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Hospital replaces heart valve outside the heart

Hospital replaces heart valve outside the heart

For the first time in the United States, doctors at Henry Ford Hospital used a minimally invasive procedure to replace a failing, hard-to-reach heart valve with a new one — and placed it just outside the heart. Due to prior medical procedures, the metro Detroit woman was not a candidate for traditional open heart surgery to replace her failing tricuspid valve. One major U.S. Continue reading

Predictors of prospective memory deficit post TBI identified by researchers

Predictors of prospective memory deficit post TBI identified by researchers

Kessler Foundation scientists have identified predictors of prospective memory impairment after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Findings were epublished on July 28 by the Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. The article, “Rule monitoring ability predicts event-based prospective memory performance in individuals with TBI,” is authored by Jessica Paxton, PhD, and Nancy Chiaravalloti, PhD, of Kessler Foundation Continue reading

Beating childhood cancer does not necessarily make survivors healthier adults, study shows

Beating childhood cancer does not necessarily make survivors healthier adults, study shows

Having survived cancer as a child does not necessarily have a ripple effect that makes people lead a healthier lifestyle once they grow up. In fact, in a report derived from a National Cancer Institute-funded study of childhood cancer survivors known as the Chicago Healthy Living Study, investigators found that childhood cancer survivors in no way adhere more closely to guidelines on healthy eating than their cancer-free peers. Continue reading

Immigrants at lower risk of overdose, death from codeine than people born in Canada

Immigrants at lower risk of overdose, death from codeine than people born in Canada

Immigrants are at lower risk of an overdose or death after being prescribed codeine than people born in Canada, a new study has found. Surprisingly, this is true even when the immigrants lack proficiency in English or French, which might be thought to hamper their ability to read prescription labels or instructions, said lead author Dr. Joel Ray, a physician and researcher at St Continue reading

Mental Health Disparities Higher for Older African American Adults

Mental Health Disparities Higher for Older African American Adults

Date: August 12, 2014 Source: Taylor & Francis Summary: A new, revealing literature review suggests that older African American adults are more likely to be diagnosed with depression, anxiety, and dementia than others. The study reviews the mental health issues among the rapidly growing African American older adult population Continue reading

Lead released from African cookware contaminates food

Lead released from African cookware contaminates food

Lead levels in foods prepared in aluminum pots from Cameroon exceed U.S. Continue reading

Is empathy in humans and apes actually different? ‘Yawn contagion’ effect studied

Is empathy in humans and apes actually different? ‘Yawn contagion’ effect studied

Whether or not humans are the only empathic beings is still under debate. In a new study, researchers directly compared the ‘yawn contagion’ effect between humans and bonobos (our closest evolutionary cousins). By doing so they were able to directly compare the empathic abilities of ourselves with another species, and found that a close relationship between individuals is more important to their empathic response than the fact that individuals might be from the same species. Continue reading

Treating mental illness by changing memories of things past

Treating mental illness by changing memories of things past

In the novel À la recherche du temps perdu (translated into English as Remembrance of Things Past ), Marcel Proust makes a compelling case that our identities and decisions are shaped in profound and ongoing ways by our memories. Continue reading

Integrons hold key to antibiotic resistance crisis

Integrons hold key to antibiotic resistance crisis

In Mexico the sale of antibiotics for human consumption is controlled to prevent misuse, although in the veterinary sector failure in the implementation of the Official Mexican Standard NOM-064-ZOO-2000, “Guidelines for veterinarian products prescription,” has prompted common bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp to become resistant to regular drugs such as streptomycin, trimethoprim, ampicillin, gentamicin, and tetracycline as a result of excess drug use. The use of antibiotics without prescription for veterinary use is a problem that may seem minimal, but the importance is that each improper administration of these drugs, is conducive to bacteria normally present in the intestinal tract of animals are being subjected to a selective pressure, causing them to acquire different mechanisms for its survival. In order to discover the origin of bacterial resistance, Martín Talavera Rojas, professor at the Centre for Research and Advanced Studies in Animal Health of the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico (UAEM), analyzed different isolates of bacteria from animals for human consumption and reports that such resistance is due to the presence of various resistance genes specific for each class of antibiotics Continue reading

Size matters when convincing your brain to eat healthier foods

Size matters when convincing your brain to eat healthier foods

Variety may trump virtue when it comes to the struggle to eat healthy, says a Vanderbilt marketing professor who studies consumer self-control and endorses “vice-virtue bundles” combining nutritious and not-so-nutritious foods. “We suggest a simple … solution that can help consumers who would otherwise choose vice over virtue to simultaneously increase consumption of healthy foods (virtues) and decrease consumption of unhealthy foods (vices) while still fulfilling taste goals — ‘vice-virtue bundles,’” Kelly L. Continue reading