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Intermittent montelukast in children aged 10 months to 5 years with wheeze

Intermittent montelukast in children aged 10 months to 5 years with wheeze

Date: September 8, 2014 Source: The Lancet Summary: This study of 1,358 children investigated whether intermittent montelukast — a drug widely used to treat wheeze and other asthmatic symptoms — compared with placebo, reduced wheezing episodes in children aged 10 months to 5 years, and whether patient outcome differed according to genotype. This study of 1358 children investigated whether intermittent montelukast (a drug widely used to treat wheeze and other asthmatic symptoms) compared with placebo, reduced wheezing episodes in children aged 10 months to 5 years, and whether patient outcome differed according to genotype. Study authors found that intermittent montelukast only reduced wheezing episodes in children with arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase (ALOX5) gene promoter 5/5, a gene that has previously been associated with a better response to montelukast in adults Continue reading

First study of brain activation in MS using fNIRS

First study of brain activation in MS using fNIRS

Using functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), Kessler Foundation researchers have shown differential brain activation patterns between people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy controls. This is the first MS study in which brain activation was studied using fNIRS while participants performed a cognitive task Continue reading

When it comes to how pizza looks, cheese matters

When it comes to how pizza looks, cheese matters

Date: August 21, 2014 Source: Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Summary: Most consumers have an idea what they want their pizza slice to look like. Continue reading

Impact of race, ethnicity in motor complete spinal cord injury

Impact of race, ethnicity in motor complete spinal cord injury

Researchers have published a study examining racial and ethnic influences in the outcomes of patients with motor complete spinal cord injury (SCI). The article, “Racial and ethnic disparities in functioning at discharge and follow-up among patients with motor complete SCI,” was published online ahead of print on August 2 by the Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation . Findings included small but significant differences in self-care and mobility at discharge; no differences were apparent at 1-year followup. Continue reading

Mental Health Disparities Higher for Older African American Adults

Mental Health Disparities Higher for Older African American Adults

Date: August 12, 2014 Source: Taylor & Francis Summary: A new, revealing literature review suggests that older African American adults are more likely to be diagnosed with depression, anxiety, and dementia than others. The study reviews the mental health issues among the rapidly growing African American older adult population Continue reading

Prognosis of pneumonia: value of respiratory rate often overlooked

Prognosis of pneumonia: value of respiratory rate often overlooked

Date: August 12, 2014 Source: Deutsches Aerzteblatt International Summary: Pneumonia – a severe lung infection – is the most common disease calling for hospital admission. More than one out of ten pneumonia patients die of the disease Continue reading

Scientists confirm effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation in MS

Scientists confirm effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation in MS

Date: August 8, 2014 Source: Kessler Foundation Summary: In individuals with MS, patterns of brain activity associated with learning were maintained at six months post training, scientists report in a new article following up on a long term study. For the pilot study, participants underwent evaluation of memory performance and brain activity at baseline, immediately following memory retraining, and at 6-month followup. Results showed that the patterns of increased cerebral activation that correlated with learning were maintained at 6-month followup Continue reading

Scientists confirm effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation in MS

Scientists confirm effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation in MS

Date: August 8, 2014 Source: Kessler Foundation Summary: In individuals with MS, patterns of brain activity associated with learning were maintained at six months post training, scientists report in a new article following up on a long term study. Continue reading

Media exposure, sympathetic nervous system reactivity predict PTSD symptoms in adolescents

Media exposure, sympathetic nervous system reactivity predict PTSD symptoms in adolescents

Date: August 4, 2014 Source: Wiley Summary: Following the terrorist attack at the 2013 Boston marathon, adolescents with lower levels of sympathetic reactivity before the attack developed post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms only following high exposure to media coverage of the attack, a study that surveyed youth has found. Continue reading

Rapid diagnostic tests for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis: Review completed

Rapid diagnostic tests for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis: Review completed

Researchers from the Cochrane Infectious Disease Group, co-ordinated through the editorial base in LSTM, conducted an independent review into the effectiveness of rapid diagnostic tests in diagnosing patients with visceral leishmaniasis (VL), published in The Cochrane Library today. VL (or kala-azar) is caused by a parasite and results in fever, a large spleen and other health problems. Continue reading