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US HIV infection rate drops a third

US HIV infection rate drops a third

unable to retrieve full-text contentThe rate of HIV infections diagnosed in the United States has fallen by a third in the past 10 years, a new study finds. Continue reading

Transplanting gene into injured hearts creates biological pacemakers

Transplanting gene into injured hearts creates biological pacemakers

Cardiologists at the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute have developed a minimally invasive gene transplant procedure that changes unspecialized heart cells into “biological pacemaker” cells that keep the heart steadily beating. The laboratory animal research, published online and in today’s print edition of the peer-reviewed journal Science Translational Medicine , is the result of a dozen years of research with the goal of developing biological treatments for patients with heart rhythm disorders who currently are treated with surgically implanted pacemakers. Continue reading

Growing up on livestock farm halves risk of inflammatory bowel diseases

Growing up on livestock farm halves risk of inflammatory bowel diseases

New research conducted at Aarhus University has revealed that people who have grown up on a farm with livestock are only half as likely as their urban counterparts to develop the most common inflammatory bowel diseases: ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Continue reading

Six cases where big data can reduce healthcare costs

Six cases where big data can reduce healthcare costs

As the use of electronic health record becomes widespread across the United States, due in large to the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, the quantity of clinical data that will become available for research and analytic purposes will also dramatically increase. Additionally, experts in healthcare have become increasingly focused on clinical analytics that analyze large quantities of data for the purpose of gleaning insights that have the potential to improve the value of patient care — a process that is known as big data. In a new research study published in Health Affairs on July 8, 2014, researchers highlight some of the clearest opportunities to reduce costs through the use of big data. Continue reading

Drug shows promise for effectively treating metabolic syndrome

Drug shows promise for effectively treating metabolic syndrome

University of Utah researchers have discovered that an enzyme involved in intracellular signaling plays a crucial role in developing metabolic syndrome, a finding that has a U of U spinoff company developing a drug to potentially treat the condition. The researchers, led by Jared Rutter, Ph.D., professor of biochemistry, hope to begin human clinical trials of a drug in the next couple of years. Continue reading

Nearly 80 percent of US deaths in first three decades of life are due to unintentional injury or violence

Nearly 80 percent of US deaths in first three decades of life are due to unintentional injury or violence

A new report on unintentional injury and violence in the United States, published in The Lancet as part of a new Series, The health of Americans, has found that prevention strategies across society show a great deal of promise in preventing unintended deaths and injuries. According to the report, by CDC researchers from Atlanta, USA, more Americans between the ages of one and 30 die from injury than from any other cause. Every year, nearly 180,000 people in the USA die from preventable causes such as automobile crashes, drowning, firearm-related injuries, falls, assault, and drug overdoses; equivalent to one injury death every 3 minutes Continue reading

Adults stop anti-rejection drugs after stem-cell transplant reverses sickle cell disease

Adults stop anti-rejection drugs after stem-cell transplant reverses sickle cell disease

Adults have stopped anti-rejection drugs after stem-cell transplant reverses sickle cell disease. NIH trial success suggests a new treatment option for older, sicker patients Continue reading

New study from population and development review finds flaws in mortality projections

New study from population and development review finds flaws in mortality projections

A new study by demographer John Bongaarts, Population Council Vice President and Distinguished Scholar, has found that mortality projections from most low-mortality countries are more pessimistic than they should be. The reason for this flaw is that existing projections fail to recognize that fewer people smoke today than used to. As a result, there will be a future decline in smoking-related mortality. Continue reading

One in 10 deaths among working-age adults in U.S. due to excessive drinking, report finds

One in 10 deaths among working-age adults in U.S. due to excessive drinking, report finds

Excessive alcohol use accounts for one in 10 deaths among working-age adults ages 20-64 years in the United States, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published June 26 in Preventing Chronic Disease . Excessive alcohol use led to approximately 88,000 deaths per year from 2006 to 2010, and shortened the lives of those who died by about 30 years. These deaths were due to health effects from drinking too much over time, such as breast cancer, liver disease, and heart disease; and health effects from drinking too much in a short period of time, such as violence, alcohol poisoning, and motor vehicle crashes Continue reading

One in 10 deaths among working-age adults in U.S. due to excessive drinking, report finds

One in 10 deaths among working-age adults in U.S. due to excessive drinking, report finds

Excessive alcohol use accounts for one in 10 deaths among working-age adults ages 20-64 years in the United States, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published June 26 in Preventing Chronic Disease . Excessive alcohol use led to approximately 88,000 deaths per year from 2006 to 2010, and shortened the lives of those who died by about 30 years. Continue reading