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Nicotine withdrawal weakens brain connections tied to self-control over cigarette cravings

Nicotine withdrawal weakens brain connections tied to self-control over cigarette cravings

People who try to quit smoking often say that kicking the habit makes the voice inside telling them to light up even louder, but why people succumb to those cravings so often has never been fully understood. Now, a new brain imaging study in this week’s JAMA Psychiatry from scientists in Penn Medicine and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Intramural Research Program shows how smokers suffering from nicotine withdrawal may have more trouble shifting from a key brain network — known as default mode, when people are in a so-called “introspective” or “self-referential” state — and into a control network, the so-called executive control network, that could help exert more conscious, self-control over cravings and to focus on quitting for good Continue reading

Lifestyle changes linked to better outcomes after peripheral intervention

Lifestyle changes linked to better outcomes after peripheral intervention

Dec. Continue reading

Lifestyle changes linked to better outcomes after peripheral intervention

Lifestyle changes linked to better outcomes after peripheral intervention

Dec. Continue reading

Light smokers ‘double death risk’

Light smokers ‘double death risk’

11 December 2012 Last updated at 21:53 ET By Michelle Roberts Health editor, BBC News online Women who are light smokers – including those who smoke just one cigarette a day – double their chance of sudden death, a large study suggests. Continue reading

Drug helps women who stop smoking keep off weight

Drug helps women who stop smoking keep off weight

Dec. Continue reading

Preterm birth may be prevented with a few proven treatments, experts say

Preterm birth may be prevented with a few proven treatments, experts say

ScienceDaily (Nov. 15, 2012) — Lowering preterm birth rates by an average of 5 percent across 39 high-resource countries, including the United States, by 2015 would prevent prematurity for 58,000 babies a year, a group of international experts said on November 15 Continue reading

Sugar boosts self-control

Sugar boosts self-control

ScienceDaily (Nov. 7, 2012) — To boost self-control, gargle sugar water. According to a study co-authored by University of Georgia professor of psychology Leonard Martin published Oct. Continue reading

Team support for cessation in the workplace helped motivate cigarette smokers to quit

Team support for cessation in the workplace helped motivate cigarette smokers to quit

ScienceDaily (Oct. 18, 2012) — When smoking co-workers in the same team are placed on a cessation program, providing financial incentives to the team collectively in return for success of the smokers in the cessation program helped the smokers to quit smoking and remain abstinent for 12 months, according to data presented at the 11th Annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research, held in Anaheim, Calif., Oct. 16-19, 2012. Continue reading

Team support for cessation in the workplace helped motivate cigarette smokers to quit

Team support for cessation in the workplace helped motivate cigarette smokers to quit

ScienceDaily (Oct. 18, 2012) — When smoking co-workers in the same team are placed on a cessation program, providing financial incentives to the team collectively in return for success of the smokers in the cessation program helped the smokers to quit smoking and remain abstinent for 12 months, according to data presented at the 11th Annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research, held in Anaheim, Calif., Oct. 16-19, 2012. Continue reading

Value of combined approach to quitting smoking confirmed

Value of combined approach to quitting smoking confirmed

ScienceDaily (Oct. 18, 2012) — Smokers who try to quit would be more successful if they combined medication or nicotine-replacement therapy with behavioral counseling, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library. Continue reading