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Tag Archives: Women

NSAIDs may lower breast cancer recurrence rate in overweight, obese women

NSAIDs may lower breast cancer recurrence rate in overweight, obese women

Recurrence of hormone-related breast cancer was cut by half in overweight and obese women who regularly used aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), according to data published in Cancer Research , a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. Continue reading

Link between maternal age, emergency delivery shown

Link between maternal age, emergency delivery shown

An increased risk of emergency operative delivery is linked with increasing maternal age, suggests a new study published today in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. The study used a sample of 169,583 low risk, first-time mothers in Norway, to examine the association between maternal age and emergency operative delivery, which include emergency caesarean section and operative vaginal delivery (forceps or ventouse) Continue reading

Sleep deficiency and sleep medication use in astronauts

Sleep deficiency and sleep medication use in astronauts

In an extensive study of sleep monitoring and sleeping pill use in astronauts, researchers from Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Harvard Medical School, and the University of Colorado found that astronauts suffer considerable sleep deficiency in the weeks leading up to and during space flight. Continue reading

Pregnant women are often given inappropriate treatment for malaria

Pregnant women are often given inappropriate treatment for malaria

Not all pregnant women with symptoms of malaria seek care from their formal healthcare system and if they do seek care, they may be given inappropriate treatment because healthcare providers often fail to adhere to the standard (World Health Organization-WHO) diagnostic and treatment guidelines, according to a study by UK researchers published in this week’s PLOS Medicine . The authors (led by Jenny Hill from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine) reached these conclusions by reviewing all relevant studies that investigated the factors that affect pregnant women’s access to malaria treatment and healthcare provider practices for case management of malaria during pregnancy. In the 37 included studies (mostly from Africa), the authors found that one-quarter to three-quarters of women reported malaria episodes during pregnancy and more than 85% of the women who reported a malaria episode during pregnancy sought some form of treatment Continue reading

Genetic variations may modify cardiovascular benefit of aspirin

Genetic variations may modify cardiovascular benefit of aspirin

Aspirin is the gold standard for antiplatelet therapy and a daily low-dose aspirin is widely prescribed for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Now, a new study suggests that common genetic variation in the gene for catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) may modify the cardiovascular benefit of aspirin, and in some people, may confer slight harm Continue reading

Pregnancy loss, cardiovascular disease connected by new study

Pregnancy loss, cardiovascular disease connected by new study

The Annals of Family Medicine today published an article detailing research showing that women with a history of pregnancy loss are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease later in adulthood than other women, work completed by physicians in the Center for Primary Care and Prevention (CPCP) at Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island. The article “Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Among Postmenopausal Women with Prior Pregnancy Loss: The Women’s Health Initiative” stems from the analysis of data from the maternity experiences of a sample of 77,701 women, according to Donna Parker, ScD, director for community health and research with the CPCP Continue reading

Researchers assess emergency radiology response after Boston Marathon bombings

Researchers assess emergency radiology response after Boston Marathon bombings

An after-action review of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital emergency radiology response to the Boston Marathon bombings highlights the crucial role medical imaging plays in emergency situations and ways in which radiology departments can improve their preparedness for mass casualty events. Continue reading

When good gut bacteria get sick

When good gut bacteria get sick

Being sick due to an infection can make us feel lousy. But what must the ecosystem of bacteria, or microbiota, colonizing our guts be going through when hit with infection? A study from Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) has utilized unique computational models to show how infection can affect bacteria that naturally live in our intestines. Continue reading

Women under-represented in academic medicine

Women under-represented in academic medicine

Women are under-represented in academic medicine resulting in a waste of public investment due to loss of research talent. Writing in the July issue of the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine , authors of an essay on women and academic medicine say that as a consequence of female under-representation, some areas of medicine are under-researched at a cost to patients and society. Discriminatory practices and unconscious bias, they say, continue to occur in academic medicine, despite a substantial fall in traditional discrepancies between men and women in medicine in recent years Continue reading

Letrozole may help women with polycystic ovary syndrome become pregnant

Letrozole may help women with polycystic ovary syndrome become pregnant

The drug letrozole results in higher birth rates in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) than the current preferred infertility treatment drug, according to a nationwide study led by Penn State College of Medicine researchers. PCOS affects 5 to 10 percent of reproductive-age women and is the most common cause of female infertility Continue reading