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Preterm children at increased risk of having math problems

Preterm children at increased risk of having math problems

Researchers have found that preterm children are at an increased risk of having general cognitive and mathematic problems. The new study by the University of Warwick and Ruhr-University Bochum, published in the Journal of Pediatrics , sought to understand the relationship between preterm birth and dyscalculia. Dyscalculia, a learning disorder which involves frequent problems with everyday arithmetic tasks, is diagnosed when children do worse in maths than would be expected based on their general intelligence Continue reading

Childhood abuse may impair weight-regulating hormones

Childhood abuse may impair weight-regulating hormones

Childhood abuse or neglect can lead to long-term hormone impairment that raises the risk of developing obesity, diabetes or other metabolic disorders in adulthood, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism ( JCEM ). The study examined levels of the weight-regulating hormones leptin, adiponectin and irisin in the blood of adults who endured physical, emotional or sexual abuse or neglect as children. Continue reading

Braking system for immune responses

Braking system for immune responses

For the first time, researchers have identified a receptor on human cells that specifically recognizes crystals. It is found on immune cells and binds uric acid crystals, which trigger gout but also control immune responses. The team, led by researchers from Technische Universität München (TUM)’s Klinikum rechts der Isar hospital have published their findings in the Immunity journal. Continue reading

As age-friendly technologies emerge, experts recommend policy changes

As age-friendly technologies emerge, experts recommend policy changes

From smart phones to smart cars, both public and private entities must consider the needs of older adults in order to help them optimize the use of new technologies, according to the latest issue of Public Policy & Aging Report ( PP&AR ), titled “Aging and Technology: The Promise and the Paradox.” A total of eight articles all from authors affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology AgeLab are featured. Continue reading

Increased risk of relapse omitting radiotherapy in early PET scan negative Hodgkin lymphoma

Increased risk of relapse omitting radiotherapy in early PET scan negative Hodgkin lymphoma

Interim analysis of the intergroup EORTC-LYSA-FIL 20051 H10 trial published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology i ndicates an increased risk of early relapse when omitting radiotherapy in early PET scan negative patients with stage I/II Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Early outcome, however, was excellent in both arms, and the final analysis should reveal whether these initial findings are maintained over time. Continue reading

Increased risk of relapse omitting radiotherapy in early PET scan negative Hodgkin lymphoma

Increased risk of relapse omitting radiotherapy in early PET scan negative Hodgkin lymphoma

Interim analysis of the intergroup EORTC-LYSA-FIL 20051 H10 trial published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology i ndicates an increased risk of early relapse when omitting radiotherapy in early PET scan negative patients with stage I/II Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Early outcome, however, was excellent in both arms, and the final analysis should reveal whether these initial findings are maintained over time. Continue reading

Low doses of antianxiety drugs rebalance autistic brain, study shows

Low doses of antianxiety drugs rebalance autistic brain, study shows

New research in mice suggests that autism is characterized by reduced activity of inhibitory neurons and increased activity of excitatory neurons in the brain, but balance can be restored with low doses of a well-known class of drugs currently used in much higher doses to treat anxiety and epileptic seizures. The findings, which are reported in the March 19th issue of the Cell Press journal Neuron , point to a new therapeutic approach to managing autism. “These are very exciting results because they suggest that existing drugs — called benzodiazepines — might be useful in treatment of the core deficits in autism,” says senior author Dr Continue reading

Low doses of antianxiety drugs rebalance autistic brain, study shows

Low doses of antianxiety drugs rebalance autistic brain, study shows

New research in mice suggests that autism is characterized by reduced activity of inhibitory neurons and increased activity of excitatory neurons in the brain, but balance can be restored with low doses of a well-known class of drugs currently used in much higher doses to treat anxiety and epileptic seizures. The findings, which are reported in the March 19th issue of the Cell Press journal Neuron , point to a new therapeutic approach to managing autism. “These are very exciting results because they suggest that existing drugs — called benzodiazepines — might be useful in treatment of the core deficits in autism,” says senior author Dr Continue reading

Young women most at risk least likely to be offered HPV vaccine

Young women most at risk least likely to be offered HPV vaccine

Young women who are most at risk of developing cervical cancer are the least likely to be offered the protective HPV jab and to complete the full course when they are, reveals research published online in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections . Continue reading

Younger men receive faster care for heart attacks, angina compared with women of same age, study shows

Younger men receive faster care for heart attacks, angina compared with women of same age, study shows

A new study indicates that in younger adults experiencing heart attacks and angina, men are more likely to receive faster care compared with women. The study, published in CMAJ ( Canadian Medical Association Journal ) also found that gender-related factors affected access to care for both men and women. To understand why sex differences in mortality exist in younger men and women with acute coronary syndrome, researchers included 1123 patients aged 18 to 55 years recruited from 24 centres across Canada, 1 in the United States and 1 in Switzerland Continue reading