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Tag Archives: Medical

Smokers, passive smokers more likely to suffer hearing loss, study shows

Smokers, passive smokers more likely to suffer hearing loss, study shows

Giving up or reducing smoking and avoiding passive exposure to tobacco smoke may reduce your risk of hearing loss, new research shows. Smokers and passive smokers more likely to suffer hearing loss, study shows Current smokers have a 15.1% higher odds of hearing loss than non-smokers The University of Manchester study, funded by Action on Hearing Loss, Medical Research Council and the National Institute for Health Research, found. Passive smoking also increased the likelihood of hearing loss by 28%. Continue reading

Early palliative support services help those caring for patients with advanced cancer

Early palliative support services help those caring for patients with advanced cancer

Dartmouth researchers have found that those caring for patients with advanced cancer experienced reduced depression and felt less burdened by caregiving tasks when palliative support services were offered soon after the patient’s diagnosis. They presented their findings at the American Society of Clinical Oncologist (ASCO) annual meeting in Chicago on June 3, 2014. “Family caregivers are a crucial part of the patient care team. Continue reading

Lasers, night-vision technology help improve imaging of hidden lymphatic system

Lasers, night-vision technology help improve imaging of hidden lymphatic system

The human lymphatic system is an important but poorly understood circulatory system consisting of tiny vessels spread throughout the body. This “drainage” network helps guard against infections and prevents swelling, which occasionally happens when disease or trauma interrupts normal lymphatic function. Chronic swelling is the hallmark of a painful, incurable condition known as lymphedema, which often occurs after cancer therapy and can leave the limbs and other body parts disfigured for life. Continue reading

Quest for the bionic arm: Advancements and challenges

Quest for the bionic arm: Advancements and challenges

In the past 13 years, nearly 2,000 veterans returned from Iraq and Afghanistan with injuries requiring amputations; 14 percent of those injured veterans required upper extremity amputations. To treat veterans with upper extremity amputations, scientists continue to pursue research and development of bionic arms and hands with full motor and sensory function Continue reading

Surgeons report fewer postoperative blood clots using risk-based preventive measures

Surgeons report fewer postoperative blood clots using risk-based preventive measures

Surgery patients are much less likely to get a blood clot in the lower extremities or lungs if they receive preventive treatment based on their individual clotting risk, in addition to walking soon after the operation. Results from a surgical quality improvement study, appearing in the June issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons, indicate that the odds of this common and potentially life-threatening postoperative complication steadily declined after the implementation of a multicomponent prevention program in a hospital’s department of surgery. Researchers at Boston Medical Center, Boston, Mass., reported that they lowered the frequency of deep venous thromboses — blood clots in a deep vein, usually in a lower extremity — by 84 percent two years after the prevention efforts began, compared with the results two years before the program Continue reading

Subtle change in DNA, protein levels determines blond or brunette tresses, study finds

Subtle change in DNA, protein levels determines blond or brunette tresses, study finds

A molecule critical to stem cell function plays a major role in determining human hair color, according to a study from the Stanford University School of Medicine. The study describes for the first time the molecular basis for one of our most noticeable traits. Continue reading

Preventing early menopause in breast cancer patients with new drug treatment

Preventing early menopause in breast cancer patients with new drug treatment

Among young women treated for breast cancer, one of the most distressing side effects of chemotherapy is early menopause. But a major clinical trial has found that the risk of early menopause can be significantly reduced by adding a drug called goserelin to the chemotherapy regimen Continue reading

Overall survival benefit for patients with Stage III soft tissue sarcomas

Overall survival benefit for patients with Stage III soft tissue sarcomas

Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers have carried out the first retrospective analysis of adjuvant chemotherapy’s impact on overall survival in patients with stage III soft tissue sarcomas (STS), adjusted for socioeconomic status and other variables. Continue reading

Green tea could reduce pancreatic cancer risk: Study explains how

Green tea could reduce pancreatic cancer risk: Study explains how

Green tea and its extracts have been widely touted as potential treatments for cancer, as well as several other diseases. But scientists have struggled to explain how the green tea and its extracts may work to reduce the risk of cancer or to slow the growth of cancer cells. Continue reading

Radiation for prostate cancer linked to secondary cancers, study finds

Radiation for prostate cancer linked to secondary cancers, study finds

Among men treated for prostate cancer, those who received radiation therapy were more likely to develop bladder or rectal cancer, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center. “Overall the incidence of these cancers is low Continue reading