem cells in testis that produce a biomarker protein called PAX7 help give rise to new sperm cells — and may hold a key to restoring fertility, research by scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center suggests. Continue reading

Genomic sequencing reveals mutations, insights into 2014 Ebola outbreak

Genomic sequencing reveals mutations, insights into 2014 Ebola outbreak

In response to an ongoing, unprecedented outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa, a team of researchers from the Broad Institute and Harvard University, in collaboration with the Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation and researchers across institutions and continents, has rapidly sequenced and analyzed more than 99 Ebola virus genomes. Their findings could have important implications for rapid field diagnostic tests. The team reports its results online in the journal Science . Continue reading