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Tag Archives: public-health

Best exercise for obese youths analyzed

Best exercise for obese youths analyzed

What exercise program can best fight the “epidemic” of teen obesity? According to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association ( JAMA ) Pediatrics , by combining aerobic exercise with resistance training. The Healthy Eating Aerobic and Resistance Training in Youth (HEARTY) study, led by researchers at the University of Calgary and University of Ottawa, involved 304 overweight teens in the Ottawa/Gatineau area between the ages of 14 to 18 Continue reading

Actions on climate change bring better health, study says

Actions on climate change bring better health, study says

The number of extremely hot days in Eastern and Midwestern U.S. cities is projected to triple by mid-century, according to a new study led by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers and published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association . Milwaukee and New York City could experience three times as many 90-degree days by 2046; Dallas could see twice as many days topping 100 degrees Continue reading

Some patients with advanced, incurable cancer denied palliative care

Some patients with advanced, incurable cancer denied palliative care

Many patients with advanced, incurable cancer do not receive any palliative care, reveals new research to be presented later this month at the ESMO 2014 Congress in Madrid, Spain, 26-30 September. The findings are astonishing as they come at the same time as 15 new oncology centres in Europe, Canada, South America and Africa are being awarded the title of ‘ESMO Designated Centre of Integrated Oncology and Palliative Care.’ SR I Dr Alexandru Grigorescu, medical oncology consultant at the Institute of Oncology Bucharest, Romania, member of the ESMO Palliative Care Working Group, said: “The integration of palliative care in oncology is a challenge. This is especially the case for countries with few resources, where the healthcare budget is low, with insufficient palliative care specialists and some drugs are unavailable as hospitals do not have the funds to buy them.” “ESMO brings a new approach to palliative care, namely by integrating it with specific anticancer treatment conducted in medical oncology departments,” continued Grigorescu Continue reading

Obesity in Pacific islands ‘a colonial legacy’ of settlers trying to civilize the locals

Obesity in Pacific islands ‘a colonial legacy’ of settlers trying to civilize the locals

Scientists have known for some time that Pacific islanders are more prone to obesity than people in other nations. Continue reading

VIP: New way to prevent spread of devastating diseases

VIP: New way to prevent spread of devastating diseases

For decades, researchers have tried to develop broadly effective vaccines to prevent the spread of illnesses such as HIV, malaria, and tuberculosis. While limited progress has been made along these lines, there are still no licensed vaccinations available that can protect most people from these devastating diseases. So what are immunologists to do when vaccines just aren’t working Continue reading

Phthalates heighten risk for childhood asthma

Phthalates heighten risk for childhood asthma

Researchers at the Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health are the first to demonstrate an association between childhood asthma and prenatal exposure to two phthalates used in a diverse array of household products. Results appear online in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives . Children born to mothers exposed during pregnancy to higher levels of the chemicals, butylbenzyl phthalate (BBzP) and di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) had a 72 percent and 78 percent increase in risk of developing asthma between age 5 and 11, respectively, compared with children of mothers with lower levels of exposure, the researchers found. Continue reading

Rugby players ‘risk skin infections’

Rugby players ‘risk skin infections’

unable to retrieve full-text contentRugby players who share towels, razors and cold baths are at risk of sharing serious skin infections too, public health experts warn. Continue reading

Vitamin E intake critical during ‘the first 1,000 days’

Vitamin E intake critical during ‘the first 1,000 days’

Amid conflicting reports about the need for vitamin E and how much is enough, a new analysis published today suggests that adequate levels of this essential micronutrient are especially critical for the very young, the elderly, and women who are or may become pregnant. Continue reading

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

New research from Arizona State University and the University of Tokyo that analyzes transmission rates of Ebola in West African countries shows how rapidly the disease is spreading. Researchers Gerardo Chowell-Puente, ASU School of Human Evolution and Social Change Associate Professor, and Hiroshi Nishiura of the University of Tokyo found that transmission rates for each single case of Ebola consistently showed at least one new case of the disease being transmitted. Country-specific analysis of transmission rates in Liberia and Sierra Leone showed on average between one and two new cases for every existing case Continue reading

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

New research from Arizona State University and the University of Tokyo that analyzes transmission rates of Ebola in West African countries shows how rapidly the disease is spreading. Researchers Gerardo Chowell-Puente, ASU School of Human Evolution and Social Change Associate Professor, and Hiroshi Nishiura of the University of Tokyo found that transmission rates for each single case of Ebola consistently showed at least one new case of the disease being transmitted. Country-specific analysis of transmission rates in Liberia and Sierra Leone showed on average between one and two new cases for every existing case Continue reading