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Tag Archives: Society

Influenza A potentiates pneumococcal co-infection: New details emerge

Influenza A potentiates pneumococcal co-infection: New details emerge

Influenza infection can enhance the ability of the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae to cause ear and throat infections, according to research published ahead of print in the journal Infection and Immunity . Continue reading

Influenza A potentiates pneumococcal co-infection: New details emerge

Influenza A potentiates pneumococcal co-infection: New details emerge

Influenza infection can enhance the ability of the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae to cause ear and throat infections, according to research published ahead of print in the journal Infection and Immunity . Continue reading

Reduced energy density in foods can create healthier food environment, may help to reduce obesity

Reduced energy density in foods can create healthier food environment, may help to reduce obesity

On the heels of new research showing that 16 major food and beverage companies have collectively cut 6.4 trillion calories from U.S. food products, The Obesity Society (TOS) issues an official position statement pointing to the pervasive availability of foods high in calories per unit of weight, or energy density, as a contributing factor for weight gain and obesity. The Society goes further to urge food companies to test and market foods that will help individuals reduce the energy density in their diets and better manage body weight. Continue reading

Testosterone therapy should only be for men with hypogonadism, experts say

Testosterone therapy should only be for men with hypogonadism, experts say

The Endocrine Society testified today at a meeting of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) discussing the appropriate population for testosterone replacement therapy and the potential for adverse cardiovascular outcomes associated with its use. Though testosterone use has sharply increased among older men in the past decade, the Society told the FDA that testosterone therapy should be limited to men who meet the diagnostic guidelines for hypogonadism. Testosterone is a key male sex hormone involved in maintaining sex drive, sperm production and bone health. Continue reading

Imaging identifies asymptomatic people at risk for stroke

Imaging identifies asymptomatic people at risk for stroke

Imaging can be a cost-effective way to identify people at risk for stroke who might benefit from aggressive intervention, according to a new modeling study published online in the journal Radiology . The study looked at people with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis, a narrowing of the major blood vessels supplying blood to the head due to atherosclerosis, or plaque buildup. Carotid artery stenosis is the primary cause of up to 20 percent of ischemic strokes, which result from an obstruction within a blood vessel and make up 85 percent of all strokes. Continue reading

New producer of crucial vitamin B12 discovered

New producer of crucial vitamin B12 discovered

New research has determined that a single group of micro-organisms may be responsible for much of the world’s vitamin B 12 production in the oceans, with implications for the global carbon cycle and climate change. Although vitamin B 12 is an essential molecule required by most life on this planet, it is only produced by a relatively small group of micro-organisms because it is so large and complex Continue reading

New producer of crucial vitamin B12 discovered

New producer of crucial vitamin B12 discovered

New research has determined that a single group of micro-organisms may be responsible for much of the world’s vitamin B 12 production in the oceans, with implications for the global carbon cycle and climate change. Continue reading

Certain form of baldness at age 45 linked to higher risk for aggressive prostate cancer

Certain form of baldness at age 45 linked to higher risk for aggressive prostate cancer

A new, large cohort analysis from the prospective Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial, indicates that men who had moderate baldness affecting both the front and the crown of their head at age 45 were at a 40% increased risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer (usually indicates a faster growing tumor resulting in poorer prognosis relative to non-aggressive prostate cancer) later in life, compared to men with no baldness. Continue reading

Diverse gut bacteria associated with favorable ratio of estrogen metabolites

Diverse gut bacteria associated with favorable ratio of estrogen metabolites

Postmenopausal women with diverse gut bacteria exhibit a more favorable ratio of estrogen metabolites, which is associated with reduced risk for breast cancer, compared to women with less microbial variation, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism ( JCEM ). Since the 1970s, it has been known that in addition to supporting digestion, the intestinal bacteria that make up the gut microbiome influence how women’s bodies process estrogen, the primary female sex hormone. The colonies of bacteria determine whether estrogen and the fragments left behind after the hormone is processed continue circulating through the body or are expelled through urine and feces. Continue reading

Diverse gut bacteria associated with favorable ratio of estrogen metabolites

Diverse gut bacteria associated with favorable ratio of estrogen metabolites

Postmenopausal women with diverse gut bacteria exhibit a more favorable ratio of estrogen metabolites, which is associated with reduced risk for breast cancer, compared to women with less microbial variation, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism ( JCEM ). Since the 1970s, it has been known that in addition to supporting digestion, the intestinal bacteria that make up the gut microbiome influence how women’s bodies process estrogen, the primary female sex hormone. Continue reading