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Designer ‘barrel’ proteins created

Designer ‘barrel’ proteins created

Proteins are long linear molecules that fold up to form well-defined 3D shapes. These 3D molecular architectures are essential for biological functions such as the elasticity of skin, the digestion of food, and the transport of oxygen in blood Continue reading

Competition keeps health-care costs low, U.S. researchers find

Competition keeps health-care costs low, U.S. researchers find

Medical practices in less competitive health-care markets charge more for services, according to a study conducted by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and the National Bureau of Economic Research. The study, based on U.S Continue reading

Smoking interferes with neurocognitive recovery during abstinence from alcohol

Smoking interferes with neurocognitive recovery during abstinence from alcohol

Numerous studies have shown that individuals with an alcohol use disorder perform worse than those without one on multiple neurocognitive domains of function following detoxification from alcohol, although the level of impairment can vary widely among individuals. A new study of the degree of neurocognitive recovery in treatment-seeking alcohol dependent individuals (ALC) — with varied degrees of smoking status — during the first eight months of sustained abstinence from alcohol has found that smoking status influenced the rate and level of recovery Continue reading

Smoking interferes with neurocognitive recovery during abstinence from alcohol

Smoking interferes with neurocognitive recovery during abstinence from alcohol

Numerous studies have shown that individuals with an alcohol use disorder perform worse than those without one on multiple neurocognitive domains of function following detoxification from alcohol, although the level of impairment can vary widely among individuals. A new study of the degree of neurocognitive recovery in treatment-seeking alcohol dependent individuals (ALC) — with varied degrees of smoking status — during the first eight months of sustained abstinence from alcohol has found that smoking status influenced the rate and level of recovery Continue reading

Bar attendance supports heavy drinking by young adults in the US-Mexico border region

Bar attendance supports heavy drinking by young adults in the US-Mexico border region

Due to a legal drinking age of 18 years, cheaper alcohol, and marketing tactics of local bars that specifically target youth, Mexico is an attractive and geographically nearby destination where younger U.S. residents legally drink heavily Continue reading

Bar attendance supports heavy drinking by young adults in the US-Mexico border region

Bar attendance supports heavy drinking by young adults in the US-Mexico border region

Due to a legal drinking age of 18 years, cheaper alcohol, and marketing tactics of local bars that specifically target youth, Mexico is an attractive and geographically nearby destination where younger U.S. residents legally drink heavily Continue reading

Diet for your DNA: Novel nutrition plan sparks debate around data protection

Diet for your DNA: Novel nutrition plan sparks debate around data protection

Personalized diet plans will not be widely accepted by the public until regulations are in place to protect information about our DNA, new research has shown. Led by Newcastle University, the Food4Me project is a €9 million EU project investigating the potential of nutrigenomics — a relatively new branch of nutrition which looks at how the food we eat affects the behaviour of our genes Continue reading

Overweight women lose in the labor market, study finds

Overweight women lose in the labor market, study finds

Overweight women are more likely to work in lower-paying and more physically demanding jobs; less likely to get higher-wage positions that include interaction with the public; and make less money in either case compared to average size women and all men, according to a new Vanderbilt study. “Starting when a woman becomes overweight, she is increasingly less likely to work in a personal interaction or personal communication occupation Continue reading

Large variation in Cesarean rates across US hospitals

Large variation in Cesarean rates across US hospitals

Cesarean delivery is the most common inpatient surgery in the United States. US cesarean rates increased from 20.7% in 1996 to 32.9% in 2009 but have since stabilized, with 1.3 million American women having had a cesarean delivery in 2011. Continue reading

Large variation in Cesarean rates across US hospitals

Large variation in Cesarean rates across US hospitals

Cesarean delivery is the most common inpatient surgery in the United States. US cesarean rates increased from 20.7% in 1996 to 32.9% in 2009 but have since stabilized, with 1.3 million American women having had a cesarean delivery in 2011 Continue reading