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Tag Archives: weight-loss

Massive weight loss increases risk of complications in body-shaping surgery

Massive weight loss increases risk of complications in body-shaping surgery

Patients who lost more than 100 pounds and those who shed weight through bariatric surgery had the highest risk of complications from later surgical procedures to reshape their leaner bodies, a new study from UT Southwestern Medical Center shows. The study, published in the Aesthetic Surgery Journal , compared surgical complication outcomes for 450 patients who underwent body contouring, a type of surgery to remove excess sagging fat and skin to improve body shape. “This is one of the first large-scale studies comparing outcomes in patients losing significant amounts of weight via surgical and nonsurgical means,” said Dr. Continue reading

Best exercise for obese youths analyzed

Best exercise for obese youths analyzed

What exercise program can best fight the “epidemic” of teen obesity? According to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association ( JAMA ) Pediatrics , by combining aerobic exercise with resistance training. The Healthy Eating Aerobic and Resistance Training in Youth (HEARTY) study, led by researchers at the University of Calgary and University of Ottawa, involved 304 overweight teens in the Ottawa/Gatineau area between the ages of 14 to 18 Continue reading

Certain gut bacteria may induce metabolic changes following exposure to artificial sweeteners

Certain gut bacteria may induce metabolic changes following exposure to artificial sweeteners

Artificial sweeteners — promoted as aids to weight loss and diabetes prevention — could actually hasten the development of glucose intolerance and metabolic disease, and they do so in a surprising way: by changing the composition and function of the gut microbiota — the substantial population of bacteria residing in our intestines. These findings, the results of experiments in mice and humans, were published September 17 in Nature . Continue reading

One-third of patients enter hospital malnourished

One-third of patients enter hospital malnourished

About one in three patients enters the hospital with malnutrition, according to registered dietitians at Gottlieb Memorial Hospital of Loyola University Health System. This can lead to poor patient outcomes and longer hospital stays Continue reading

Protein appears to protect against bone loss in arthritis

Protein appears to protect against bone loss in arthritis

A small protein named GILZ appears to protect against the bone loss that often accompanies arthritis and its treatment, researchers report. Arthritis as well as aging prompt the body to make more fat than bone, and the researchers have previously shown GILZ can restore a more youthful, healthy mix. It also tamps down inflammation, a major factor in arthritis. Continue reading

Researchers examine effectiveness of blocking nerve to help with weight loss

Researchers examine effectiveness of blocking nerve to help with weight loss

Among patients with morbid obesity, blocking the vagus nerve, which plays a role with appetite and metabolism, did not meet pre-specified efficacy objectives compared to a control group, although the intervention did result in greater weight loss, according to a study in the September 3 issue of JAMA . Bariatric surgery can produce significant weight loss and improvement in health but is associated with several potential adverse effects Continue reading

Researchers examine effectiveness of blocking nerve to help with weight loss

Researchers examine effectiveness of blocking nerve to help with weight loss

Among patients with morbid obesity, blocking the vagus nerve, which plays a role with appetite and metabolism, did not meet pre-specified efficacy objectives compared to a control group, although the intervention did result in greater weight loss, according to a study in the September 3 issue of JAMA . Bariatric surgery can produce significant weight loss and improvement in health but is associated with several potential adverse effects. There is interest in the development of a device that could be as effective or nearly as effective as bariatric surgery but has fewer risks and is less invasive Continue reading

Change in type of procedure most commonly used for bariatric surgery

Change in type of procedure most commonly used for bariatric surgery

In an analysis of the type of bariatric surgery procedures used in Michigan in recent years, sleeve gastrectomy (SG) surpassed Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in 2012 as the most common procedure performed for patients seeking this type of surgery, and SG became the predominant bariatric surgery procedure for patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study in the September 3 issue of JAMA . Continue reading

Comparison of named diet programs finds little difference in weight loss outcomes

Comparison of named diet programs finds little difference in weight loss outcomes

In an analysis of data from nearly 50 trials including about 7,300 individuals, significant weight loss was observed with any low-carbohydrate or low-fat diet, with weight loss differences between diet programs small, findings that support the practice of recommending any diet that a patient will adhere to in order to lose weight, according to a study in the September 3 issue of JAMA . Continue reading

Pinpointing genes that protect against frailty

Pinpointing genes that protect against frailty

Frailty is a common condition associated with old age, characterized by weight loss, weakness, decreased activity level and reduced mobility, which together increase the risk of injury and death. Continue reading