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Tag Archives: public-health

Large variation in Cesarean rates across US hospitals

Large variation in Cesarean rates across US hospitals

Cesarean delivery is the most common inpatient surgery in the United States. US cesarean rates increased from 20.7% in 1996 to 32.9% in 2009 but have since stabilized, with 1.3 million American women having had a cesarean delivery in 2011 Continue reading

Salmonella-infected mice that were given antibiotics became superspreaders

Salmonella-infected mice that were given antibiotics became superspreaders

Salmonella-infected mice that were given antibiotics became sicker and began shedding far more bacteria in their feces than they had before. Some people infected with pathogens spread their germs to others while remaining symptom-free themselves. Now, investigators at the Stanford University School of Medicine believe they may know why Continue reading

Three people infected with Ebola predicted to fly from West Africa every month if no exit screening takes place

Three people infected with Ebola predicted to fly from West Africa every month if no exit screening takes place

Three Ebola-infected travellers are predicted to depart on an international flight every month from any of the three countries in West Africa currently experiencing widespread Ebola virus outbreaks (Guinea, Liberia, or Sierra Leone), if no exit screening were to take place, according to new modelling research published in The Lancet. Dr Kamran Khan at St Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, Canada, and colleagues analysed 2014 worldwide flight schedules and historic flight itineraries of passengers from 2013 to predict expected population movements out of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. They also used WHO Ebola virus surveillance data to model the expected number of exported Ebola virus infections and to determine how useful air travel restrictions and airport departure and arrival screening might be in controlling the spread of the deadly virus Continue reading

Three people infected with Ebola predicted to fly from West Africa every month if no exit screening takes place

Three people infected with Ebola predicted to fly from West Africa every month if no exit screening takes place

Three Ebola-infected travellers are predicted to depart on an international flight every month from any of the three countries in West Africa currently experiencing widespread Ebola virus outbreaks (Guinea, Liberia, or Sierra Leone), if no exit screening were to take place, according to new modelling research published in The Lancet. Continue reading

Positive subliminal messages on aging improve physical functioning in elderly

Positive subliminal messages on aging improve physical functioning in elderly

Older individuals who are subliminally exposed to positive stereotypes about aging showed improved physical functioning that can last for several weeks, a new study led by the Yale School of Public Health has found. Continue reading

Ebola screening for more UK airports

Ebola screening for more UK airports

unable to retrieve full-text contentPassenger screening for Ebola is to be extended from Heathrow to Manchester and Birmingham airports, the head of Public Health England says. Continue reading

I have to walk how many miles to burn off this soda?

I have to walk how many miles to burn off this soda?

Adolescents who saw printed signs explaining the number of miles they would need to walk to burn off the calories in a sugary drink were more likely to leave the store with a lower calorie beverage, a healthier beverage or a smaller size beverage, according to new Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health research. Continue reading

Study questions 21-day quarantine period for Ebola

Study questions 21-day quarantine period for Ebola

As medical personnel and public health officials are responding to the first reported cases of Ebola Virus in the United States, many of the safety and treatment procedures for treating the virus and preventing its spread are being reexamined. One of the tenets for minimizing the risk of spreading the disease has been a 21-day quarantine period for individuals who might have been exposed to the virus. But a new study by Charles Haas, PhD, a professor in Drexel’s College of Engineering, suggests that 21 days might not be enough to completely prevent spread of the virus. Continue reading

Researchers look to exploit females’ natural resistance to infection

Researchers look to exploit females’ natural resistance to infection

Researchers have linked increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia in female mice to an enzyme activated by the female sex hormone estrogen. Females are naturally more resistant to respiratory infections than males. Now, an international team of scientists has shown that increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia in female mice is linked to the enzyme nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) Continue reading

Suicide and gender roles: Reporting distorts reality

Suicide and gender roles: Reporting distorts reality

Men angry and rejected, women sociable and mentally ill — a current study by the MedUni Vienna demonstrates that these gender stereotypes prevail when Austrian daily newspapers report on suicide. This has far-reaching consequences. Continue reading