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Hypersensitivity to non-painful events may be part of pathology in fibromyalgia

Hypersensitivity to non-painful events may be part of pathology in fibromyalgia

New research shows that patients with fibromyalgia have hypersensitivity to non-painful events based on images of the patients’ brains, which show reduced activation in primary sensory regions and increased activation in sensory integration areas. Continue reading

Walking or cycling to work improves wellbeing, researchers find

Walking or cycling to work improves wellbeing, researchers find

A report reveals that people who stopped driving and started walking or cycling to work benefited from improved wellbeing. In particular, active commuters felt better able to concentrate and were less under strain than if they travelled by car Continue reading

Can your blood type affect your memory in later years?

Can your blood type affect your memory in later years?

People with blood type AB may be more likely to develop memory loss in later years than people with other blood types, according to a study published in the September 10, 2014, online issue of Neurology ®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. AB is the least common blood type, found in about 4 percent of the U.S Continue reading

Fish, fatty acid consumption associated with lower risk of hearing loss in women

Fish, fatty acid consumption associated with lower risk of hearing loss in women

Researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital found that consumption of two or more servings of fish per week was associated with a lower risk of hearing loss in women. Continue reading

Halving the risk of preterm birth for some twin pregnancies

Halving the risk of preterm birth for some twin pregnancies

International research involving the University of Adelaide has found that the risk of preterm birth could be halved for a specific group of “super high-risk” twin pregnancies. The results could help to save babies’ lives throughout the world and prevent serious health complications after birth. The study, involving researchers from the University of Adelaide’s Robinson Research Institute, reviewed all of the previous large studies conducted into the use of progestogen hormones, which have been trialed over the past 10 years to help prevent preterm birth in twins. Continue reading

‘Electronic skin’ could improve early breast cancer detection

‘Electronic skin’ could improve early breast cancer detection

For detecting cancer, manual breast exams seem low-tech compared to other methods such as MRI. But scientists are now developing an “electronic skin” that “feels” and images small lumps that fingers can miss. Knowing the size and shape of a lump could allow for earlier identification of breast cancer, which could save lives. Continue reading

Economic study confirms growth in autism

Economic study confirms growth in autism

The number of autism cases has soared over the past three decades, leading some to wonder if mental health professionals might be overdiagnosing the disorder. Two economists who used market theory to study the trend in autism growth, however, have confirmed that at least part of the increase is real. Continue reading

Proactive office ergonomics can increase job satisfaction, employee retention

Proactive office ergonomics can increase job satisfaction, employee retention

As the amount of time employees spend at their desks increases, so does musculoskeletal discomfort and other health issues associated with the office environment. Although office ergonomics training programs have been shown to improve employee well-being and productivity, in many cases training occurs only after complaints are logged Continue reading

Multiple sclerosis researchers find role for working memory in cognitive reserve

Multiple sclerosis researchers find role for working memory in cognitive reserve

Kessler Foundation scientists have shown that working memory may be an underlying mechanism of cognitive reserve in multiple sclerosis (MS). This finding informs the relationships between working memory, intellectual enrichment (the proxy measure for cognitive reserve) and long-term memory in this population. “Working memory mediates the relationship between intellectual enrichment and long-term memory in multiple sclerosis: An exploratory analysis of cognitive reserve”  was published online ahead of print by the Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society on July 14. Continue reading

Prioritizing pregnant women in malaria endemic regions for bed nets from clinics

Prioritizing pregnant women in malaria endemic regions for bed nets from clinics

Donors, Ministries of Health, implementing agencies, and other partners should prioritise providing pregnant women in malaria endemic regions with long-lasting insecticide treated nets (LLINs) through antenatal care clinics to help prevent malaria and its adverse effects on mother and infant, according to experts from the UK and US, writing in this week’s PLOS Medicine . Jenny Hill, from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, and colleagues from the London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, and the Malaria Control and Elimination Program at PATH in Seattle, explain that LLINs are a powerful public health tool to help improve maternal, neonatal, and infant health but that the use of these nets is well below national and international targets. Continue reading