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Tag Archives: Medical

Immune system precursor cells that fight infection discovered

Immune system precursor cells that fight infection discovered

The innate immune system recognizes infectious agents such as viruses and bacteria. A group of lymphocytes known as “innate lymphoid cells” or ILCs plays a central role in the defense of the human body against infective agents. Professor Andreas Diefenbach of the Research Center Immunology at the Mainz University Medical Center, working in collaboration with scientists at the University of Freiburg, has discovered previously unidentified ILCs that are able to protect epithelial surfaces, such as those of the intestinal mucosa, against infection Continue reading

Poor Diet Before Pregnancy Linked with Preterm Birth

Poor Diet Before Pregnancy Linked with Preterm Birth

University of Adelaide research has for the first time confirmed that women who eat a poor diet before they become pregnant are around 50% more likely to have a preterm birth than those on a healthy diet. Researchers at the University of Adelaide’s Robinson Research Institute investigated the dietary patterns of more than 300 South Australian women to better understand their eating habits before pregnancy. It’s the first study of its kind to assess women’s diet prior to conception and its association with outcomes at birth. Continue reading

Disruption of circadian rhythms may contribute to inflammatory disease

Disruption of circadian rhythms may contribute to inflammatory disease

A disruption of circadian rhythms, when combined with a high-fat, high-sugar diet, may contribute to inflammatory bowel disease and other harmful conditions, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at Rush University Medical Center. The study is online at the peer-reviewed, open-access journal, PLOS ONE Continue reading

Disruption of circadian rhythms may contribute to inflammatory disease

Disruption of circadian rhythms may contribute to inflammatory disease

A disruption of circadian rhythms, when combined with a high-fat, high-sugar diet, may contribute to inflammatory bowel disease and other harmful conditions, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at Rush University Medical Center. The study is online at the peer-reviewed, open-access journal, PLOS ONE Continue reading

Compound reverses symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease in mice

Compound reverses symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease in mice

A molecular compound developed by Saint Louis University scientists restored learning, memory and appropriate behavior in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease, according to findings in the May issue of the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease . The molecule also reduced inflammation in the part of the brain responsible for learning and memory Continue reading

Compound reverses symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease in mice

Compound reverses symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease in mice

A molecular compound developed by Saint Louis University scientists restored learning, memory and appropriate behavior in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease, according to findings in the May issue of the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease . The molecule also reduced inflammation in the part of the brain responsible for learning and memory Continue reading

Sleeping pills increase cardiovascular events in heart failure patients

Sleeping pills increase cardiovascular events in heart failure patients

Sleeping pills increase the risk of cardiovascular events in heart failure patients by 8-fold, according to research from Japan. The study was presented today at the Heart Failure Congress 2014, held 17-20 May in Athens, Greece. The Congress is the main annual meeting of the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology. Continue reading

Ataluren Phase 3 trial results in nonsense mutation cystic fibrosis

Ataluren Phase 3 trial results in nonsense mutation cystic fibrosis

PTC Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: PTCT) today announced that the results of a Phase 3 study of ataluren in patients with nonsense mutation cystic fibrosis (nmCF) were published in Lancet Respiratory Medicine Continue reading

A better way to treat ACE inhibitor angioedema in the ED

A better way to treat ACE inhibitor angioedema in the ED

Investigators at the University of Cincinnati have found a safe and effective treatment for life-threatening angioedema attacks in the emergency department. In angioedema, patients experience a rapid swelling of the skin and subcutaneous tissues — which, in some cases, can lead to airway obstruction and suffocation. Continue reading

How cone snail venom minimizes pain

How cone snail venom minimizes pain

The venom from marine cone snails, used to immobilize prey, contains numerous peptides called conotoxins, some of which can act as painkillers in mammals. A recent study in The Journal of General Physiology provides new insight into the mechanisms by which one conotoxin, Vc1.1, inhibits pain. The findings help explain the analgesic powers of this naturally occurring toxin and could eventually lead to the development of synthetic forms of Vc1.1 to treat certain types of neuropathic pain in humans. Continue reading