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Tag Archives: united-states

Counterterrorism, ethics, and global health

Counterterrorism, ethics, and global health

The surge in murders of polio vaccination workers in Pakistan has made headlines this year, but little attention has been devoted to the ethical issues surrounding the global health impact of current counterterrorism policy and practice. Continue reading

Yoga exercise program tailored for pulmonary hypertension patients

Yoga exercise program tailored for pulmonary hypertension patients

A first-of-its-kind yoga exercise program has been developed by Henry Ford Hospital for patients living with pulmonary hypertension, a chronic lung disease that afflicts women at least two times more than men. Continue reading

Fecal transplants restore healthy bacteria and gut functions

Fecal transplants restore healthy bacteria and gut functions

Fecal microbiota transplantation — the process of delivering stool bacteria from a healthy donor to a patient suffering from intestinal infection with the bacterium Clostridium difficile — works by restoring healthy bacteria and functioning to the recipient’s gut, according to a study published this week in mBio ®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. Continue reading

Genetic influence on pulmonary function: six further genes identified

Genetic influence on pulmonary function: six further genes identified

In an analysis of several genome-wide association studies, an international team of scientists has identified six novel gene regions that are associated with the function of the lungs. Their results have been published in the current issue of the Nature Genetics scientific journal. In their investigations or so-called genome-wide association studies, the team of researchers compared the genetic profile of study participants to the forced vital capacity (FVC), a volume parameter of lung function Continue reading

Nurses play critical role in responding to global resurgence of pertussis

Nurses play critical role in responding to global resurgence of pertussis

Concerted effort is needed to reverse the ongoing rise in pertussis cases and deaths, especially among children and young people, according to the article by Emily Peake, APRN, MSN, FNP-C, CLC, and Lisa K. McGuire, MSN, MBA-HCM, RN Continue reading

Dormant Viruses Re-Emerge in Patients with Lingering Sepsis, Signaling Immune Suppression

Dormant Viruses Re-Emerge in Patients with Lingering Sepsis, Signaling Immune Suppression

A provocative study links prolonged episodes of sepsis — a life-threatening infection and leading cause of death in hospitals — to the reactivation of otherwise dormant viruses in the body. In healthy people, such latent viruses are kept in check by the immune system. But a study by a team at Washington University School of Medicine in St Continue reading

Dormant Viruses Re-Emerge in Patients with Lingering Sepsis, Signaling Immune Suppression

Dormant Viruses Re-Emerge in Patients with Lingering Sepsis, Signaling Immune Suppression

A provocative study links prolonged episodes of sepsis — a life-threatening infection and leading cause of death in hospitals — to the reactivation of otherwise dormant viruses in the body. In healthy people, such latent viruses are kept in check by the immune system. But a study by a team at Washington University School of Medicine in St Continue reading

Mammography has led to fewer late-stage breast cancers

Mammography has led to fewer late-stage breast cancers

In the last 30 years, since mammography was introduced, late-stage breast cancer incidence has decreased by 37 percent, a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center finds. The analysis takes into account an observed underlying trend of increased breast cancer incidence present since the 1940s, a sort of inflation rate for breast cancer. Researchers looked at early-stage and late-stage breast cancer diagnoses between 1977-1979, before mammography became popular, and compared it to diagnoses between 2007-2009 Continue reading

Race could be a factor in head, neck cancer survival rates

Race could be a factor in head, neck cancer survival rates

The national survival rates for African-Americans diagnosed with head and neck cancer have not improved in the last 40 years despite advances in the treatment and management of the disease, University of Missouri School of Medicine researchers have found in a new study. More than 52,000 men and women in the United States currently are living with head and neck cancer. Using data from the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, epidemiology and end results (SEER) program, MU researchers under the guidance of Mosharraf Hossain, MD, assistant professor in the MU School of Medicine’s Division of Hematology and Oncology and physician with Ellis Fischel Cancer Center in Columbia, Mo., studied the survival trend of five ethnic groups over the last 40 years Continue reading

Process to help personalize treatment for lung cancer patients developed

Process to help personalize treatment for lung cancer patients developed

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers, in collaboration with the Lung Cancer Mutation Consortium, have developed a process to analyze mutated genes in lung adenocarcinoma to help better select personalized treatment options for patients. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of lung cancer in the United States with approximately 130,000 people diagnosed each year. Continue reading