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Predictors of prospective memory deficit post TBI identified by researchers

Predictors of prospective memory deficit post TBI identified by researchers

Kessler Foundation scientists have identified predictors of prospective memory impairment after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Findings were epublished on July 28 by the Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. The article, “Rule monitoring ability predicts event-based prospective memory performance in individuals with TBI,” is authored by Jessica Paxton, PhD, and Nancy Chiaravalloti, PhD, of Kessler Foundation Continue reading

Beating childhood cancer does not necessarily make survivors healthier adults, study shows

Beating childhood cancer does not necessarily make survivors healthier adults, study shows

Having survived cancer as a child does not necessarily have a ripple effect that makes people lead a healthier lifestyle once they grow up. In fact, in a report derived from a National Cancer Institute-funded study of childhood cancer survivors known as the Chicago Healthy Living Study, investigators found that childhood cancer survivors in no way adhere more closely to guidelines on healthy eating than their cancer-free peers. Continue reading

Immigrants at lower risk of overdose, death from codeine than people born in Canada

Immigrants at lower risk of overdose, death from codeine than people born in Canada

Immigrants are at lower risk of an overdose or death after being prescribed codeine than people born in Canada, a new study has found. Surprisingly, this is true even when the immigrants lack proficiency in English or French, which might be thought to hamper their ability to read prescription labels or instructions, said lead author Dr. Joel Ray, a physician and researcher at St Continue reading

Less radical procedures offer similar cancer control compared to surgery for kidney cancer patients

Less radical procedures offer similar cancer control compared to surgery for kidney cancer patients

Needle-guided tumor destruction procedures offer near equivalent lengths of local cancer control compared to surgery for patients with small kidney cancer tumors, according to the results of a large study published in the journal European Urology . “If validated, these data suggest that an update to clinical guidelines would be warranted,” says the study’s lead author, R Continue reading

Treating mental illness by changing memories of things past

Treating mental illness by changing memories of things past

In the novel À la recherche du temps perdu (translated into English as Remembrance of Things Past ), Marcel Proust makes a compelling case that our identities and decisions are shaped in profound and ongoing ways by our memories. Continue reading

Size matters when convincing your brain to eat healthier foods

Size matters when convincing your brain to eat healthier foods

Variety may trump virtue when it comes to the struggle to eat healthy, says a Vanderbilt marketing professor who studies consumer self-control and endorses “vice-virtue bundles” combining nutritious and not-so-nutritious foods. “We suggest a simple … solution that can help consumers who would otherwise choose vice over virtue to simultaneously increase consumption of healthy foods (virtues) and decrease consumption of unhealthy foods (vices) while still fulfilling taste goals — ‘vice-virtue bundles,’” Kelly L. Continue reading

Native bacteria block Wolbachia from being passed to mosquito progeny

Native bacteria block Wolbachia from being passed to mosquito progeny

Native bacteria living inside mosquitoes prevent the insects from passing Wolbachia bacteria — which can make the mosquitoes resistant to the malaria parasite — to their offspring, according to a team of researchers. The team found that Asaia , a type of bacteria that occurs naturally in Anopheles mosquitoes, blocks invasion of Wolbachia into the mosquitoes’ germlines — the cells that are passed on through successive generations of an organism — thus stopping the insects from transmitting Wolbachia to their offspring. ” Wolbachia infects up to 70 percent of all known insect species, but is notably absent from some groups, including the Anopheles mosquitoes that transmit malaria,” said Jason Rasgon, associate professor of entomology, Penn State. Continue reading

‘Worm pill’ could ease autoimmune disease symptoms

‘Worm pill’ could ease autoimmune disease symptoms

Experts believe a molecule in parasitic worms could help explain why worm infections can effectively treat a range of autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. The Monash University study, published in the FASEB Journal , successfully identified peptides from parasitic worms that suppress the body’s immune response. Researchers believe this could pave the way for a new drug containing the peptide to provide relief from the symptoms of autoimmune diseases. Continue reading

Gene likely to promote childhood cancers pinpointed by researchers

Gene likely to promote childhood cancers pinpointed by researchers

Researchers at the Children’s Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern (CRI) have identified a gene that contributes to the development of several childhood cancers, in a study conducted with mice designed to model the cancers. Continue reading

Fertile discovery: Treating male infertility with synthetic protein

Fertile discovery: Treating male infertility with synthetic protein

Queen’s University researcher Richard Oko and his co-investigators have come up with a promising method of treating male infertility using a synthetic version of the sperm-originated protein known as PAWP. They found this protein is sufficient and required to initiate the fertilization process. Dr. Continue reading