List/Grid

Tag Archives: National

Child maltreatment underreported in medicaid claims, study finds

Child maltreatment underreported in medicaid claims, study finds

Medicaid claims are a poor way to identify child abuse and neglect at a population level, according to a study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis. Lead author Ramesh Raghavan, PhD, associate professor at the Brown School and of psychiatry at the School of Medicine, examined Medicaid records from 36 states for 1,921 children in the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being, whom caseworkers had identified as having been maltreated, and who had received Medicaid-funded services. Continue reading

Many Patients Excluded From Lung Cancer Clinical Trials Due to Prior Cancer, Study Finds

Many Patients Excluded From Lung Cancer Clinical Trials Due to Prior Cancer, Study Finds

Lung cancer clinical trials exclude a substantial proportion of patients due to a history of prior cancer, as shown in an analysis by cancer researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center. Among more than 50 lung cancer clinical trials examined, more than 80 percent excluded patients with prior cancer from participating, according to the study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute Continue reading

ADHD: Brains not recognizing angry expressions

ADHD: Brains not recognizing angry expressions

Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior in children with ADHD can result in social problems and they tend to be excluded from peer activities. They have been found to have impaired recognition of emotional expression from other faces. Continue reading

Federal food program puts food on the table, but dietary quality could be improved

Federal food program puts food on the table, but dietary quality could be improved

A new American Cancer Society study suggests that participants in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), previously known as the food stamp program, had lower dietary quality scores compared with income eligible non-participants. The authors say the findings emphasize the need to bolster programs aimed at enhancing the dietary quality of SNAP participants. Continue reading

Some concussion education more useful than others, parents say

Some concussion education more useful than others, parents say

Many parents whose kids participate in athletics will be asked to sign a waiver about concussion education, but that’s not enough to ensure parents are confident about handling the injury, according to a new University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health. In the poll, about half of the 912 parents of middle and high school children surveyed reported participation in some type of concussion education: • 23% have read a brochure or online information • 17% have watched a video or attended a presentation • 11% have signed a waiver form, with no other educational component • 49% report no concussion education at all Concussion education is more common among parents of children who play sports compared to non-sports parents (58% vs 31%). Continue reading

Some concussion education more useful than others, parents say

Some concussion education more useful than others, parents say

Many parents whose kids participate in athletics will be asked to sign a waiver about concussion education, but that’s not enough to ensure parents are confident about handling the injury, according to a new University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health. In the poll, about half of the 912 parents of middle and high school children surveyed reported participation in some type of concussion education: • 23% have read a brochure or online information • 17% have watched a video or attended a presentation • 11% have signed a waiver form, with no other educational component • 49% report no concussion education at all Concussion education is more common among parents of children who play sports compared to non-sports parents (58% vs 31%). Continue reading

Nurse survey shows longer working hours impact on quality of care

Nurse survey shows longer working hours impact on quality of care

Results of a survey of more than 30,000 nurses across Europe show that nurses who work longer shifts and more overtime are more likely to rate the standard of care delivered on their ward as poor, give a negative rating of their hospitals safety and omit necessary patient care. Led by researchers at the University of Southampton and the National Nursing Research Unit (NNRU) at King’s College London, the RN4CAST survey of nurses in over 450 hospitals across 12 European countries, was part of an international research programme looking at links between nursing workforce issues and patient outcomes Continue reading

U.S. health system not properly designed to meet needs of patients nearing end of life, say experts

U.S. health system not properly designed to meet needs of patients nearing end of life, say experts

The U.S. health care system is not properly designed to meet the needs of patients nearing the end of life and those of their families, and major changes to the system are necessary, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine. The 21-member committee that wrote the report envisioned an approach to end-of-life care that integrates traditional medical care and social services and that is high-quality, affordable, and sustainable Continue reading

Math model designed to replace invasive kidney biopsy for lupus patients

Math model designed to replace invasive kidney biopsy for lupus patients

Mathematics might be able to reduce the need for invasive biopsies in patients suffering kidney damage related to the autoimmune disease lupus. In a new study, researchers developed a math model that can predict the progression from nephritis – kidney inflammation – to interstitial fibrosis, scarring in the kidney that current treatments cannot reverse. A kidney biopsy is the only existing way to reach a definitive diagnosis of the damage and its extent Continue reading

Math model designed to replace invasive kidney biopsy for lupus patients

Math model designed to replace invasive kidney biopsy for lupus patients

Mathematics might be able to reduce the need for invasive biopsies in patients suffering kidney damage related to the autoimmune disease lupus. In a new study, researchers developed a math model that can predict the progression from nephritis – kidney inflammation – to interstitial fibrosis, scarring in the kidney that current treatments cannot reverse Continue reading