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Professional recommendations against routine prostate cancer screening have little effect

Professional recommendations against routine prostate cancer screening have little effect

The effect of guidelines recommending that elderly men should not be routinely screened for prostate cancer “has been minimal at best,” according to a new study led by researchers at Henry Ford Hospital. The study, published as a research letter online in JAMA Internal Medicine , focused on the use of PSA — prostate-specific antigen — to test for prostate cancer. Continue reading

Identifying teen alcohol and drug abuse

Identifying teen alcohol and drug abuse

The number of teens who abuse tobacco, alcohol, drugs and other substances hasn’t changed much in the past couple of decades — but for those who are prone to addiction for one reason or another, the menu of substances to choose from is larger than ever. Continue reading

Testosterone therapy should only be for men with hypogonadism, experts say

Testosterone therapy should only be for men with hypogonadism, experts say

The Endocrine Society testified today at a meeting of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) discussing the appropriate population for testosterone replacement therapy and the potential for adverse cardiovascular outcomes associated with its use. Though testosterone use has sharply increased among older men in the past decade, the Society told the FDA that testosterone therapy should be limited to men who meet the diagnostic guidelines for hypogonadism. Testosterone is a key male sex hormone involved in maintaining sex drive, sperm production and bone health. Continue reading

One-third of patients enter hospital malnourished

One-third of patients enter hospital malnourished

About one in three patients enters the hospital with malnutrition, according to registered dietitians at Gottlieb Memorial Hospital of Loyola University Health System. This can lead to poor patient outcomes and longer hospital stays Continue reading

Sharks’ skin has teeth in the fight against hospital superbugs

Sharks’ skin has teeth in the fight against hospital superbugs

Transmission of bacterial infections, including MRSA and MSSA could be curbed by coating hospital surfaces with microscopic bumps that mimic the scaly surface of shark skin, according to research published in the open access journal Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control . The study modelled how well different materials prevented the spread of human disease bacteria through touching, sneezes or spillages. Continue reading

Intravascular ultrasound-guided intervention in patients with chronic total occlusion

Intravascular ultrasound-guided intervention in patients with chronic total occlusion

A new study found that intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) -guided intervention in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) could improve outcomes compared to a conventional angiography-guided approach during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The IVUS-CTOstudy is the first randomized trial to examine the clinical impact of IVUS guidance for CTO intervention. Findings were reported today at the 26 th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium.  A chronic total occlusion is a complete or nearly complete blockage of a coronary artery that has been present for more than 30 days Continue reading

Intravascular ultrasound-guided intervention in patients with chronic total occlusion

Intravascular ultrasound-guided intervention in patients with chronic total occlusion

A new study found that intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) -guided intervention in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) could improve outcomes compared to a conventional angiography-guided approach during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The IVUS-CTOstudy is the first randomized trial to examine the clinical impact of IVUS guidance for CTO intervention. Findings were reported today at the 26 th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium.  A chronic total occlusion is a complete or nearly complete blockage of a coronary artery that has been present for more than 30 days Continue reading

Access to female-controlled contraception needed in intimate partner violence

Access to female-controlled contraception needed in intimate partner violence

Access to female-controlled contraceptive methods must be improved in order to help women and girls to counteract any risks to their reproductive health caused by intimate partner violence and reproductive coercion,* according to US experts writing in this week’s PLOS Medicine . Continue reading

Smoking, schizophrenia linked by alterations in brain nicotine signals

Smoking, schizophrenia linked by alterations in brain nicotine signals

Schizophrenia is associated with increased rates and intensity of tobacco smoking. A growing body of research suggests that the relationship between schizophrenia and smoking stems, in part, from an effort by patients to use nicotine to self-medicate symptoms and cognitive impairment associated with the disease. Continue reading

Sport, physical activity help against depression

Sport, physical activity help against depression

Depression is the most frequently diagnosed mental illness. In the western industrial nations, at least every tenth person suffers from depression once in the course of their life Continue reading