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Tag Archives: public-health

Challenges ahead in improving child health by increasing access to sanitation in India

Challenges ahead in improving child health by increasing access to sanitation in India

A study published in this week’s PLOS Medicine on large-scale rural sanitation programs in India highlights challenges in achieving sufficient access to latrines and reduction in open defecation to yield significant health benefits for young children. The researchers, led by Sumeet Patil from the School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, and the Network for Engineering and Economics Research and Management in Mumbai, India conducted a cluster randomised controlled trial in 80 rural villages in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh to measure the effect of India’s Total Sanitation campaign (an initiative to increase access to improved sanitation throughout rural India) on household latrine availability, defecation behaviors, and child health Continue reading

When a health risk is close to home, health care professionals base their positions on vaccines on their own emotions, personal experiences

When a health risk is close to home, health care professionals base their positions on vaccines on their own emotions, personal experiences

When a health risk gets closer to home, health care professionals base their positions on vaccines more on emotions and personal experiences than on scientific and analytical knowledge, according to a new study by the School of Public Health at the University of Haifa. Continue reading

Salmonella ‘from single egg source’

Salmonella ‘from single egg source’

unable to retrieve full-text contentThe outbreak of salmonella in England is likely to have come from a single source of eggs, according to Public Health England. Continue reading

Salmonella ‘from single egg source’

Salmonella ‘from single egg source’

unable to retrieve full-text contentThe outbreak of salmonella in England is likely to have come from a single source of eggs, according to Public Health England. Continue reading

Seals and sea lions likely spread tuberculosis to humans

Seals and sea lions likely spread tuberculosis to humans

Tuberculosis is one of the most persistent and deadliest infectious diseases in the world, killing one to two million people each year. Scientists who study tuberculosis have long debated its origins Continue reading

Teen sleeplessness piles on risk for obesity

Teen sleeplessness piles on risk for obesity

Teenagers who don’t get enough sleep may wake up to worse consequences than nodding off during chemistry class. According to new research, risk of being obese by age 21 was 20 percent higher among 16-year-olds who got less than six hours of sleep a night, compared with their peers who slumbered more than eight hours. (The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends nine to ten hours of sleep for teenagers.) Researchers at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University and the University of North Carolina Gillings School of Public Health are the first to examine the effect of sleeplessness on obesity in teenagers over time, providing the strongest evidence yet that lack of sleep raises risk for an elevated BMI Continue reading

Women will benefit from the Affordable Care Act’s contraceptive coverage

Women will benefit from the Affordable Care Act’s contraceptive coverage

Women could benefit greatly from the Affordable Care Act’s mandate for contraceptive coverage, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. The Affordable Care Act requires private insurance plans — except those grandfathered or exempted due to employers’ religious beliefs — to provide women with access to all FDA-approved contraceptive methods without cost-sharing. This first-dollar coverage “has the potential to dramatically shift contraceptive use patterns, to reduce the U.S. Continue reading

Intimacy a strong motivator for PrEP HIV prevention

Intimacy a strong motivator for PrEP HIV prevention

Men in steady same-sex relationships where both partners are HIV negative will often forgo condoms out of a desire to preserve intimacy, even if they also have sex outside the relationship. But the risk of HIV still lurks. In a new study of gay and bisexual men who reported at least one instance of condomless anal sex in the last 30 days, researchers found that the same desire for intimacy is also a strong predictor of whether men would be willing to take antiretroviral medications to prevent HIV, an emerging practice known as pre-exposure prophylaxis or PrEP Continue reading

Why aren’t pregnant women getting flu vaccine?

Why aren’t pregnant women getting flu vaccine?

Both mother and fetus are at increased risk for complications of flu infection during pregnancy. And prenatal care providers say they’re advising women to get the flu vaccine, in line with recommendations from various organizations. Continue reading

Salmonella outbreak investigated

Salmonella outbreak investigated

unable to retrieve full-text contentPublic Health England is investigating a Salmonella outbreak which has affected more than 150 people in England over the past few months. Continue reading