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Antibiotic resistance: Bacterial defense policies

Antibiotic resistance: Bacterial defense policies

High-resolution cryo-electron microscopy has now revealed in unprecedented detail the structural changes in the bacterial ribosome which results in resistance to the antibiotic erythromycin. Multiresistant bacterial pathogens that are insensitive to virtually all available antibiotics are one of the major public-health challenges of our time Continue reading

Chewing gum while fasting before surgery is safe, study finds

Chewing gum while fasting before surgery is safe, study finds

It is well known that patients should avoid eating and drinking before surgery to help prevent complications while under anesthesia. But is it safe to chew gum? Continue reading

Atomic map reveals clues to how cholesterol is made

Atomic map reveals clues to how cholesterol is made

In spite of its dangerous reputation, cholesterol is in fact an essential component of human cells. Manufactured by the cells themselves, it serves to stiffen the cell’s membrane, helping to shape the cell and protect it Continue reading

Efficacy of ‘natural’ bed bug pesticides compared

Efficacy of ‘natural’ bed bug pesticides compared

Concerns over human-insecticide exposure has stimulated the development of alternative bed bug control materials, and many essential oil-based pesticides and detergent insecticides have been developed in recent years. But how well do they work Continue reading

Body contouring after bariatric surgery helps obese patients keep weight off

Body contouring after bariatric surgery helps obese patients keep weight off

Patients who have plastic surgery to reshape their bodies after bariatric procedures are able to maintain “significantly greater” weight loss than those who do not have surgery, according to a new study by Henry Ford Hospital researchers. Continue reading

Oral capsule as effective as invasive procedures for delivery of fecal transplant

Oral capsule as effective as invasive procedures for delivery of fecal transplant

A noninvasive method of delivering a promising therapy for persistent Clostridium difficile ( C. difficile ) infection appears to be as effective as treatment via colonoscopy or through a nasogastric tube Continue reading

Common anesthetic procedure dramatically improves well being of veterans with PTSD

Common anesthetic procedure dramatically improves well being of veterans with PTSD

A single application of a common anesthetic procedure could be the answer to alleviating anxiety, depression and psychological pain in those suffering from chronic, extreme post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Continue reading

Parental misconceptions about concussions could hinder treatment, recovery

Parental misconceptions about concussions could hinder treatment, recovery

With football season in full swing, there’s no shortage of talk about young players — from high school down to the pee wee levels — suffering from concussions. Continue reading

Counting pitches can save young players’ arms but not always used consistently

Counting pitches can save young players’ arms but not always used consistently

Youth baseball has morphed into a year-round sport, with some athletes playing on multiple teams in the same season. One result: an increasing number of pitchers sidelined with overuse injuries or needing surgery Continue reading

Pneumococcal vaccine reduces antibiotic-resistant infections in children by 62 percent

Pneumococcal vaccine reduces antibiotic-resistant infections in children by 62 percent

The pneumococcal vaccine recommended for young children not only prevents illness and death, but also has dramatically reduced severe antibiotic-resistant infections, suggests nationwide research being presented at IDWeek 2014™. Pneumococcal infection — which can cause everything from ear infections to pneumonia and meningitis — is the most common vaccine-preventable bacterial cause of death Continue reading