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Exposure to inflammatory bowel disease drugs could increase leukemia risk

Exposure to inflammatory bowel disease drugs could increase leukemia risk

Immunosuppressive drugs called thiopurines have been found to increase the risk of myeloid disorders, such as acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome, a rare bone marrow disorder, seven-fold among inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. These data were reported in a new study published in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology , the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA). Thiopurines are an established treatment for IBD patients, used to reduce inflammation and provide symptom relief Continue reading

Healthy diet set early in life

Healthy diet set early in life

Promoting a healthy diet from infancy is important to prevent childhood obesity and the onset of chronic disease. This is the finding from a study published in the latest issue of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health . Led by Rebecca Byrne from QUT, the study described quantity and diversity of food and drinks consumed by children aged 12-16 months. Continue reading

Many cancer survivors smoke years after diagnosis

Many cancer survivors smoke years after diagnosis

Nine years after diagnosis, 9.3 percent of U.S. cancer survivors were current smokers and 83 percent of these individuals were daily smokers who averaged 14.7 cigarettes per day, according to a report in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention , a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR). Continue reading

Pistachios may lower vascular response to stress in type 2 diabetes

Pistachios may lower vascular response to stress in type 2 diabetes

Among people with type 2 diabetes, eating pistachios may reduce the body’s response to the stresses of everyday life, according to Penn State researchers. “In adults with diabetes, two servings of pistachios per day lowered vascular constriction during stress and improved neural control of the heart,” said Sheila G. West, professor of biobehavioral health and nutritional sciences Continue reading

Promising Ebola virus treatment development: Crucial research conducted to advance medicine

Promising Ebola virus treatment development: Crucial research conducted to advance medicine

Laboratories at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) are investigating antibodies to fight Ebola virus, including the three antibodies recently used to treat two American health care workers infected with the Ebola virus. Continue reading

Drug reverses brain deficits of Alzheimer’s in animal model

Drug reverses brain deficits of Alzheimer’s in animal model

Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have discovered a new drug compound that reverses the brain deficits of Alzheimer’s disease in an animal model. Their findings are published in the Aug. 5 issue of the journal PLoS Biology . Continue reading

A campaign involving Muslim clerics has increased uptake of polio vaccination in Nigeria

A campaign involving Muslim clerics has increased uptake of polio vaccination in Nigeria

A coalition campaign involving imams, Islamic school teachers, traditional rulers, doctors, journalists, and polio survivors is gradually turning the tide against polio vaccine rejection in northern Nigeria, according to experts from Nigeria writing in this week’s PLOS Medicine . Sani-Gwarzo Nasir (from the Federal Ministry of Health in Nigeria) and colleagues describe how anti-polio propaganda, misconceptions, and violence against vaccinators present huge challenges to polio eradication in Nigeria but perhaps most profound is the rejection of vaccination by Muslim clerics Continue reading

Pregnant women are often given inappropriate treatment for malaria

Pregnant women are often given inappropriate treatment for malaria

Not all pregnant women with symptoms of malaria seek care from their formal healthcare system and if they do seek care, they may be given inappropriate treatment because healthcare providers often fail to adhere to the standard (World Health Organization-WHO) diagnostic and treatment guidelines, according to a study by UK researchers published in this week’s PLOS Medicine . The authors (led by Jenny Hill from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine) reached these conclusions by reviewing all relevant studies that investigated the factors that affect pregnant women’s access to malaria treatment and healthcare provider practices for case management of malaria during pregnancy. In the 37 included studies (mostly from Africa), the authors found that one-quarter to three-quarters of women reported malaria episodes during pregnancy and more than 85% of the women who reported a malaria episode during pregnancy sought some form of treatment Continue reading

‘Treatments waiting to be discovered’ inside new database

‘Treatments waiting to be discovered’ inside new database

Your genes are blueprints for proteins, and molecules called microRNA can help to determine how often these genetic blueprints are manufactured into proteins. Researchers often ask what microRNA regulates a gene related to disease. Or what gene is regulated by a microRNA found in sick patients Continue reading

Common chemical in mothers may negatively affect  the IQ of their unborn children

Common chemical in mothers may negatively affect the IQ of their unborn children

In some women abnormally high levels of a common and pervasive chemical may lead to adverse effects in their offspring. Continue reading