List/Grid

Tag Archives: Social

Obesity in Pacific islands ‘a colonial legacy’ of settlers trying to civilize the locals

Obesity in Pacific islands ‘a colonial legacy’ of settlers trying to civilize the locals

Scientists have known for some time that Pacific islanders are more prone to obesity than people in other nations. Continue reading

Sibling bullying linked to later depression, self-harm

Sibling bullying linked to later depression, self-harm

A new study has found that children who revealed they had been bullied by their brothers or sisters several times a week or more during early adolescence were twice as likely to report being clinically depressed as young adults. They were also twice as likely to say they had self-harmed within the previous year compared with those who had not been bullied. The findings, published in the journal Pediatrics , are the results of the first longitudinal study to investigate possible links between sibling bullying and clinical depression and self-harm in young adults. Continue reading

In wake of uproar over Facebook’s emotional manipulation study, bioethics scholars say new rules are ‘moral imperative’

In wake of uproar over Facebook’s emotional manipulation study, bioethics scholars say new rules are ‘moral imperative’

In a digital world where many adults remember a time before personal computers and the internet existed, its not surprising that ethics policies and practices are still catching up to the technology, acknowledge an international team of research ethics scholars in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Continue reading

A meta-analysis of three types of peer norms and their relation with adolescent sexual behavior

A meta-analysis of three types of peer norms and their relation with adolescent sexual behavior

Researchers at Utrecht University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute collaborated on a meta-analysis of research on adolescent sexual behavior. The goal was to analyze how this behavior is related to adolescents’ perceptions of three types of sexual peer norms, including how sexually active their peers are, how much their peers would approve of being sexually active, or how much they feel pressured by their peers to have sex Continue reading

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

New research from Arizona State University and the University of Tokyo that analyzes transmission rates of Ebola in West African countries shows how rapidly the disease is spreading. Researchers Gerardo Chowell-Puente, ASU School of Human Evolution and Social Change Associate Professor, and Hiroshi Nishiura of the University of Tokyo found that transmission rates for each single case of Ebola consistently showed at least one new case of the disease being transmitted. Country-specific analysis of transmission rates in Liberia and Sierra Leone showed on average between one and two new cases for every existing case Continue reading

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

Ebola paper demonstrates disease transmission rate

New research from Arizona State University and the University of Tokyo that analyzes transmission rates of Ebola in West African countries shows how rapidly the disease is spreading. Researchers Gerardo Chowell-Puente, ASU School of Human Evolution and Social Change Associate Professor, and Hiroshi Nishiura of the University of Tokyo found that transmission rates for each single case of Ebola consistently showed at least one new case of the disease being transmitted. Country-specific analysis of transmission rates in Liberia and Sierra Leone showed on average between one and two new cases for every existing case Continue reading

Healthcare workers wash hands more often when in presence of peers

Healthcare workers wash hands more often when in presence of peers

Nationally, hand hygiene adherence by healthcare workers remains staggeringly low despite its critical importance in infection control. A study in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology , the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), found that healthcare workers’ adherence to hand hygiene is better when other workers are nearby. “Social network effects, or peer effects, have been associated with smoking, obesity, happiness and worker productivity. Continue reading

Family dinners good for teens’ mental health, could protect from cyberbullying

Family dinners good for teens’ mental health, could protect from cyberbullying

Cyberbullying was associated with mental health and substance use problems in adolescents but family dinners may help protect teens from the consequences of cyberbullying and also be beneficial for their mental health. About 1 in 5 adolescents has experienced recent online bullying and cyberbullying, like traditional bullying, can increase the risk of mental health problems in teens as well as the misuse of drugs and alcohol. It is important to understand whether cyberbullying contributes uniquely to mental health and substance use problems independent of its overlap with traditional face-to-face bullying. Continue reading

Gang life brings deep health risks for girls

Gang life brings deep health risks for girls

Being involved in a gang poses considerable health-related risks for adolescent African American girls, including more casual sex partners and substance abuse combined with less testing for HIV and less knowledge about preventing sexually transmitted diseases, according to a new study. Continue reading

Seals and sea lions likely spread tuberculosis to humans

Seals and sea lions likely spread tuberculosis to humans

Tuberculosis is one of the most persistent and deadliest infectious diseases in the world, killing one to two million people each year. Scientists who study tuberculosis have long debated its origins Continue reading