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Tag Archives: public-health

Young women with polycystic ovary syndrome are 5 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes

Young women with polycystic ovary syndrome are 5 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes

A leading expert on reproductive health says young women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) have a startlingly higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, even if young and not overweight. The research led by Professor Helena Teede and Dr Anju Joham, from the School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine at Monash University analysed a large-scale epidemiological study, called the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women’s Health, which revealed the findings. Over 6000 women aged between 25-28 years were monitored for nine years, including 500 with diagnosed PCOS Continue reading

Girls aged 11 ‘trying e-cigarettes’

Girls aged 11 ‘trying e-cigarettes’

unable to retrieve full-text contentGirls as young as 11 can get e-cigarettes easily from shops, friends, and parents, public health officials in Wales warn. Continue reading

Boost for dopamine packaging protects brain in Parkinson’s model

Boost for dopamine packaging protects brain in Parkinson’s model

Researchers from Emory’s Rollins School of Public Health discovered that an increase in the protein that helps store dopamine, a critical brain chemical, led to enhanced dopamine neurotransmission and protection from a Parkinson’s disease-related neurotoxin in mice. Dopamine and related neurotransmitters are stored in small storage packages called vesicles by the vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT2). Continue reading

Soft-drink tax worth its weight in lost kilos

Soft-drink tax worth its weight in lost kilos

A tax on sweetened soft drinks could be an effective weapon in the war against obesity, generating weight losses of up to 3.64 kilograms as individuals reduce their consumption. Researchers from Monash University, Imperial College London and University of York and Lancaster University, England have estimated the extent to which drinking habits would change if beverages such as carbonated non-diet soft drinks; cordials and fruit drinks were taxed Continue reading

Improving diet quality reduces risk for type 2 diabetes

Improving diet quality reduces risk for type 2 diabetes

Improving the overall quality of one’s diet helps to prevent type 2 diabetes, independent of other lifestyle changes, according to a study presented at the American Diabetes Association’s 74th Scientific Sessions®. The study, by researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health, found that those who improved their diet quality index scores by 10 percent over four years — by eating more whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and less sweetened beverages and saturated fats, for example — reduced their risk for type 2 diabetes by about 20 percent, compared to those who made no changes to their diets Continue reading

Second hospital feed baby dies

Second hospital feed baby dies

unable to retrieve full-text contentA second baby given suspected contaminated hospital feed has died, but the death is not thought to be related to the infection, says Public Health England. Continue reading

Lead abatement a wise economic, public health investment

Lead abatement a wise economic, public health investment

Childhood lead exposure costs Michigan residents an estimated $330 million annually, and a statewide remediation program to eliminate the source of most lead poisoning would pay for itself in three years, according to a new report. “Economic Impacts of Lead Exposure and Remediation in Michigan,” compares the cost of four well-documented impacts of lead exposure­–increased health care, increased crime, increase in special education, and decline in lifetime earnings–with the cost of lead abatement of high-risk homes. The report is a collaboration between the University of Michigan Risk Science Center in the School of Public Health and the Michigan Network for Children’s Environmental Health. Continue reading

Lead abatement a wise economic, public health investment

Lead abatement a wise economic, public health investment

Childhood lead exposure costs Michigan residents an estimated $330 million annually, and a statewide remediation program to eliminate the source of most lead poisoning would pay for itself in three years, according to a new report. Continue reading

Restoring trust in VA health care

Restoring trust in VA health care

In the wake of recent revelations of overly long patient wait times and systematic manipulation and falsification of reported wait-time data, UC Davis and Harvard public policy leaders believe the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health-care system’s problems can be fixed by strong leadership, greater transparency and reforms that refocus the organization on its primary mission of providing timely access to consistently high-quality care. In their Perspective article, published online in the New England Journal of Medicine , authors Kenneth W. Kizer and Ashish K Continue reading

When hospital workers get vaccines, community flu rates fall, study shows

When hospital workers get vaccines, community flu rates fall, study shows

For every 15 healthcare providers who receive the influenza vaccination, one fewer person in the community will contract an influenza-like illness, according to a study using California public health data from 2009 — 2012. Continue reading