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Tag Archives: Research

Poor sleep quality linked to lower physical activity in people with PTSD

Poor sleep quality linked to lower physical activity in people with PTSD

A new study shows that worse sleep quality predicts lower physical activity in people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Results show that PTSD was independently associated with worse sleep quality at baseline, and participants with current PTSD at baseline had lower physical activity one year later. Further analysis found that sleep quality completely mediated the relationship between baseline PTSD status and physical activity at the one-year follow-up, providing preliminary evidence that the association of reduced sleep quality with reduced physical activity could comprise a behavioral link to negative health outcomes such as obesity. Continue reading

Making a mental match: Pairing mechanical device with stroke patients

Making a mental match: Pairing mechanical device with stroke patients

The repetitive facilitation exercise (RFE) is one of the most common rehabilitation tactics for stroke patients attempting to regain wrist movement. Stroke hemiparesis individuals are not able to move that part of their body because they cannot create a strong enough neural signal that travels from the brain to the wrist. With RFE, however, patients get a mental boost. Continue reading

Immune response to infectious disease: New findings on properdin

Immune response to infectious disease: New findings on properdin

University of Leicester researchers — including three PhD graduates — contribute significantly to knowledge in immunology University of Leicester researchers have released evidence substantiating an unexpected dual role of an important component of the immune system. Findings by researchers at the University’s Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation — including three PhD graduates — are published in a paper for the journal ‘Medical Microbiology and Immunology’ Continue reading

Health risks posed by ‘third hand’ tobacco smoke

Health risks posed by ‘third hand’ tobacco smoke

Research led by the University of York has highlighted the potential cancer risk in non-smokers — particularly young children — of tobacco smoke gases and particles deposited to surfaces and dust in the home. Until now, the risks of this exposure known as ‘third hand tobacco smoke’ have been highly uncertain and not considered in public policy. However, a new study published in the journal Environment International, has estimated for the first time the potential cancer risk by age group through non-dietary ingestion and dermal exposure to third hand smoke Continue reading

Health risks posed by ‘third hand’ tobacco smoke

Health risks posed by ‘third hand’ tobacco smoke

Research led by the University of York has highlighted the potential cancer risk in non-smokers — particularly young children — of tobacco smoke gases and particles deposited to surfaces and dust in the home. Until now, the risks of this exposure known as ‘third hand tobacco smoke’ have been highly uncertain and not considered in public policy. However, a new study published in the journal Environment International, has estimated for the first time the potential cancer risk by age group through non-dietary ingestion and dermal exposure to third hand smoke Continue reading

Preventing heart disease in New York City children and their caregivers

Preventing heart disease in New York City children and their caregivers

Mount Sinai Heart at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has been awarded a $3.8 million grant by the American Heart Association (AHA) to promote cardiovascular health among high-risk New York City children, and their parents, living in Harlem and the Bronx. With assistance from the NYC Administration for Children’s Services (ACS), the research team’s mission is to reduce each child’s future risk of obesity, heart attack, stroke, and type 2 diabetes Continue reading

Likely origin of lung fungus invading Pacific Northwest found by study

Likely origin of lung fungus invading Pacific Northwest found by study

Cryptococcus gattii , a virulent fungus that has invaded the Pacific Northwest is highly adaptive and warrants global “public health vigilance,” according to a study by an international team led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen). C. gattii , which likely originated in Brazil, is responsible for dozens of deaths in recent years since it was first found in 1999 on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada, well outside its usual tropical habitats Continue reading

Cardiac patients underserved globally due to lack of rehab programs, says researcher

Cardiac patients underserved globally due to lack of rehab programs, says researcher

Rehabilitation programs must become an integral part of cardiac care to significantly reduce the burden of living with heart disease, one of the most common chronic diseases and causes of death globally, according to York University Professor Sherry Grace. “Cardiac rehabilitation is a cost-effective program offering heart patients exercise, education and risk reduction,” says Grace, noting that participation results in 25 per cent less death, lower re-hospitalization rates and better quality of life. Despite these benefits, cardiac rehabilitation is vastly underused, particularly compared with costly revascularization and medical therapy, according to the review Grace conducted with Karam Turk-Adawi in the Cardiovascular Rehabilitation & Prevention Unit, University Health Network (UHN), and Dr. Continue reading

Four Lessons for Effective, Efficient Research in Health Care Settings

Four Lessons for Effective, Efficient Research in Health Care Settings

Thousands of studies take place every year in healthcare settings. A report published recently in the American Journal of Preventative Medicine describes how to do many of these studies more rapidly. By taking into account the real-world constraints of the systems in which providers deliver care and patients receive it, researchers can help speed results, cut costs, and increase chances that recommendations from their findings will be implemented. Continue reading

Progress in allergic asthma research after ingestion of fruits

Progress in allergic asthma research after ingestion of fruits

Researchers at the UPM suggest that the interaction between two proteins can be the responsible for the allergic asthma episodes after eating an infected fruit. Continue reading