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Not just the poor live hand-to-mouth

Not just the poor live hand-to-mouth

When the economy hits the skids, government stimulus checks to the poor sometimes follow. Stimulus programs — such as those in 2001, 2008 and 2009 — are designed to boost the economy quickly by getting cash into the hands of people likely to turn around and spend it. But sending cash to just the very poor may not be the right approach, according to researchers from Princeton University and New York University who analyzed information on the finances of U.S Continue reading

Cyber buddy is better than ‘no buddy’

Cyber buddy is better than ‘no buddy’

A Michigan State University researcher is looking to give exercise enthusiasts the extra nudge they need during a workout, and her latest research shows that a cyber buddy can help. The study, which appears in the Games for Health Journal , is the first to indicate that although a human partner is still a better motivator during exercise, a software-generated partner also can be effective Continue reading

Male or female? First sex-determining genes appeared in mammals some 180 million years ago

Male or female? First sex-determining genes appeared in mammals some 180 million years ago

Man or woman? Male or female? In humans and other mammals, the difference between sexes depends on one single element of the genome: the Y chromosome Continue reading

Finding safe drugs to treat neurodegenerative diseases

Finding safe drugs to treat neurodegenerative diseases

People diagnosed with Huntington’s disease, most in their mid-thirties and forties, face a devastating prognosis: complete mental, physical, and behavioral decline within two decades. “Mutant” protein clusters, long blamed for the progression of the genetic disease, have been the primary focus of therapies in development by pharmaceutical companies Continue reading

Hundreds of genetic mutations found in healthy blood of a supercentenarian

Hundreds of genetic mutations found in healthy blood of a supercentenarian

Genetic mutations are commonly studied because of links to diseases such as cancer; however, little is known about mutations occurring in healthy individuals. In a study published online in Genome Research , researchers detected over 400 mutations in healthy blood cells of a 115-year-old woman, suggesting that lesions at these sites are largely harmless over the course of a lifetime. Our blood is continually replenished by hematopoietic stem cells that reside in the bone marrow and divide to generate different types of blood cells, including white blood cells Continue reading

Sugar-sweetened beverages contribute to U. S. obesity epidemic, particularly among children

Sugar-sweetened beverages contribute to U. S. obesity epidemic, particularly among children

In response to the ongoing policy discussions on the role of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on weight and health, The Obesity Society (TOS) concludes that SSBs contribute to the United States’ obesity epidemic, particularly among children. Based on an in-depth analysis of the current research, TOS’s position statement unveiled today provides several recommendations for improving health, including that children minimize their consumption of SSBs. “There’s no arguing with the fact that the high rates of obesity in the U.S Continue reading

New target for prostate cancer resistant to anti-hormone therapies

New target for prostate cancer resistant to anti-hormone therapies

Prostate cancer becomes deadly when anti-hormone treatments stop working. Now a new study suggests a way to block the hormones at their entrance Continue reading

Management of elderly patients with lung cancer

Management of elderly patients with lung cancer

Half of all patients diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer are 70 years of age or older, yet despite this high percentage, these elderly patients are not well represented in clinical trials. Therefore, the paucity of clinical data has made it difficult to reach evidence based clinical recommendations. In 2010, the EORTC Cancer in the Elderly Task Force and Lung Cancer Group along with the International Society for Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) wrote an expert opinion on managing treatment for elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and now, in an article appearing in the Annal s of Oncology , they have updated their expert opinion. Continue reading

Male health linked to testosterone exposure in womb, study finds

Male health linked to testosterone exposure in womb, study finds

Men’s susceptibility to serious health conditions may be influenced by low exposure to testosterone in the womb, new research suggests. A study has revealed how men’s testosterone levels may be determined before they are born. Understanding why some men have less of the hormone than others is important because testosterone is crucial for life-long health Continue reading

Edible flowers may inhibit chronic diseases

Edible flowers may inhibit chronic diseases

A new study in the Journal of Food Science , published by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), found that common edible flowers in China are rich in phenolics and have excellent antioxidant capacity. Edible flowers, which have been used in the culinary arts in China for centuries, are receiving renewed interest. Flowers can be used as an essential ingredient in a recipe, provide seasoning to a dish, or simply be used as a garnish. Continue reading