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Alcohol mixed with diet drinks may increase intoxication more than alcohol and regular drinks

Alcohol mixed with diet drinks may increase intoxication more than alcohol and regular drinks

Feb. 5, 2013 — An individual’s breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) following alcohol intake is influenced by several factors, including food. While it is known that food delays the stomach emptying, thus reducing BrAC, only recently has the role of nonalcoholic drink mixers used with alcohol been explored as a factor influencing BrAC. Continue reading

Native Americans at greater risk of suicide after alcohol intoxication

Native Americans at greater risk of suicide after alcohol intoxication

Feb. Continue reading

Number of multiple births affected by congenital anomalies has doubled since the 1980s

Number of multiple births affected by congenital anomalies has doubled since the 1980s

Feb. 5, 2013 — The number of congenital anomalies, or birth defects arising from multiple births has almost doubled since the 1980s, suggests a new study published February 6 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology . The study investigates how the change in the proportion of multiple births has affected the prevalence of congenital anomalies from multiple births, and the relative risk of congenital anomaly in multiple versus singleton births Continue reading

Obesity in dads may be associated with offspring’s increased risk of disease

Obesity in dads may be associated with offspring’s increased risk of disease

Feb. 5, 2013 — A father’s obesity is one factor that may influence his children’s health and potentially raise their risk for diseases like cancer, according to new research from Duke Medicine. Continue reading

Air pollution primes children for asthma-related cockroach allergy

Air pollution primes children for asthma-related cockroach allergy

Feb. 6, 2013 — An allergic reaction to cockroaches is a major contributor to asthma in urban children, but new research suggests that the insects are just one part of a more complex story. Very early exposure to certain components of air pollution can increase the risk of developing a cockroach allergy by age 7 and children with a common mutation in a gene called GSTM may be especially vulnerable Continue reading

Automated breast density test identifies women at high cancer risk

Automated breast density test identifies women at high cancer risk

Feb. 1, 2013 — Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center and colleagues at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., have developed a novel computer algorithm to easily quantify a major risk factor for breast cancer based on analysis of a screening mammogram Continue reading

Excess sugar linked to cancer

Excess sugar linked to cancer

Feb. 1, 2013 — Sugars are needed to provide us with energy and in moderate amounts contribute to our well-being Continue reading

Outcomes of cartilage tympanoplasty in the pediatric population

Outcomes of cartilage tympanoplasty in the pediatric population

Feb. 1, 2013 — Cartilage tympanoplasty can be performed successfully in 95 percent of young children when appropriate conditions exist, according to a study in the February 2013 issue of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery . Continue reading

Novel radiation therapy method shortens prostate cancer treatment time

Novel radiation therapy method shortens prostate cancer treatment time

Feb. 1, 2013 — According to a study in the January issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology , the use of volume-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) to deliver intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to prostate cancer patients results in an overall reduction in treatment time of approximately 14 percent Continue reading

Quantum dots deliver vitamin D to tumors for possible inflammatory breast cancer treatment

Quantum dots deliver vitamin D to tumors for possible inflammatory breast cancer treatment

Feb. 1, 2013 — The shortened daylight of a Maine winter may make for long, dark nights — but it has shone a light on a novel experimental approach to fighting inflammatory breast cancer (IBC), an especially deadly form of breast cancer. The new approach enlists the active form of Vitamin D3, called calcitriol, which is delivered therapeutically by quantum dots Continue reading