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Tag Archives: Women

Genetic variations may modify cardiovascular benefit of aspirin

Genetic variations may modify cardiovascular benefit of aspirin

Aspirin is the gold standard for antiplatelet therapy and a daily low-dose aspirin is widely prescribed for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Now, a new study suggests that common genetic variation in the gene for catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) may modify the cardiovascular benefit of aspirin, and in some people, may confer slight harm Continue reading

Pregnancy loss, cardiovascular disease connected by new study

Pregnancy loss, cardiovascular disease connected by new study

The Annals of Family Medicine today published an article detailing research showing that women with a history of pregnancy loss are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease later in adulthood than other women, work completed by physicians in the Center for Primary Care and Prevention (CPCP) at Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island. The article “Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Among Postmenopausal Women with Prior Pregnancy Loss: The Women’s Health Initiative” stems from the analysis of data from the maternity experiences of a sample of 77,701 women, according to Donna Parker, ScD, director for community health and research with the CPCP Continue reading

Researchers assess emergency radiology response after Boston Marathon bombings

Researchers assess emergency radiology response after Boston Marathon bombings

An after-action review of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital emergency radiology response to the Boston Marathon bombings highlights the crucial role medical imaging plays in emergency situations and ways in which radiology departments can improve their preparedness for mass casualty events. Continue reading

When good gut bacteria get sick

When good gut bacteria get sick

Being sick due to an infection can make us feel lousy. But what must the ecosystem of bacteria, or microbiota, colonizing our guts be going through when hit with infection? A study from Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) has utilized unique computational models to show how infection can affect bacteria that naturally live in our intestines. Continue reading

Women under-represented in academic medicine

Women under-represented in academic medicine

Women are under-represented in academic medicine resulting in a waste of public investment due to loss of research talent. Writing in the July issue of the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine , authors of an essay on women and academic medicine say that as a consequence of female under-representation, some areas of medicine are under-researched at a cost to patients and society. Discriminatory practices and unconscious bias, they say, continue to occur in academic medicine, despite a substantial fall in traditional discrepancies between men and women in medicine in recent years Continue reading

Letrozole may help women with polycystic ovary syndrome become pregnant

Letrozole may help women with polycystic ovary syndrome become pregnant

The drug letrozole results in higher birth rates in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) than the current preferred infertility treatment drug, according to a nationwide study led by Penn State College of Medicine researchers. PCOS affects 5 to 10 percent of reproductive-age women and is the most common cause of female infertility Continue reading

Safety of fecal transplant to treat C. difficile examined in study

Safety of fecal transplant to treat C. difficile examined in study

Researchers have found that fecal transplantation is effective and safe for treating C. difficile in immunocompromised patients. This is the result of a study led by Colleen Kelly, M.D., a gastroenterologist in the Center for Women’s Gastrointestinal Medicine at The Women’s Medicine Collaborative Continue reading

Six cases where big data can reduce healthcare costs

Six cases where big data can reduce healthcare costs

As the use of electronic health record becomes widespread across the United States, due in large to the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, the quantity of clinical data that will become available for research and analytic purposes will also dramatically increase. Additionally, experts in healthcare have become increasingly focused on clinical analytics that analyze large quantities of data for the purpose of gleaning insights that have the potential to improve the value of patient care — a process that is known as big data. In a new research study published in Health Affairs on July 8, 2014, researchers highlight some of the clearest opportunities to reduce costs through the use of big data. Continue reading

Expectant moms turn to internet for pregnancy advice more than they would like

Expectant moms turn to internet for pregnancy advice more than they would like

Pregnant women are using the Internet to seek answers to their medical questions more often than they would like, say Penn State researchers. “We found that first-time moms were upset that their first prenatal visit did not occur until eight weeks into pregnancy,” said Jennifer L. Kraschnewski, assistant professor of medicine and public health sciences, Penn State College of Medicine Continue reading

Polyphenols could yield small benefit for people with PAD

Polyphenols could yield small benefit for people with PAD

In a small study, people with artery problems in their legs walked a little longer and farther when they ate dark chocolate — a food rich in polyphenols, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association . Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a narrowing of the peripheral arteries to the legs, stomach, arms, and head — most commonly in the arteries of the legs. Continue reading