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Young women with polycystic ovary syndrome are 5 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes

Young women with polycystic ovary syndrome are 5 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes

A leading expert on reproductive health says young women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) have a startlingly higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, even if young and not overweight. The research led by Professor Helena Teede and Dr Anju Joham, from the School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine at Monash University analysed a large-scale epidemiological study, called the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women’s Health, which revealed the findings. Over 6000 women aged between 25-28 years were monitored for nine years, including 500 with diagnosed PCOS Continue reading

Sweet, Sweet Straw: Scientists learn to produce sweetener from straw and fungi

Sweet, Sweet Straw: Scientists learn to produce sweetener from straw and fungi

The calorie free sweetener erythritol is widely used in Asia; it is also gaining popularity in Europe and America. At the Vienna University of Technology, a new cheap method has been developed to produce erythritol from straw with the help of mould fungi Continue reading

Gene in brain linked to kidney cancer, researchers say

Gene in brain linked to kidney cancer, researchers say

A gene known to control brain growth and development is heavily involved in promoting clear cell renal cell carcinoma, the most common form of kidney cancer, researchers from Mayo Clinic in Florida are reporting. Continue reading

The truth behind the 5-second rule

The truth behind the 5-second rule

The burger patty that slides off the plate, the ice cream treat that plops on the picnic table, the hot dog that rolls off the grill — conventional wisdom has it that you have five seconds to pick it up before it is contaminated. Fact or folklore? Continue reading

Aging accelerates genomic changes, signaling challenges for personalized medicine

Aging accelerates genomic changes, signaling challenges for personalized medicine

Exploiting individual genomes for personalized medicine may be more complicated than medical scientists have suspected, researchers at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute of Virginia Tech have discovered. In a paper published in June in the journal Aging , scientists from the institute’s Medical Informatics and Systems Division found that spontaneous mutations occur in our bodies constantly, but the rate of change differed dramatically among various people. The study has implications for personalized medicine, which will make use of genomic information to predict future diseases and treatments Continue reading

Among weight loss methods, surgery and drugs achieve highest patient satisfaction

Among weight loss methods, surgery and drugs achieve highest patient satisfaction

Obese and overweight Americans who have tried losing weight report far greater overall satisfaction with weight loss surgery and prescription weight loss medications than with diet, exercise and other self-modification methods, an Internet survey finds. The results were presented Saturday at the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society: ICE/ENDO 2014 in Chicago Continue reading

‘Smat pill’ reduces weight in overweight and obese subjects

‘Smat pill’ reduces weight in overweight and obese subjects

A new “smart pill” called Gelesis100 safely leads to greater weight loss in overweight and obese individuals compared with those who receive an active comparator/placebo capsule, while all subjects have similar diet and exercise instructions, an international multicenter study finds. The three-month results of the First Loss Of Weight (FLOW) study were presented Sunday June 22, 2014 at the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society: ICE/ENDO 2014 in Chicago Continue reading

Gut microbe levels are linked to type 2 diabetes and obesity

Gut microbe levels are linked to type 2 diabetes and obesity

People with Type 2 diabetes or obesity have changes in the composition of their intestinal micro-organisms — called the gut microbiota — that healthy people do not have, researchers from Turkey have found. They presented the results Sunday at the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society: ICE/ENDO 2014 in Chicago. Continue reading

Growth Hormone Treatment for Children May Exacerbate Feelings of Depression

Growth Hormone Treatment for Children May Exacerbate Feelings of Depression

Short, otherwise healthy children who are treated with growth hormone (GH) may become taller, but they may also become more depressed and withdrawn over time, compared to children the same age and height who are not treated with GH, a new study finds. The results were presented in a poster Monday, June 23 at ICE/ENDO 2014, the joint meeting of the International Society of Endocrinology and the Endocrine Society in Chicago. Continue reading

Young indoor tanning increases early risk of skin cancer

Young indoor tanning increases early risk of skin cancer

Dartmouth researchers have found that early exposure to the ultraviolet radiation lamps used for indoor tanning is related to an increased risk of developing basal cell carcinomas (BCC) at a young age. Their findings are reported in “Early-Onset Basal Cell Carcinoma and Indoor Tanning: A Population-Based Study,” a study that will be published in the July 2014 issue of Pediatrics . Since indoor tanning has become increasingly popular among adolescents and young adults, this research calls attention to the importance of counseling young people about the risk of indoor tanning Continue reading