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Countries must work together to stop organ traffickers, says researcher

Countries must work together to stop organ traffickers, says researcher

The author of new research into organ trafficking has called for a concerted international effort to confront the problem. Continue reading

Policies of NIH, other funders, have improved data-sharing by life-science investigators

Policies of NIH, other funders, have improved data-sharing by life-science investigators

Policies put into place by major funding agencies like the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and to a lesser extent by scientific journals, appear to be meeting the goal of increasing the sharing of scientific resources among life science investigators. As reported in the open-access journal PLOS ONE , 65 percent of surveyed investigators at major U.S. research institutions believed that NIH policies instituted in recent years had markedly improved the sharing of scientific data Continue reading

Policies of NIH, other funders, have improved data-sharing by life-science investigators

Policies of NIH, other funders, have improved data-sharing by life-science investigators

Policies put into place by major funding agencies like the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and to a lesser extent by scientific journals, appear to be meeting the goal of increasing the sharing of scientific resources among life science investigators. As reported in the open-access journal PLOS ONE , 65 percent of surveyed investigators at major U.S Continue reading

Child maltreatment underreported in medicaid claims, study finds

Child maltreatment underreported in medicaid claims, study finds

Medicaid claims are a poor way to identify child abuse and neglect at a population level, according to a study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis. Lead author Ramesh Raghavan, PhD, associate professor at the Brown School and of psychiatry at the School of Medicine, examined Medicaid records from 36 states for 1,921 children in the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being, whom caseworkers had identified as having been maltreated, and who had received Medicaid-funded services. Continue reading

Many Patients Excluded From Lung Cancer Clinical Trials Due to Prior Cancer, Study Finds

Many Patients Excluded From Lung Cancer Clinical Trials Due to Prior Cancer, Study Finds

Lung cancer clinical trials exclude a substantial proportion of patients due to a history of prior cancer, as shown in an analysis by cancer researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center. Among more than 50 lung cancer clinical trials examined, more than 80 percent excluded patients with prior cancer from participating, according to the study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute Continue reading

Cardiology leaders call for global prevention of heart disease, stroke

Cardiology leaders call for global prevention of heart disease, stroke

Heart disease and stroke contribute to 30 percent of global deaths, more than all infectious and parasitic diseases combined, and 11 cardiovascular organizations are calling for the United Nations to address prevention of heart disease and other non-communicable diseases. In a statement published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology and other cardiology journals, the World Heart Federation’s Global Cardiovascular Disease Taskforce — which is comprised of cardiologists and health advocates from the World Heart Federation, African Heart Network, Asia Pacific Heart Network, Asian Pacific Society of Cardiology, American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology, European Heart Network, European Society of Cardiology, InterAmerican Heart Foundation, InterAmerican Society of Cardiology, and the Pan-African Society of Cardiology — calls for the United Nations to support efforts to curb the world-wide rise in non-communicable diseases including heart disease and stroke Continue reading

New tool assesses skill development in robotic microsurgery

New tool assesses skill development in robotic microsurgery

A new standardized assessment provides a useful tool for tracking surgeons’ progress as they develop the skills needed to perform robot-assisted microsurgery, reports a study in the October issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery® , the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). “The Structured Assessment of Robotic Microsurgical Skills (SARMS) is the first validated instrument for assessing robotic microsurgical skills,” according to the report by ASPS Member Surgeon Dr Jesse C Continue reading

Scanning babies’ fingerprints could save lives through vaccination tracking

Scanning babies’ fingerprints could save lives through vaccination tracking

Each year 2.5 million children die worldwide because they do not receive life-saving vaccinations at the appropriate time. Anil Jain, Michigan State University professor, is developing a fingerprint-based recognition method to track vaccination schedules for infants and toddlers, which will increase immunization coverage and save lives Continue reading

Computational model: Ebola could infect more than 1.4 million people by end of January 2015

Computational model: Ebola could infect more than 1.4 million people by end of January 2015

The Ebola epidemic could claim hundreds of thousands of lives and infect more than 1.4 million people by the end of January, according to a statistical forecast released this week by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC forecast supports the drastically higher projections released earlier by a group of scientists, including epidemiologists with the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, who modeled the Ebola spread as part of a National Institutes of Health-sponsored project called Midas, short for Models of Infectious Disease Agent Study Continue reading

Agonizing rabies deaths can be stopped worldwide

Agonizing rabies deaths can be stopped worldwide

The deadly rabies virus–aptly shaped like a bullet– can be eliminated among humans by stopping it point-blank among dogs, according to a team of international researchers led by the Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health at Washington State University. Ridding the world of rabies is cost-effective and achievable through mass dog vaccination programs, the scientists report in a paper that appears in the Sept Continue reading