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Future heat waves pose risk for population of Greater London

Future heat waves pose risk for population of Greater London

A study led by Oxford University has modelled the effects of future heat waves on people living in Greater London in 2050 and concludes that the risk of heat-related deaths could be significantly reduced if buildings were adapted properly for climate change. The model, which takes into account future changes to urban land use and human-made heat emissions, estimates an additional 800 heat-related deaths per year by 2050. Researchers used projections on likely increases in temperatures carried out by the Met Office and Newcastle University, coupled with data on demographic changes from the Office of National Statistics, to calculate the likely health risks of future heat waves for the population of Greater London Continue reading

Future heat waves pose risk for population of Greater London

Future heat waves pose risk for population of Greater London

A study led by Oxford University has modelled the effects of future heat waves on people living in Greater London in 2050 and concludes that the risk of heat-related deaths could be significantly reduced if buildings were adapted properly for climate change. The model, which takes into account future changes to urban land use and human-made heat emissions, estimates an additional 800 heat-related deaths per year by 2050. Researchers used projections on likely increases in temperatures carried out by the Met Office and Newcastle University, coupled with data on demographic changes from the Office of National Statistics, to calculate the likely health risks of future heat waves for the population of Greater London Continue reading

New combination drug therapy proves very effective in hepatitis C treatments

New combination drug therapy proves very effective in hepatitis C treatments

Treatment options for the 170 million people worldwide with chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) are evolving rapidly, although the available regimens often come with significant side effects. Two multi-center clinical trials led by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center show promise for a new option that could help lead to both an increase in patients cured with a much more simple and tolerable all oral therapy Continue reading

New combination drug therapy proves very effective in hepatitis C treatments

New combination drug therapy proves very effective in hepatitis C treatments

Treatment options for the 170 million people worldwide with chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) are evolving rapidly, although the available regimens often come with significant side effects. Two multi-center clinical trials led by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center show promise for a new option that could help lead to both an increase in patients cured with a much more simple and tolerable all oral therapy Continue reading

Scientists report success growing cartilage to reconstruct nostrils and implanting tissue-engineered vaginal organs into humans

Scientists report success growing cartilage to reconstruct nostrils and implanting tissue-engineered vaginal organs into humans

Two new articles published in The Lancet report the first ever successful operations in humans to reconstruct the alar wings of the nose (nostrils) (Martin et al ), and to implant tissue-engineered vaginal organs in women with a rare syndrome that causes the vagina to be underdeveloped or absent (Atala et al ), in both cases using the patients’ own tissue. In one paper, led by Professor Ivan Martin from the University of Basel in Switzerland, scientists report having engineered a human cartilage graft from patients’ own nasal septum cartilage cells to successfully rebuild the nostrils (alar lobule) of five individuals whose noses were damaged by skin cancer Continue reading

Small cash incentives dramatically improve hepatitis B vaccination rates among injecting drug users

Small cash incentives dramatically improve hepatitis B vaccination rates among injecting drug users

Small financial incentives, totalling as little as £30, can dramatically increase the likelihood of people who inject drugs completing a course of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination, according to new research published in The Lancet . Researchers in the UK found that people undergoing treatment for heroin addiction who received a maximum total of £30 supermarket vouchers in equal or graduated installments in return for full compliance with a regimen of three HBV vaccine injections were at least 12 times as likely to complete the course within 28 days compared to those not receiving a financial incentive (45% for equal payment installments and 49% for graduated payment installments vs 9% for no payment incentive). The study was led by Professor John Strang from the National Addiction Centre at King’s College London, UK, working in close collaboration with senior colleagues at Imperial College London and University College London (UCL), in the UK Continue reading

Small cash incentives dramatically improve hepatitis B vaccination rates among injecting drug users

Small cash incentives dramatically improve hepatitis B vaccination rates among injecting drug users

Small financial incentives, totalling as little as £30, can dramatically increase the likelihood of people who inject drugs completing a course of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination, according to new research published in The Lancet . Researchers in the UK found that people undergoing treatment for heroin addiction who received a maximum total of £30 supermarket vouchers in equal or graduated installments in return for full compliance with a regimen of three HBV vaccine injections were at least 12 times as likely to complete the course within 28 days compared to those not receiving a financial incentive (45% for equal payment installments and 49% for graduated payment installments vs 9% for no payment incentive). The study was led by Professor John Strang from the National Addiction Centre at King’s College London, UK, working in close collaboration with senior colleagues at Imperial College London and University College London (UCL), in the UK Continue reading

Rural versus urban causes of childhood concussion

Rural versus urban causes of childhood concussion

Researchers at Western University (London, Canada) have found youth living in rural areas are more likely to sustain concussions from injuries involving motorized vehicles such as all-terrain vehicles and dirt bikes, whereas youth living in urban areas suffer concussions mostly as a result of sports. Hockey accounts for 40 per cent of those injuries. Continue reading

Carbohydrate digestion and obesity strongly linked

Carbohydrate digestion and obesity strongly linked

New research indicates that obesity in the general population may be genetically linked to how our bodies digest carbohydrates. Continue reading

Crossrail digs up Black Death victims

Crossrail digs up Black Death victims

unable to retrieve full-text contentSkeletons unearthed by London’s Crossrail are victims of the Black Death and may be part of a mass grave, forensic tests reveal. Continue reading