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Tag Archives: Management

Challenges ahead in improving child health by increasing access to sanitation in India

Challenges ahead in improving child health by increasing access to sanitation in India

A study published in this week’s PLOS Medicine on large-scale rural sanitation programs in India highlights challenges in achieving sufficient access to latrines and reduction in open defecation to yield significant health benefits for young children. The researchers, led by Sumeet Patil from the School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, and the Network for Engineering and Economics Research and Management in Mumbai, India conducted a cluster randomised controlled trial in 80 rural villages in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh to measure the effect of India’s Total Sanitation campaign (an initiative to increase access to improved sanitation throughout rural India) on household latrine availability, defecation behaviors, and child health Continue reading

Women with severe, chronic health issues are screened for breast cancer less often

Women with severe, chronic health issues are screened for breast cancer less often

Women with severe disabilities and multiple chronic conditions are screened for breast cancer less often than women with no disabilities or no chronic conditions, a new study has found. They are also screened less often than women with moderate disabilities or women with only one chronic condition, according to Dr. Sara Guilcher, an affiliate scientist with the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St Continue reading

Size matters when convincing your brain to eat healthier foods

Size matters when convincing your brain to eat healthier foods

Variety may trump virtue when it comes to the struggle to eat healthy, says a Vanderbilt marketing professor who studies consumer self-control and endorses “vice-virtue bundles” combining nutritious and not-so-nutritious foods. “We suggest a simple … solution that can help consumers who would otherwise choose vice over virtue to simultaneously increase consumption of healthy foods (virtues) and decrease consumption of unhealthy foods (vices) while still fulfilling taste goals — ‘vice-virtue bundles,’” Kelly L. Continue reading

Increased adoption of complex care management can help meet cost savings, quality goals

Increased adoption of complex care management can help meet cost savings, quality goals

The care of patients with complex medical needs is widely regarded as one of the key factors driving increased U.S. health costs, and it is generally accepted that 10 to 15 percent of Medicare patients account for 65 to 75 percent of all Medicare spending. Many of the country’s leading health care organizations have been adopting the strategy of complex care management — assembling multidisciplinary teams of physicians, nurses, pharmacists, mental health professionals and others, with services being coordinated by care managers who work closely with patients and their family members Continue reading

Exposure to inflammatory bowel disease drugs could increase leukemia risk

Exposure to inflammatory bowel disease drugs could increase leukemia risk

Immunosuppressive drugs called thiopurines have been found to increase the risk of myeloid disorders, such as acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome, a rare bone marrow disorder, seven-fold among inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. These data were reported in a new study published in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology , the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA). Thiopurines are an established treatment for IBD patients, used to reduce inflammation and provide symptom relief Continue reading

Comprehensive review of treatments for depression in cancer patients

Comprehensive review of treatments for depression in cancer patients

Depression is common in cancer, up to half of all patients facing the disease experience depressive symptoms, ranging from mild to severe. When depression co-exists with cancer, patients may be at an increased risk of death from cancer and from suicide. Continue reading

Breast cancer diagnosis, mammography improved by considering patient risk

Breast cancer diagnosis, mammography improved by considering patient risk

A new approach to examining mammograms that takes into account a woman’s health risk profile would reduce the number of cancer instances missed and also cut the number of false positives, according to a paper being presented at a conference of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS). Mehmet U.S. Ayvaci of the University of Texas Dallas will present his research group’s findings about the role of risk profiling in the interpretation of mammograms at Advances in Decision Analysis, a conference sponsored by the INFORMS Decision Analysis Society (DAS). Continue reading

E-cigarettes far less harmful than cigarettes, says researcher

E-cigarettes far less harmful than cigarettes, says researcher

A London School of Economics researcher examining the public and private dangers of drugs argues against demonizing e-cigarettes in a presentation being given at a conference of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS). He also calls on public officials to recognize that alcohol causes greater harm than other recreational drugs and more public attention should be paid to controlling its harmful effects Continue reading

Science of school lunch: Pictures tell story about lunch policies, healthy consumption

Science of school lunch: Pictures tell story about lunch policies, healthy consumption

In terms of ambience, Charlotte Central’s cafeteria is — well, conjure up your own elementary school lunch experience. There’s more than one reason to run to recess. Continue reading

Science of school lunch: Pictures tell story about lunch policies, healthy consumption

Science of school lunch: Pictures tell story about lunch policies, healthy consumption

In terms of ambience, Charlotte Central’s cafeteria is — well, conjure up your own elementary school lunch experience. There’s more than one reason to run to recess. Continue reading