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Immune response to infectious disease: New findings on properdin

Immune response to infectious disease: New findings on properdin

University of Leicester researchers — including three PhD graduates — contribute significantly to knowledge in immunology University of Leicester researchers have released evidence substantiating an unexpected dual role of an important component of the immune system. Findings by researchers at the University’s Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation — including three PhD graduates — are published in a paper for the journal ‘Medical Microbiology and Immunology’ Continue reading

Immune response to infectious disease: New findings on properdin

Immune response to infectious disease: New findings on properdin

University of Leicester researchers — including three PhD graduates — contribute significantly to knowledge in immunology University of Leicester researchers have released evidence substantiating an unexpected dual role of an important component of the immune system. Findings by researchers at the University’s Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation — including three PhD graduates — are published in a paper for the journal ‘Medical Microbiology and Immunology’ Continue reading

Protein’s ‘hands’ enable bacteria to establish infection, research finds

Protein’s ‘hands’ enable bacteria to establish infection, research finds

When it comes to infecting humans and animals, bacteria need a helping hand. Kansas State University biochemists have found the helping hand: groups of tiny protein loops on the surface of cells. These loops are similar to the fingers of a hand, and by observing seven individual loops on the surface of E. Continue reading

Genome-wide analysis reveals genetic similarities among friends: Study finds truth to ‘friends are the family you choose’

Genome-wide analysis reveals genetic similarities among friends: Study finds truth to ‘friends are the family you choose’

If you consider your friends family, you may be on to something. A study from the University of California, San Diego, and Yale University finds that friends who are not biologically related still resemble each other genetically. Continue reading

On the link between periodontitis and atherosclerosis

On the link between periodontitis and atherosclerosis

Chronic oral infection with the periodontal disease pathogen, Porphyromonas gingivalis , not only causes local inflammation of the gums leading to tooth loss but also is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis. A study published on July 10th in PLOS Pathogens now reveals how the pathogen evades the immune system to induce inflammation beyond the oral cavity Continue reading

On the link between periodontitis and atherosclerosis

On the link between periodontitis and atherosclerosis

Chronic oral infection with the periodontal disease pathogen, Porphyromonas gingivalis , not only causes local inflammation of the gums leading to tooth loss but also is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis. Continue reading

Researchers relate arrests with HIV risk environment

Researchers relate arrests with HIV risk environment

Practices used in policing injection drug users in Russia might contribute to HIV transmission and overdose mortality. A study, conducted by researchers from Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health, in collaboration with St. Continue reading

Incidence of childhood tuberculosis could be 25 percent higher than previous estimates

Incidence of childhood tuberculosis could be 25 percent higher than previous estimates

New estimates indicate that over 650,000 children develop tuberculosis (TB) every year in the 22 countries with a high burden of the disease (HBCs) — almost 25% higher than the total number of new cases worldwide estimated by WHO in 2012 (530,000). Continue reading

Dodging dots helps explain brain circuitry

Dodging dots helps explain brain circuitry

A neuroscience study provides new insight into the primal brain circuits involved in collision avoidance, and perhaps a more general model of how neurons can participate in networks to process information and act on it. In the study, Brown University neuroscientists tracked the cell-by-cell progress of neural signals from the eyes through the brains of tadpoles as they saw and reacted to stimuli including an apparently approaching black circle. In so doing, the researchers were able to gain a novel understanding of how individual cells contribute in a broader network that distinguishes impending collisions. Continue reading

First evidence for painless atrial fibrillation treatment

First evidence for painless atrial fibrillation treatment

The first evidence for a shockless treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF) will be presented today at Frontiers in CardioVascular Biology (FCVB) 2014 in Barcelona, Spain. The meeting is organised by the Council on Basic Cardiovascular Science of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in collaboration with 13 European cardiovascular science societies. Continue reading