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Tag Archives: National

One injection stops diabetes in its tracks: Treatment reverses symptoms of type 2 diabetes in mice without side effects

One injection stops diabetes in its tracks: Treatment reverses symptoms of type 2 diabetes in mice without side effects

In mice with diet-induced diabetes — the equivalent of type 2 diabetes in humans — a single injection of the protein FGF1 is enough to restore blood sugar levels to a healthy range for more than two days. The discovery by Salk scientists, published today in the journal Nature , could lead to a new generation of safer, more effective diabetes drugs Continue reading

Marijuana dependence alters the brain’s response to drug paraphernalia

Marijuana dependence alters the brain’s response to drug paraphernalia

New research from The University of Texas at Dallas demonstrates that drug paraphernalia triggers the reward areas of the brain differently in dependent and non-dependent marijuana users. The study, published July 1 in Drug and Alcohol Dependence , demonstrated that different areas of the brain activated when dependent and non-dependent users were exposed to drug-related cues. The 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health shows marijuana is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States. Continue reading

Health risks posed by ‘third hand’ tobacco smoke

Health risks posed by ‘third hand’ tobacco smoke

Research led by the University of York has highlighted the potential cancer risk in non-smokers — particularly young children — of tobacco smoke gases and particles deposited to surfaces and dust in the home. Until now, the risks of this exposure known as ‘third hand tobacco smoke’ have been highly uncertain and not considered in public policy. However, a new study published in the journal Environment International, has estimated for the first time the potential cancer risk by age group through non-dietary ingestion and dermal exposure to third hand smoke Continue reading

Live kidney donors face ‘pointless’ insurance troubles

Live kidney donors face ‘pointless’ insurance troubles

Healthy living kidney donors often face pointless post-donation hurdles when seeking or changing health or life insurance, according to results of a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers. “Living donors are some of the healthiest people in the United States Continue reading

Live kidney donors face ‘pointless’ insurance troubles

Live kidney donors face ‘pointless’ insurance troubles

Healthy living kidney donors often face pointless post-donation hurdles when seeking or changing health or life insurance, according to results of a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers. “Living donors are some of the healthiest people in the United States. They’re heavily screened before they’re approved for donation and should be easily insurable,” says study leader Dorry Segev, M.D., Ph.D., M.H.S., an associate professor of surgery and epidemiology at The Johns Hopkins University Continue reading

Hidden Variations in Neuronal Networks May Explain Differences In Traumatic Brain Injury Outcomes

Hidden Variations in Neuronal Networks May Explain Differences In Traumatic Brain Injury Outcomes

A team of researchers at the Neuroscience Institute at Georgia State University has discovered that hidden differences in the properties of neural circuits can account for whether animals are behaviorally susceptible to brain injury. These results could have implications for the treatment of brain trauma Continue reading

SIDS risks vary by infant age: Bed sharing remains greatest risk factor for sleep related infant deaths

SIDS risks vary by infant age: Bed sharing remains greatest risk factor for sleep related infant deaths

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related causes of infant mortality have several known risk factors, but little is known if these factors change for different age groups. In a new study in the August 2014 Pediatrics, “Sleep Environment Risks for Younger and Older Infants,” published online July 14, researchers studied sleep-related infant deaths from 24 states from 2004-2012 in the case reporting system of the National Center for the Review and Prevention of Child Deaths Continue reading

‘Mississippi Baby’ now has detectable HIV, researchers find

‘Mississippi Baby’ now has detectable HIV, researchers find

The child known as the “Mississippi baby” — an infant seemingly cured of HIV that was reported as a case study of a prolonged remission of HIV infection in The New England Journal of Medicine last fall — now has detectable levels of HIV after more than two years of not taking antiretroviral therapy without evidence of virus, according to the pediatric HIV specialist and researchers involved in the case. “Certainly, this is a disappointing turn of events for this young child, the medical staff involved in the child’s care, and the HIV/AIDS research community,” said NIAID Director Anthony S Continue reading

‘Mississippi Baby’ now has detectable HIV, researchers find

‘Mississippi Baby’ now has detectable HIV, researchers find

The child known as the “Mississippi baby” — an infant seemingly cured of HIV that was reported as a case study of a prolonged remission of HIV infection in The New England Journal of Medicine last fall — now has detectable levels of HIV after more than two years of not taking antiretroviral therapy without evidence of virus, according to the pediatric HIV specialist and researchers involved in the case. “Certainly, this is a disappointing turn of events for this young child, the medical staff involved in the child’s care, and the HIV/AIDS research community,” said NIAID Director Anthony S Continue reading

Nanoparticles used to enhance chemotherapy

Nanoparticles used to enhance chemotherapy

University of Georgia researchers have developed a new formulation of cisplatin, a common chemotherapy drug, that significantly increases the drug’s ability to target and destroy cancerous cells. Continue reading