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Researchers relate arrests with HIV risk environment

Researchers relate arrests with HIV risk environment

Practices used in policing injection drug users in Russia might contribute to HIV transmission and overdose mortality. A study, conducted by researchers from Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health, in collaboration with St. Continue reading

First evidence for painless atrial fibrillation treatment

First evidence for painless atrial fibrillation treatment

The first evidence for a shockless treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF) will be presented today at Frontiers in CardioVascular Biology (FCVB) 2014 in Barcelona, Spain. The meeting is organised by the Council on Basic Cardiovascular Science of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in collaboration with 13 European cardiovascular science societies. Continue reading

Blood donations could help reduce the risk of heart disease in shift workers

Blood donations could help reduce the risk of heart disease in shift workers

Austrian researchers have found that jetlag has severe effects on red blood cells, possibly explaining the high incidence of heart disease seen in shift workers. Continue reading

Cetuximab or bevacizumab with combi chemo equivalent in KRAS wild-type MCRC

Cetuximab or bevacizumab with combi chemo equivalent in KRAS wild-type MCRC

For patients with KRAS wild-type untreated colorectal cancer, adding cetuximab or bevacizumab to combination chemotherapy offers equivalent survival, researchers said at the ESMO 16th World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer in Barcelona. “The CALGB/SWOG 80405 trial was designed and formulated in 2005, and the rationale was simple: we had new drugs –bevacizumab and cetuximab– and the study was designed to determine if one was better than the other in first-line for patients with colon cancer,” said lead study author Alan P. Venook, distinguished Professor of Medical Oncology and Translational Research at the University of California, San Francisco, USA Continue reading

UK facing ‘major’ sperm shortage

UK facing ‘major’ sperm shortage

unable to retrieve full-text contentThe UK is facing a major sperm shortage that may be tempting fertility clinics to accept poorer quality sperm, the British Fertility Society warns. Continue reading

Among weight loss methods, surgery and drugs achieve highest patient satisfaction

Among weight loss methods, surgery and drugs achieve highest patient satisfaction

Obese and overweight Americans who have tried losing weight report far greater overall satisfaction with weight loss surgery and prescription weight loss medications than with diet, exercise and other self-modification methods, an Internet survey finds. The results were presented Saturday at the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society: ICE/ENDO 2014 in Chicago Continue reading

‘Smat pill’ reduces weight in overweight and obese subjects

‘Smat pill’ reduces weight in overweight and obese subjects

A new “smart pill” called Gelesis100 safely leads to greater weight loss in overweight and obese individuals compared with those who receive an active comparator/placebo capsule, while all subjects have similar diet and exercise instructions, an international multicenter study finds. The three-month results of the First Loss Of Weight (FLOW) study were presented Sunday June 22, 2014 at the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society: ICE/ENDO 2014 in Chicago Continue reading

Gut microbe levels are linked to type 2 diabetes and obesity

Gut microbe levels are linked to type 2 diabetes and obesity

People with Type 2 diabetes or obesity have changes in the composition of their intestinal micro-organisms — called the gut microbiota — that healthy people do not have, researchers from Turkey have found. They presented the results Sunday at the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society: ICE/ENDO 2014 in Chicago. Continue reading

Bone loss persists two years after weight loss surgery

Bone loss persists two years after weight loss surgery

A new study shows that for at least two years after bariatric surgery, patients continue to lose bone, even after their weight stabilizes. The results — in patients undergoing gastric bypass, the most common type of weight loss surgery — were presented Monday at the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society: ICE/ENDO 2014 in Chicago. “The long-term consequences of this substantial bone loss are unclear, but it might put them at increased risk of fracture, or breaking a bone,” said Elaine Yu, MD, MSc, the study’s principal investigator and an endocrinologist at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston. Continue reading

Nearly four percent of U.S. babies born before full-term without medical reason

Nearly four percent of U.S. babies born before full-term without medical reason

New University of Minnesota research out this week is the first of its kind to show who is having early elective deliveries between 37 and 39 weeks gestation, and whether these deliveries happen following labor induction or cesarean. Labor induction or cesarean delivery without medical reason before a baby is considered full-term at 39 weeks, or an “early elective delivery,” is associated with health problems for mothers and babies. The study, led by University of Minnesota School of Public Health Assistant Professor Katy Kozhimannil, Ph.D., M.P.A., in collaboration with Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia researchers Michelle Macheras, M.A., and Scott A Continue reading