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Tag Archives: Social

Countries must work together to stop organ traffickers, says researcher

Countries must work together to stop organ traffickers, says researcher

The author of new research into organ trafficking has called for a concerted international effort to confront the problem. Continue reading

Policies of NIH, other funders, have improved data-sharing by life-science investigators

Policies of NIH, other funders, have improved data-sharing by life-science investigators

Policies put into place by major funding agencies like the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and to a lesser extent by scientific journals, appear to be meeting the goal of increasing the sharing of scientific resources among life science investigators. As reported in the open-access journal PLOS ONE , 65 percent of surveyed investigators at major U.S Continue reading

Dengue fever, malaria in the Himalayas

Dengue fever, malaria in the Himalayas

Research by Nepalese and German scientists from the Nepal Health Research Council, Goethe University and the LOEWE Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre analyzes the current situation of these diseases in the Himalayan country of Nepal and highlights how they profit from climate change and globalization. Dengue fever: high risk, little knowledge Although the first case of dengue fever in Nepal was only reported in 2004, the country was shaken by an epidemic already in 2010 Continue reading

Obesity in Pacific islands ‘a colonial legacy’ of settlers trying to civilize the locals

Obesity in Pacific islands ‘a colonial legacy’ of settlers trying to civilize the locals

Scientists have known for some time that Pacific islanders are more prone to obesity than people in other nations. Continue reading

Sibling bullying linked to later depression, self-harm

Sibling bullying linked to later depression, self-harm

A new study has found that children who revealed they had been bullied by their brothers or sisters several times a week or more during early adolescence were twice as likely to report being clinically depressed as young adults. They were also twice as likely to say they had self-harmed within the previous year compared with those who had not been bullied. The findings, published in the journal Pediatrics , are the results of the first longitudinal study to investigate possible links between sibling bullying and clinical depression and self-harm in young adults. Continue reading

In wake of uproar over Facebook’s emotional manipulation study, bioethics scholars say new rules are ‘moral imperative’

In wake of uproar over Facebook’s emotional manipulation study, bioethics scholars say new rules are ‘moral imperative’

In a digital world where many adults remember a time before personal computers and the internet existed, its not surprising that ethics policies and practices are still catching up to the technology, acknowledge an international team of research ethics scholars in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Continue reading

A meta-analysis of three types of peer norms and their relation with adolescent sexual behavior

A meta-analysis of three types of peer norms and their relation with adolescent sexual behavior

Researchers at Utrecht University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute collaborated on a meta-analysis of research on adolescent sexual behavior. The goal was to analyze how this behavior is related to adolescents’ perceptions of three types of sexual peer norms, including how sexually active their peers are, how much their peers would approve of being sexually active, or how much they feel pressured by their peers to have sex Continue reading

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

New research from Arizona State University and the University of Tokyo that analyzes transmission rates of Ebola in West African countries shows how rapidly the disease is spreading. Researchers Gerardo Chowell-Puente, ASU School of Human Evolution and Social Change Associate Professor, and Hiroshi Nishiura of the University of Tokyo found that transmission rates for each single case of Ebola consistently showed at least one new case of the disease being transmitted. Country-specific analysis of transmission rates in Liberia and Sierra Leone showed on average between one and two new cases for every existing case Continue reading

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

New research from Arizona State University and the University of Tokyo that analyzes transmission rates of Ebola in West African countries shows how rapidly the disease is spreading. Researchers Gerardo Chowell-Puente, ASU School of Human Evolution and Social Change Associate Professor, and Hiroshi Nishiura of the University of Tokyo found that transmission rates for each single case of Ebola consistently showed at least one new case of the disease being transmitted. Country-specific analysis of transmission rates in Liberia and Sierra Leone showed on average between one and two new cases for every existing case Continue reading

Healthcare workers wash hands more often when in presence of peers

Healthcare workers wash hands more often when in presence of peers

Nationally, hand hygiene adherence by healthcare workers remains staggeringly low despite its critical importance in infection control. A study in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology , the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), found that healthcare workers’ adherence to hand hygiene is better when other workers are nearby. “Social network effects, or peer effects, have been associated with smoking, obesity, happiness and worker productivity. Continue reading